Jagraon

39 documented cases of victims cremated in Jagraon:


Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haraj
Zira Subdistrict
Gurprem Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mansurwal

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hans
Avtar Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Avtar Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sibian
Balvir Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhajjawal
Balwinder Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Kalan
Bhag Singh Male, age 52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chachrari
Charnjeet Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khosa
Gian Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian
Guljar Singh Male, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Kalan
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur Malla
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lamma
Gurmit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roomi
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sodhiwala
Harnek Singh Male, age 45-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalla
Harpal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalpura
Jagdish Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhajjawal
Jagjit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Janetpura
Jasvir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manuke
Jatinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian
Mukand Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Khurd
Paramjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manuke
Paramjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian
Pritpal Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khosa
Pyara Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amargarh Urf Kaler
Ram Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Khurd
Rattan Singh Male, age 60-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Samsher Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Janetpura
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhajjawal
Teja Singh Male, age 43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sibian
Raikot Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Khurd
Gurbaksh Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Khurd
Palwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Binjal
Satwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Andlu
Shamsher Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raikot
Ujagar Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Binjal

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Komaljeet Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chuharchak
Nirmal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malianwala

Key statistics of cremated in Jagraon:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 39
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

46.2% Not married 18
 
 
53.8% Married 21

If married, did the victim have children?

41.0% Yes 16
 
 
12.8% No 5


Total children surviving victims: 48


Religion

100.0% Sikh 39
 

Caste

76.9% Jat 30
 
 
23.1% Non-Jat 9

Age

76.9% 18-33 30
 
12.8% 34-49 5
 
7.7% 50-64 3
 

Education

17.9% No education 7
 
10.3% Primary school 4
 
17.9% Middle school 7
 
48.7% High school 19
 
2.6% College degree 1
 
2.6% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

51.3% Farmer/agriculture 20
 
10.3% Day labourer 4
 
5.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
5.1% Student 2
 
5.1% Mechanic 2
 
2.6% Shopkeeper 1
 
2.6% Unemployed 1
 
33.3% Other 13
 

Urban / Rural

97.4% Rural 38
 
 
2.6% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

30.8% Yes 12
 
 
69.2% No 27

Prior torture

12.8% Yes 5
 
 
17.9% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

74.4% Yes 29
 
 
23.1% No 9

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

13.6% Yes 3
 
 
81.8% No 18

Witnesses to abduction

56.4% Yes 22
 
 
2.6% No 1

Victim abduction location

20.5% Victim’s residence 8
 
10.3% Shop/market 4
 
10.3% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
10.3% Police station 4
 
7.7% Roadside 3
 
7.7% Village fields 3
 
2.6% Bus station/stand 1
 
5.1% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

59.0% Yes 23
 
 
15.4% No 6

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

15.4% Gave no response 6
 
7.7% Other 3
 
5.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
2.6% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.6% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.7% Yes 3
 
 
66.7% No 26

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 39
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

87.2% 1 victim 34
 
12.8% 2 victims 5
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 39

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

100.0% Cremated the body 39
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
100.0% No 39
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

56.4% Yes 22
 
 
15.4% No 6

Security forces uniformed

90.9% Yes 20
 
 
13.6% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

66.7% Punjab Police 26
 
7.7% CRPF 3
 
7.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

82.1% Punjab police 32
 
15.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 6
 
10.3% CRPF 4
 
5.1% Army 2
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

23.1% Combatant 9
 
 
74.4% Non-combatant 29

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

15.4% Yes 6
 
 
59.0% No 23

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.1% Yes 2
 
 
10.3% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

10.3% Yes 4
 
 
89.7% No 35

Approached security officials

33.3% Yes 13
 
 
66.7% No 26

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

79.5% Afraid of retaliation 31
 
17.9% Didn’t know what to do 7
 
10.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 4
 
10.3% Couldn’t afford 4
 
7.7% Not applicable 3
 

Remedies desired from government

69.2% Truth commission 27
 
69.2% Monetary compensation to family 27
 
64.1% Employment 25
 
43.6% Investigations into abuses 17
 
28.2% Memorial for victims 11
 
25.6% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 10
 
17.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 7
 
7.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
5.1% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Time & Place  

District

5.1% Firozpur 2
 
89.7% Ludhiana 35
 
5.1% Moga 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
12.8% 1984 5
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
5.1% 1987 2
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
7.7% 1989 3
 
2.6% 1990 1
 
2.6% 1991 1
 
33.3% 1992 13
 
33.3% 1993 13
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
2.6% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.