Chhawala (Purana Shalla)

4 documented cases implicating security forces based in Chhawala (Purana Shalla):


Gurdaspur District

Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Gurnam Singh Male, age 17 at time of disappearance, Gunopur
Harbhej Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hardo Bathwala
Randhir Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gunopur

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Chhawala (Purana Shalla):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 4
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

75.0% Not married 3
 
 
25.0% Married 1

If married, did the victim have children?

25.0% Yes 1
 


Total children surviving victims: 2


Religion

100.0% Sikh 4
 

Caste

75.0% Non-Jat 3
 
 
25.0% Jat 1

Age

25.0% 0-17 1
 
50.0% 18-33 2
 
25.0% 34-49 1
 

Education

50.0% Middle school 2
 
25.0% High school 1
 
25.0% Some college 1
 

Employment

50.0% Student 2
 
25.0% Farmer/agriculture 1
 
25.0% Day labourer 1
 

Urban / Rural

75.0% Rural 3
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

50.0% Yes 2
 
 
50.0% No 2

Prior torture

50.0% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

50.0% Yes 2
 
 
50.0% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

50.0% Yes 1
 
 
50.0% No 1

Witnesses to abduction

50.0% Yes 2
 

Victim abduction location

25.0% Victim’s residence 1
 
25.0% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

50.0% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

50.0% Gave no response 2
 
25.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
25.0% No 1

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

75.0% Extrajudicial executions 3
 
 
25.0% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

75.0% 1 victim 3
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
75.0% No genuine encounters in family 3

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

50.0% Cremated the body 2
 

Security forces returned body

25.0% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
50.0% No 2
 

Condition of corpse, if known

25.0% Bruises 1
 
25.0% Bullet wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

100.0% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

50.0% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

50.0% Punjab Police 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

75.0% Punjab police 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

25.0% Combatant 1
 
 
75.0% Non-combatant 3

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
75.0% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

75.0% Yes 3
 
 
25.0% No 1

Approached security officials

75.0% Yes 3
 
 
25.0% No 1

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

25.0% Afraid of retaliation 1
 

Remedies desired from government

75.0% Monetary compensation to family 3
 
75.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
75.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
75.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 3
 
75.0% Employment 3
 
75.0% Truth commission 3
 
75.0% Investigations into abuses 3
 
50.0% Memorial for victims 2
 
25.0% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District 

District

75.0% Gurdaspur 3
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
25.0% 1990 1
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
50.0% 1992 2
 
25.0% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.