Kahnuwan

20 documented cases implicating security forces based in Kahnuwan:


Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Udhowali
Surinder Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bham
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saidowal Khurd
Balwinder Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Paswal
Balwinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gurdaspur
Dalwinder Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Man
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raju Bela
Hargobinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kala Bala
Harjinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kahnuwan
Heera Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Babri Nangal
Manjit Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tugalwala
Mohinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Paswal
Rajinder Kaur Female, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munan
Randhir Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gunopur
Saroop Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Paswal
Satnam Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buttar Kalan
Satnam Singh Male, age 45-47 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhumbli
Sukhchain Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bagrian

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Kahnuwan:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.0% Male 19
 
 
5.0% Female 1

Marital status

65.0% Not married 13
 
 
35.0% Married 7

If married, did the victim have children?

30.0% Yes 6
 
 
5.0% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 10


Religion

100.0% Sikh 20
 

Caste

65.0% Jat 13
 
 
35.0% Non-Jat 7

Age

5.0% 0-17 1
 
80.0% 18-33 16
 
10.0% 34-49 2
 
5.0% 50-64 1
 

Education

10.0% No education 2
 
10.0% Primary school 2
 
15.0% Middle school 3
 
50.0% High school 10
 
5.0% Some college 1
 
10.0% College degree 2
 

Employment

35.0% Farmer/agriculture 7
 
15.0% Student 3
 
10.0% Day labourer 2
 
10.0% Unemployed 2
 
5.0% Shopkeeper 1
 
5.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
35.0% Other 7
 

Urban / Rural

85.0% Rural 17
 
 
5.0% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

75.0% Yes 15
 
 
25.0% No 5

Prior torture

70.0% Yes 14
 
 
5.0% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

85.0% Yes 17
 
 
15.0% No 3

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

31.2% Yes 5
 
 
62.5% No 10

Witnesses to abduction

80.0% Yes 16
 

Victim abduction location

20.0% Victim’s residence 4
 
20.0% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
15.0% Roadside 3
 
5.0% Shop/market 1
 
5.0% Bus station/stand 1
 
5.0% Police station 1
 
5.0% Village drain 1
 
10.0% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

70.0% Yes 14
 
 
15.0% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

5.0% Gave no response 1
 
5.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
5.0% Denied involvement 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

10.0% Yes 2
 
 
45.0% No 9

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 20
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

85.0% 1 victim 17
 
15.0% 2 victim 3
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 20

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

55.0% Cremated the body 11
 

Security forces returned body

25.0% Yes 5
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
75.0% No 15
 

Condition of corpse, if known

20.0% Bullet wounds 4
 
5.0% Cuts/wounds 1
 
5.0% Broken bones 1
 
5.0% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
5.0% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

75.0% Yes 15
 
 
20.0% No 4

Security forces uniformed

43.8% Yes 7
 
 
6.2% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

60.0% Punjab Police 12
 
10.0% BSF 2
 
10.0% CRPF 2
 
5.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
5.0% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

90.0% Punjab police 18
 
5.0% CRPF 1
 
5.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
5.0% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

65.0% Combatant 13
 
 
35.0% Non-combatant 7

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

5.0% Yes 1
 
 
20.0% No 4

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.0% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

35.0% Yes 7
 
 
65.0% No 13

Approached security officials

15.0% Yes 3
 
 
80.0% No 16

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

50.0% Afraid of retaliation 10
 
25.0% Couldn’t afford 5
 
20.0% Didn’t know what to do 4
 
15.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 

Remedies desired from government

75.0% Monetary compensation to family 15
 
55.0% Memorial for victims 11
 
50.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 10
 
45.0% Employment 9
 
40.0% Investigations into abuses 8
 
35.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 7
 
35.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
35.0% Truth commission 7
 
10.0% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District 

District

90.0% Gurdaspur 18
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
5.0% 1987 1
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
10.0% 1989 2
 
10.0% 1990 2
 
10.0% 1991 2
 
30.0% 1992 6
 
15.0% 1993 3
 
20.0% 1994 4
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.