Udhanwal

19 documented cases implicating security forces based in Udhanwal:


Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mokal
Balwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagtupur
Daljit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qadian
Darshan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagtupur
Dilbag Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manesh
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 30-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojala
Gurpal Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Jhawar
Hardyal Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojala
Heera Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Jhawar
Jaswant Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra
Kulwant Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra
Major Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manesh
Paramjit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Cheema
Punjab Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojala
Shindpal Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Sikandar Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra
Sucha Singh Male, age 52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhanda
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Kunan Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Todar Mal

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Udhanwal:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 19
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

68.4% Not married 13
 
 
31.6% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

31.6% Yes 6
 


Total children surviving victims: 16


Religion

100.0% Sikh 19
 

Caste

94.7% Jat 18
 
 
5.3% Non-Jat 1

Age

10.5% 0-17 2
 
73.7% 18-33 14
 
5.3% 34-49 1
 
5.3% 50-64 1
 

Education

26.3% No education 5
 
21.1% Middle school 4
 
47.4% High school 9
 
5.3% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

73.7% Farmer/agriculture 14
 
15.8% Student 3
 
5.3% Day labourer 1
 
5.3% Unemployed 1
 
5.3% Shopkeeper 1
 
5.3% Mechanic 1
 
5.3% Other 1
 

Urban / Rural

94.7% Rural 18
 
 
5.3% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

31.6% Yes 6
 
 
68.4% No 13

Prior torture

31.6% Yes 6
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.9% Yes 15
 
 
21.1% No 4

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

40.0% Yes 6
 
 
60.0% No 9

Witnesses to abduction

78.9% Yes 15
 

Victim abduction location

47.4% Victim’s residence 9
 
5.3% Village fields 1
 
5.3% Village drain 1
 
5.3% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
5.3% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
5.3% Roadside 1
 
5.3% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

57.9% Yes 11
 
 
21.1% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

10.5% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
5.3% Gave no response 1
 
5.3% Denied involvement 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
52.6% No 10

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 19
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

68.4% 1 victim 13
 
31.6% 2 victim 6
 

Related incidents

5.3% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
94.7% No genuine encounters in family 18

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

42.1% Cremated the body 8
 
5.3% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
100.0% No 19
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

73.7% Yes 14
 
 
15.8% No 3

Security forces uniformed

60.0% Yes 9
 
 
13.3% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

78.9% Punjab Police 15
 
10.5% Black cat 2
 
10.5% BSF 2
 
5.3% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 19
 
10.5% BSF 2
 
5.3% CRPF 1
 
5.3% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

26.3% Combatant 5
 
 
73.7% Non-combatant 14

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

21.1% Yes 4
 
 
52.6% No 10

If provided support, support was voluntary

15.8% Yes 3
 
 
5.3% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

10.5% Yes 2
 
 
89.5% No 17

Approached security officials

10.5% Yes 2
 
 
89.5% No 17

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

84.2% Afraid of retaliation 16
 
21.1% Couldn’t afford 4
 
15.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
10.5% Didn’t know what to do 2
 

Remedies desired from government

84.2% Monetary compensation to family 16
 
73.7% Employment 14
 
73.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 14
 
68.4% Truth commission 13
 
63.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 12
 
63.2% Memorial for victims 12
 
57.9% Investigations into abuses 11
 
57.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 11
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Gurdaspur 19
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
15.8% 1988 3
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
52.6% 1991 10
 
31.6% 1992 6
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.