Ghuman

14 documented cases implicating security forces based in Ghuman:


Amritsar District

Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 17-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sathiala
Dilbag Singh Male, age 48 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jamalpur
Massa Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahpur
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahpur

Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Raghbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sirhali

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Buta Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Damodar
Chanan Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wila Bajju
Darshan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagtupur
Gian Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Sharaf
Gurdev Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaure
Gurpal Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Jhawar
Harjinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Bhindran
Mangal Singh Male, age 32-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Meeke
Sher Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghuman

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Ghuman:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 14
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

57.1% Not married 8
 
 
42.9% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

42.9% Yes 6
 


Total children surviving victims: 17


Religion

100.0% Sikh 14
 

Caste

78.6% Jat 11
 
 
21.4% Non-Jat 3

Age

7.1% 0-17 1
 
64.3% 18-33 9
 
14.3% 34-49 2
 

Education

21.4% No education 3
 
21.4% Primary school 3
 
14.3% Middle school 2
 
42.9% High school 6
 

Employment

71.4% Farmer/agriculture 10
 
14.3% Day labourer 2
 
7.1% Student 1
 
7.1% Other 1
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 14
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

50.0% Yes 7
 
 
50.0% No 7

Prior torture

42.9% Yes 6
 
 
7.1% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

85.7% Yes 12
 
 
14.3% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

27.3% Yes 3
 
 
72.7% No 8

Witnesses to abduction

78.6% Yes 11
 

Victim abduction location

35.7% Victim’s residence 5
 
21.4% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
14.3% Roadside 2
 
7.1% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
7.1% Village fields 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

64.3% Yes 9
 
 
21.4% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.3% Gave no response 2
 
7.1% Denied involvement 1
 
7.1% Victim killed by militants 1
 
7.1% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.1% Yes 1
 
 
50.0% No 7

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 14
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 14
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 14

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

35.7% Cremated the body 5
 

Security forces returned body

7.1% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
92.9% No 13
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.1% Bruises 1
 
7.1% Broken bones 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

71.4% Yes 10
 
 
21.4% No 3

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 11
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

85.7% Punjab Police 12
 
28.6% CRPF 4
 
7.1% BSF 1
 
7.1% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

92.9% Punjab police 13
 
7.1% BSF 1
 
7.1% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

50.0% Combatant 7
 
 
50.0% Non-combatant 7

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
28.6% No 4

If provided support, support was voluntary

7.1% Yes 1
 
 
7.1% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
85.7% No 12

Approached security officials

21.4% Yes 3
 
 
78.6% No 11

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

78.6% Afraid of retaliation 11
 
28.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 4
 
21.4% Couldn’t afford 3
 
14.3% Didn’t know what to do 2
 

Remedies desired from government

92.9% Monetary compensation to family 13
 
85.7% Employment 12
 
57.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 8
 
50.0% Truth commission 7
 
42.9% Memorial for victims 6
 
35.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 5
 
21.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
21.4% Investigations into abuses 3
 

Year & District 

District

28.6% Amritsar 4
 
7.1% Firozpur 1
 
64.3% Gurdaspur 9
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
7.1% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
21.4% 1988 3
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
35.7% 1991 5
 
28.6% 1992 4
 
7.1% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.