Lopoke

44 documented cases implicating security forces based in Lopoke:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Achhar Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhindi Saidan
Arvinder Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohala
Balbir Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahura
Balbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakar
Baljinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanowal
Balraj Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Tola
Daljit Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Khiala Khurd
Dalwinder Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiala Khurd
Gurcharn Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Makam
Gurdyal Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke
Gurmej Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chogawan
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kallo Mahal
Hans Kaur Female, age 39 at time of disappearance, Mananwala
Jagbir Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awanlakha Singh
Jagir Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakar
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalpura
Kashmir Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lodhi Gujjar
Kashmir Singh Male, age 32-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mananwala
Kawaljit Kaur Female, age 1 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Khurd
Kewal Masi Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhindi Aulakh Khurd
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 20-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Kamal Khan
Major Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahura
Mangal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Anayatpura
Palwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakar
Sahib Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahura
Satnam Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina Patti Subazpura
Satnam Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakar
Subhaig Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatti
Sucha Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mandianwala
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mananwala
Sulakhan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Khurd
Tara Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Razada
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mian Pandher
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Jeet Kaur Female, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thanda
Kashmir Kaur Female, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thanda
Nishan Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thanda
Rashpal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhakna Khurd
Patti Subdistrict
Sharanpal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singhpura
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Kulwant Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj
Malkit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Rahman

Gurdaspur District

Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Satinderjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nikko Sarai

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Female, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Lopoke:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

88.6% Male 39
 
 
11.4% Female 5

Marital status

50.0% Not married 22
 
 
50.0% Married 22

If married, did the victim have children?

38.6% Yes 17
 
 
11.4% No 5


Total children surviving victims: 42


Religion

95.5% Sikh 42
 
 
4.5% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

81.8% Jat 36
 
 
18.2% Non-Jat 8

Age

2.3% 0-17 1
 
75.0% 18-33 33
 
15.9% 34-49 7
 
4.5% 50-64 2
 

Education

36.4% No education 16
 
22.7% Primary school 10
 
15.9% Middle school 7
 
25.0% High school 11
 

Employment

54.5% Farmer/agriculture 24
 
9.1% Day labourer 4
 
6.8% Housewife 3
 
6.8% Student 3
 
4.5% Unemployed 2
 
4.5% Shopkeeper 2
 
13.6% Other 6
 

Urban / Rural

93.2% Rural 41
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

40.9% Yes 18
 
 
56.8% No 25

Prior torture

29.5% Yes 13
 
 
11.4% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

81.8% Yes 36
 
 
18.2% No 8

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

34.5% Yes 10
 
 
65.5% No 19

Witnesses to abduction

65.9% Yes 29
 
 
6.8% No 3

Victim abduction location

29.5% Friend/relative's residence 13
 
20.5% Victim’s residence 9
 
11.4% Roadside 5
 
9.1% Village fields 4
 
2.3% Police station 1
 
2.3% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
6.8% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

63.6% Yes 28
 
 
18.2% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.5% Gave no response 9
 
13.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 6
 
11.4% Other 5
 
11.4% Denied involvement 5
 
6.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
4.5% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
2.3% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.3% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.3% Yes 1
 
 
34.1% No 15

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

95.5% Extrajudicial executions 42
 
 
4.5% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

68.2% 1 victim 30
 
22.7% 2 victim 10
 
2.3% 3 victim 1
 
6.8% 5 victim 3
 

Related incidents

4.5% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
95.5% No genuine encounters in family 42

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

22.7% Cremated the body 10
 

Security forces returned body

31.8% Yes 14
 
4.5% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
59.1% No 26
 

Condition of corpse, if known

25.0% Bullet wounds 11
 
11.4% Cuts/wounds 5
 
9.1% Broken bones 4
 
9.1% Burn marks 4
 
6.8% Bruises 3
 
6.8% Missing hair from head or face 3
 
4.5% Missing fingernails 2
 
2.3% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

50.0% Yes 22
 
 
38.6% No 17

Security forces uniformed

96.6% Yes 28
 
 
3.4% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

77.3% Punjab Police 34
 
20.5% CRPF 9
 
4.5% BSF 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

93.2% Punjab police 41
 
18.2% CRPF 8
 
4.5% BSF 2
 
2.3% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

36.4% Combatant 16
 
 
61.4% Non-combatant 27

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

20.5% Yes 9
 
 
36.4% No 16

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.1% Yes 4
 
 
11.4% No 5

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

65.9% Yes 29
 
 
34.1% No 15

Approached security officials

59.1% Yes 26
 
 
40.9% No 18

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

18.2% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
11.4% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
6.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
4.5% Couldn’t afford 2
 

Remedies desired from government

79.5% Monetary compensation to family 35
 
68.2% Employment 30
 
54.5% Truth commission 24
 
50.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 22
 
43.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 19
 
13.6% Investigations into abuses 6
 
6.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
6.8% Memorial for victims 3
 
4.5% Desire nothing from government 2
 
2.3% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

90.9% Amritsar 40
 
2.3% Gurdaspur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.3% 1986 1
 
11.4% 1987 5
 
11.4% 1988 5
 
11.4% 1989 5
 
4.5% 1990 2
 
13.6% 1991 6
 
29.5% 1992 13
 
6.8% 1993 3
 
4.5% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.5% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.