Lopoke

45 documented cases implicating security forces based in Lopoke:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Achhar Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhindi Saidan
Arvinder Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohala
Balbir Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahura
Balbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakar
Baljinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanowal
Balraj Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Tola
Daljit Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Khiala Khurd
Dalwinder Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiala Khurd
Gurcharn Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Makam
Gurdyal Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke
Gurmej Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chogawan
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kallo Mahal
Hans Kaur Female, age 39 at time of disappearance, Mananwala
Jagbir Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awanlakha Singh
Jagir Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakar
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalpura
Kashmir Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lodhi Gujjar
Kashmir Singh Male, age 32-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mananwala
Kawaljit Kaur Female, age 1 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Khurd
Kewal Masi Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhindi Aulakh Khurd
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 20-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Kamal Khan
Major Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahura
Mangal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Anayatpura
Palwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakar
Sahib Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahura
Satnam Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakar
Satnam Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina Patti Subazpura
Subhaig Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatti
Sucha Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mandianwala
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mananwala
Sulakhan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Khurd
Tara Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Razada
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mian Pandher
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Jeet Kaur Female, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thanda
Kashmir Kaur Female, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thanda
Nishan Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thanda
Rashpal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhakna Khurd
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Sarmukh Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Muchhal
Patti Subdistrict
Sharanpal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singhpura
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Kulwant Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj
Malkit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Rahman

Gurdaspur District

Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Satinderjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nikko Sarai

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Female, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Lopoke:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

88.9% Male 40
 
 
11.1% Female 5

Marital status

51.1% Not married 23
 
 
48.9% Married 22

If married, did the victim have children?

37.8% Yes 17
 
 
11.1% No 5


Total children surviving victims: 42


Religion

95.6% Sikh 43
 
 
4.4% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

80.0% Jat 36
 
 
20.0% Non-Jat 9

Age

2.2% 0-17 1
 
75.6% 18-33 34
 
15.6% 34-49 7
 
4.4% 50-64 2
 

Education

35.6% No education 16
 
22.2% Primary school 10
 
15.6% Middle school 7
 
26.7% High school 12
 

Employment

53.3% Farmer/agriculture 24
 
8.9% Day labourer 4
 
6.7% Student 3
 
6.7% Housewife 3
 
4.4% Shopkeeper 2
 
4.4% Unemployed 2
 
15.6% Other 7
 

Urban / Rural

93.3% Rural 42
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

40.0% Yes 18
 
 
57.8% No 26

Prior torture

28.9% Yes 13
 
 
11.1% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

82.2% Yes 37
 
 
17.8% No 8

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

34.5% Yes 10
 
 
69.0% No 20

Witnesses to abduction

64.4% Yes 29
 
 
8.9% No 4

Victim abduction location

28.9% Friend/relative's residence 13
 
22.2% Victim’s residence 10
 
11.1% Roadside 5
 
8.9% Village fields 4
 
2.2% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.2% Police station 1
 
6.7% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

64.4% Yes 29
 
 
17.8% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.0% Gave no response 9
 
13.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 6
 
13.3% Denied involvement 6
 
13.3% Other 6
 
6.7% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
6.7% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
2.2% Admitted custody only 1
 
2.2% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.2% Yes 1
 
 
33.3% No 15

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

95.6% Extrajudicial executions 43
 
 
4.4% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

68.9% 1 victim 31
 
22.2% 2 victim 10
 
2.2% 3 victim 1
 
6.7% 5 victim 3
 

Related incidents

4.4% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
95.6% No genuine encounters in family 43

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

22.2% Cremated the body 10
 

Security forces returned body

31.1% Yes 14
 
4.4% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
60.0% No 27
 

Condition of corpse, if known

24.4% Bullet wounds 11
 
11.1% Cuts/wounds 5
 
8.9% Broken bones 4
 
8.9% Burn marks 4
 
6.7% Bruises 3
 
6.7% Missing hair from head or face 3
 
4.4% Missing fingernails 2
 
2.2% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

51.1% Yes 23
 
 
37.8% No 17

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 29
 
 
3.4% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

77.8% Punjab Police 35
 
20.0% CRPF 9
 
4.4% BSF 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

93.3% Punjab police 42
 
17.8% CRPF 8
 
4.4% BSF 2
 
2.2% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

35.6% Combatant 16
 
 
62.2% Non-combatant 28

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

20.0% Yes 9
 
 
37.8% No 17

If provided support, support was voluntary

8.9% Yes 4
 
 
11.1% No 5

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

66.7% Yes 30
 
 
33.3% No 15

Approached security officials

60.0% Yes 27
 
 
40.0% No 18

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

17.8% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
11.1% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
6.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
4.4% Couldn’t afford 2
 

Remedies desired from government

80.0% Monetary compensation to family 36
 
66.7% Employment 30
 
55.6% Truth commission 25
 
51.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 23
 
44.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 20
 
13.3% Investigations into abuses 6
 
6.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
6.7% Memorial for victims 3
 
4.4% Desire nothing from government 2
 
2.2% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

91.1% Amritsar 41
 
2.2% Gurdaspur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.2% 1986 1
 
11.1% 1987 5
 
11.1% 1988 5
 
11.1% 1989 5
 
4.4% 1990 2
 
13.3% 1991 6
 
31.1% 1992 14
 
6.7% 1993 3
 
4.4% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.4% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.