Kathu Nangal

62 documented cases implicating security forces based in Kathu Nangal:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Jagtar Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiala Khurd
Ranjit Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dayal Bhatti
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gujjarpura
Baljinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kathu Nangal
Baljit Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Chachowali
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Dhole Shah
Bhupinder Kaur Female, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mago Soe
Davinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mukandpura
Dharm Singh Male, age 38-39 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kathu Nangal
Harpal Singh Bhatti Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhar
Jagdish Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mago Soe
Jagir Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Begewal
Jagtar Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chatiwind Lelan
Jaswant Singh Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Abdal
Kabal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhullar Hans
Kabal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhullar Hans
Kashmir Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Chogawan Roopowali
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Chachowali
Narinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chachowali
Narinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Begewal
Pargat Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mago Soe
Pritam Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Dhole Shah
Ranjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhilowal
Satnam Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattu Bhila
Sawinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manga Sarai
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chachowali
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chawinda Devi
Surjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Dhole Shah
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Jaswant Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Mangal Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Satbir Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jethuwal
Veer Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahanian Koharan
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of disappearance, Mattewal
Baljit Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sidhwan
Darshan Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of disappearance, Mattewal
Davinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nijjar
Gurjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhajjal Wadi
Mohinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Sathiala
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Sidhwan
Narinder Kaur Female, age 38-40 at time of disappearance, Mattewal
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buttar Siviya
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saidpur
Surinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalal
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Charanjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Hardeep Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhalojala
Patti Subdistrict
Gora Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Balkar Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Majlas
Gurdial Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nawan Pind Milkhiwala
Harbans Singh Male, age 32-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghasitpur
Harbhej Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nawan Pind Barqiwala
Jarnail Singh Male, age 29-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahadurpur Rajoa
Jasbir Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Samrai
Parminderjit Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Ball
Ranjodh Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Basarpura
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Damodar
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Gurbaksh Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhesian
Keval Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhilwan
Sawinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Athwal

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 34-35 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Kathu Nangal:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.8% Male 60
 
 
3.2% Female 2

Marital status

51.6% Not married 32
 
 
48.4% Married 30

If married, did the victim have children?

37.1% Yes 23
 
 
11.3% No 7


Total children surviving victims: 56


Religion

100.0% Sikh 62
 

Caste

69.4% Jat 43
 
 
30.6% Non-Jat 19

Age

4.8% 0-17 3
 
82.3% 18-33 51
 
12.9% 34-49 8
 

Education

11.3% No education 7
 
16.1% Primary school 10
 
21.0% Middle school 13
 
48.4% High school 30
 
1.6% College degree 1
 
1.6% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

29.0% Farmer/agriculture 18
 
17.7% Day labourer 11
 
12.9% Student 8
 
11.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 7
 
4.8% Unemployed 3
 
3.2% Housewife 2
 
3.2% Shopkeeper 2
 
1.6% Carpenter 1
 
1.6% Mechanic 1
 
19.4% Other 12
 

Urban / Rural

90.3% Rural 56
 
 
4.8% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

43.5% Yes 27
 
 
51.6% No 32

Prior torture

32.3% Yes 20
 
 
11.3% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

90.3% Yes 56
 
 
9.7% No 6

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

33.3% Yes 16
 
 
66.7% No 32

Witnesses to abduction

77.4% Yes 48
 
 
6.5% No 4

Victim abduction location

30.6% Victim’s residence 19
 
21.0% Roadside 13
 
4.8% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
4.8% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
3.2% Shop/market 2
 
1.6% Village fields 1
 
1.6% Police station 1
 
19.4% Other 12
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

64.5% Yes 40
 
 
25.8% No 16

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.5% Other 9
 
12.9% Told family to go to another police station 8
 
11.3% Gave no response 7
 
9.7% Admitted custody only 6
 
8.1% Denied involvement 5
 
6.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 4
 
3.2% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
1.6% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.8% Yes 3
 
 
51.6% No 32

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

83.9% Extrajudicial executions 52
 
 
16.1% Enforced disappearances 10

Number of victims per family

82.3% 1 victim 51
 
8.1% 2 victim 5
 
9.7% 3 victim 6
 

Related incidents

6.5% Genuine encounters in family 4
 
 
93.5% No genuine encounters in family 58

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

33.9% Cremated the body 21
 
1.6% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

11.3% Yes 7
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
72.6% No 45
 

Condition of corpse, if known

12.9% Bullet wounds 8
 
4.8% Bruises 3
 
4.8% Cuts/wounds 3
 
3.2% Broken bones 2
 
3.2% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
1.6% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

67.7% Yes 42
 
 
19.4% No 12

Security forces uniformed

85.4% Yes 41
 
 
6.2% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

83.9% Punjab Police 52
 
6.5% CRPF 4
 
3.2% Black cat 2
 
1.6% Army 1
 
1.6% BSF 1
 
1.6% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.6% Punjab police 50
 
6.5% CRPF 4
 
1.6% Army 1
 
1.6% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

50.0% Combatant 31
 
 
48.4% Non-combatant 30

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

19.4% Yes 12
 
 
29.0% No 18

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.9% Yes 8
 
 
3.2% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

62.9% Yes 39
 
 
37.1% No 23

Approached security officials

46.8% Yes 29
 
 
53.2% No 33

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

32.3% Afraid of retaliation 20
 
14.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 9
 
8.1% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
3.2% Not applicable 2
 
1.6% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

75.8% Monetary compensation to family 47
 
54.8% Employment 34
 
48.4% Truth commission 30
 
46.8% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 29
 
37.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 23
 
14.5% Memorial for victims 9
 
14.5% Investigations into abuses 9
 
12.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 8
 
3.2% Desire nothing from government 2
 
1.6% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

75.8% Amritsar 47
 
19.4% Gurdaspur 12
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
1.6% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
1.6% 1987 1
 
8.1% 1988 5
 
12.9% 1989 8
 
4.8% 1990 3
 
21.0% 1991 13
 
22.6% 1992 14
 
25.8% 1993 16
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
1.6% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.