Manochahal

14 documented cases implicating security forces based in Manochahal:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Amritsar
Jaswant Singh Khalra Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Gurdip Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathuke
Randhir Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of disappearance, Mal Chak
Patti Subdistrict
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tatle
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Aroor Singh Male, age 39 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Balkar Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhu Chak
Harbhajan Kaur Female, age 45-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahbazpur
Mahinder Kaur Female, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjwar
Resham Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koharaka
Sukhwinder Kaur Female, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khera
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhira
Tajinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Palasaur

Ludhiana District

Raikot Subdistrict
Jagdev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Siloani

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Manochahal:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

78.6% Male 11
 
 
21.4% Female 3

Marital status

28.6% Not married 4
 
 
71.4% Married 10

If married, did the victim have children?

71.4% Yes 10
 


Total children surviving victims: 32


Religion

100.0% Sikh 14
 

Caste

100.0% Jat 14
 

Age

57.1% 18-33 8
 
35.7% 34-49 5
 
7.1% 65+ 1
 

Education

57.1% No education 8
 
14.3% Primary school 2
 
7.1% Middle school 1
 
7.1% High school 1
 
7.1% College degree 1
 

Employment

78.6% Farmer/agriculture 11
 
7.1% Housewife 1
 
21.4% Other 3
 

Urban / Rural

85.7% Rural 12
 
 
14.3% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

42.9% Yes 6
 
 
57.1% No 8

Prior torture

21.4% Yes 3
 
 
21.4% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
85.7% No 12

Witnesses to abduction

100.0% Yes 14
 

Victim abduction location

57.1% Victim’s residence 8
 
14.3% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
7.1% Roadside 1
 
7.1% Police station 1
 
14.3% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

92.9% Yes 13
 
 
7.1% No 1

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

28.6% Other 4
 
14.3% Gave no response 2
 
14.3% Denied involvement 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
64.3% No 9

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.7% Extrajudicial executions 12
 
 
14.3% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

85.7% 1 victim 12
 
7.1% 2 victim 1
 
7.1% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 14

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

35.7% Cremated the body 5
 
14.3% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
85.7% No 12
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

85.7% Yes 12
 
 
14.3% No 2

Security forces uniformed

85.7% Yes 12
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 14
 
35.7% CRPF 5
 
14.3% Black cat 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

85.7% Punjab police 12
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

28.6% Combatant 4
 
 
71.4% Non-combatant 10

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

50.0% Yes 7
 
 
21.4% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

21.4% Yes 3
 
 
28.6% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

78.6% Yes 11
 
 
14.3% No 2

Approached security officials

50.0% Yes 7
 
 
50.0% No 7

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

14.3% Afraid of retaliation 2
 
7.1% Didn’t know what to do 1
 
7.1% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

78.6% Monetary compensation to family 11
 
64.3% Truth commission 9
 
64.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 9
 
57.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 8
 
42.9% Employment 6
 
14.3% Memorial for victims 2
 
7.1% Investigations into abuses 1
 
7.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 
7.1% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

92.9% Amritsar 13
 
7.1% Ludhiana 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
7.1% 1987 1
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
64.3% 1992 9
 
14.3% 1993 2
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
7.1% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
7.1% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.