Chohla Sahib (Chohla Khurd)

22 documented cases implicating security forces based in Chohla Sahib (Chohla Khurd):


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pakhar Pura
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kallah
Balwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munda Pind
Patti Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahid
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Dalbir Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Guljar Singh Male, age 37-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Gurdeep Kaur Female, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Jaspal Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Jassa Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Kuldip Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shangarpur
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ratoke
Mahinder Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali
Major Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ruriwala
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Chohla Sahib
Naib Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Sarhali
Naib Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Navkiran Singh Male, age 14 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Ratan Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of disappearance, Chohla Sahib
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Chohla Sahib (Chohla Khurd):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.5% Male 21
 
 
4.5% Female 1

Marital status

54.5% Not married 12
 
 
45.5% Married 10

If married, did the victim have children?

31.8% Yes 7
 
 
13.6% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 21


Religion

100.0% Sikh 22
 

Caste

63.6% Jat 14
 
 
36.4% Non-Jat 8

Age

9.1% 0-17 2
 
63.6% 18-33 14
 
22.7% 34-49 5
 

Education

36.4% No education 8
 
13.6% Primary school 3
 
18.2% Middle school 4
 
27.3% High school 6
 
4.5% College degree 1
 

Employment

54.5% Farmer/agriculture 12
 
22.7% Day labourer 5
 
9.1% Student 2
 
4.5% Housewife 1
 
4.5% Unemployed 1
 
9.1% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 22
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

18.2% Yes 4
 
 
81.8% No 18

Prior torture

9.1% Yes 2
 
 
9.1% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 22
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

16.7% Yes 3
 
 
77.8% No 14

Witnesses to abduction

81.8% Yes 18
 
 
4.5% No 1

Victim abduction location

45.5% Victim’s residence 10
 
22.7% Roadside 5
 
9.1% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
9.1% Shop/market 2
 
4.5% Police station 1
 
4.5% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

77.3% Yes 17
 
 
22.7% No 5

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

36.4% Denied involvement 8
 
31.8% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
13.6% Gave no response 3
 
13.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
13.6% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
9.1% Other 2
 
4.5% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

9.1% Yes 2
 
 
72.7% No 16

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.9% Extrajudicial executions 20
 
 
9.1% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

77.3% 1 victim 17
 
13.6% 2 victim 3
 
9.1% 3 victim 2
 

Related incidents

13.6% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
86.4% No genuine encounters in family 19

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

18.2% Cremated the body 4
 
4.5% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

13.6% Yes 3
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
77.3% No 17
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.1% Bullet wounds 2
 
9.1% Broken bones 2
 
4.5% Bruises 1
 
4.5% Cuts/wounds 1
 
4.5% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
4.5% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

86.4% Yes 19
 
 
9.1% No 2

Security forces uniformed

88.9% Yes 16
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

95.5% Punjab Police 21
 
18.2% CRPF 4
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

81.8% Punjab police 18
 
9.1% CRPF 2
 
4.5% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

18.2% Combatant 4
 
 
81.8% Non-combatant 18

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

9.1% Yes 2
 
 
72.7% No 16

If provided support, support was voluntary

4.5% Yes 1
 
 
4.5% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

50.0% Yes 11
 
 
50.0% No 11

Approached security officials

72.7% Yes 16
 
 
27.3% No 6

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

45.5% Afraid of retaliation 10
 
13.6% Couldn’t afford 3
 
9.1% Didn’t know what to do 2
 
4.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

90.9% Monetary compensation to family 20
 
77.3% Employment 17
 
40.9% Truth commission 9
 
27.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 6
 
22.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 5
 
18.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 4
 
13.6% Investigations into abuses 3
 
4.5% Memorial for victims 1
 
4.5% Desire nothing from government 1
 
4.5% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Amritsar 22
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
4.5% 1986 1
 
4.5% 1987 1
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
13.6% 1989 3
 
9.1% 1990 2
 
22.7% 1991 5
 
27.3% 1992 6
 
13.6% 1993 3
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
4.5% 1998 1
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.