Sarhali Kalan (Billian Wala, Thatha)

65 documented cases implicating security forces based in Sarhali Kalan (Billian Wala, Thatha):


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Satnam Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Riar
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Jaswant Singh Khalra Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Sulakhan Singh Male, age 74-75 at time of disappearance, Bhakna Kalan
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jallupur Khera
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pindian
Baldev Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kallah
Baldev Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Waring
Balwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munda Pind
Gurdip Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathuke
Gurmail Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhunda
Harjeet Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khakh
Suminder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jama Rai
Wassan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarli Khurd
Patti Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahid
Karam Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Ladi Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Puhla
Mehar Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Pargat Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Atma Singh Male, age 67-68 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Pannuan
Baj Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhira
Baldev Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Baljit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Balkar Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Khara
Balkar Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raniwala
Balraj Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khara
Balwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Butta Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Chirmal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Viring
Dalbir Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Dalbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Desa Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raniwala
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 60-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koharaka
Guljar Singh Male, age 37-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gandiwind
Gurmej Kaur Female, age 61-63 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Pannuan
Harbans Singh Male, age 55-56 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhina Bidhi Chand
Hardeep Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Viring
Harjinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kheda
Karam Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Durgapur Garbi
Kewal Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatpur
Khajan Singh Male, age 17-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dedehar Sahib
Kuldip Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Kulwant Singh Male, age 24-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gandiwind
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shangarpur
Mahinder Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali
Makhan Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khara
Navkiran Singh Male, age 14 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Nirvail Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Aladinpur
Pal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khara
Ram Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Ratan Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of disappearance, Chohla Sahib
Sahib Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian
Sajan Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Pannuan
Sarwan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khara
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 53-54 at time of disappearance, Sarhali Kalan
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raniwala
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 20-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raniwala
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khara

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Hardial Singh Male, age 43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gurusar

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Gursahib Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Faridowala
Mangal Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karmuwala

Kapurthala District

Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Hardev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boolpur

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patiala

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Sarhali Kalan (Billian Wala, Thatha):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

98.5% Male 64
 
 
1.5% Female 1

Marital status

50.8% Not married 33
 
 
49.2% Married 32

If married, did the victim have children?

40.0% Yes 26
 
 
9.2% No 6


Total children surviving victims: 66


Religion

98.5% Sikh 64
 
 
1.5% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

66.2% Jat 43
 
 
33.8% Non-Jat 22

Age

6.2% 0-17 4
 
64.6% 18-33 42
 
13.8% 34-49 9
 
7.7% 50-64 5
 
3.1% 65+ 2
 

Education

23.1% No education 15
 
26.2% Primary school 17
 
18.5% Middle school 12
 
26.2% High school 17
 
1.5% Some college 1
 
1.5% College degree 1
 
1.5% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

43.1% Farmer/agriculture 28
 
21.5% Day labourer 14
 
7.7% Shopkeeper 5
 
3.1% Student 2
 
3.1% Unemployed 2
 
3.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
1.5% Housewife 1
 
24.6% Other 16
 

Urban / Rural

93.8% Rural 61
 
 
6.2% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

36.9% Yes 24
 
 
63.1% No 41

Prior torture

24.6% Yes 16
 
 
12.3% No 8

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

92.3% Yes 60
 
 
7.7% No 5

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

21.6% Yes 11
 
 
76.5% No 39

Witnesses to abduction

78.5% Yes 51
 
 
1.5% No 1

Victim abduction location

21.5% Friend/relative's residence 14
 
21.5% Victim’s residence 14
 
20.0% Roadside 13
 
7.7% Village fields 5
 
6.2% Checkpoint (naka) 4
 
4.6% Police station 3
 
1.5% Shop/market 1
 
9.2% Other 6
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

80.0% Yes 52
 
 
12.3% No 8

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

15.4% Denied involvement 10
 
13.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 9
 
12.3% Told family to go to another police station 8
 
10.8% Other 7
 
7.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 5
 
6.2% Gave no response 4
 
4.6% Admitted custody only 3
 
3.1% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 2
 
1.5% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.6% Yes 3
 
 
55.4% No 36

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

93.8% Extrajudicial executions 61
 
 
6.2% Enforced disappearances 4

Number of victims per family

75.4% 1 victim 49
 
16.9% 2 victims 11
 
4.6% 3 victims 3
 
3.1% 4 victims 2
 

Related incidents

3.1% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
96.9% No genuine encounters in family 63

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

18.5% Cremated the body 12
 
7.7% Dumped body in canal or river 5
 
1.5% Buried the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

12.3% Yes 8
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
81.5% No 53
 

Condition of corpse, if known

10.8% Bullet wounds 7
 
4.6% Broken bones 3
 
4.6% Bruises 3
 
4.6% Cuts/wounds 3
 
3.1% Burn marks 2
 
1.5% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

84.6% Yes 55
 
 
15.4% No 10

Security forces uniformed

92.2% Yes 47
 
 
2.0% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

89.2% Punjab Police 58
 
21.5% CRPF 14
 
1.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

92.3% Punjab police 60
 
4.6% CRPF 3
 
1.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

24.6% Combatant 16
 
 
69.2% Non-combatant 45

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

15.4% Yes 10
 
 
50.8% No 33

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.3% Yes 8
 
 
3.1% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

63.1% Yes 41
 
 
36.9% No 24

Approached security officials

47.7% Yes 31
 
 
52.3% No 34

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

27.7% Afraid of retaliation 18
 
12.3% Didn’t know what to do 8
 
10.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 7
 
7.7% Couldn’t afford 5
 

Remedies desired from government

81.5% Monetary compensation to family 53
 
67.7% Employment 44
 
50.8% Truth commission 33
 
40.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 26
 
36.9% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 24
 
20.0% Investigations into abuses 13
 
12.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 8
 
10.8% Memorial for victims 7
 
1.5% Other 1
 

Year & District  

District

92.3% Amritsar 60
 
1.5% Faridkot 1
 
3.1% Firozpur 2
 
1.5% Kapurthala 1
 
1.5% Patiala 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
1.5% 1985 1
 
3.1% 1986 2
 
6.2% 1987 4
 
9.2% 1988 6
 
7.7% 1989 5
 
12.3% 1990 8
 
13.8% 1991 9
 
24.6% 1992 16
 
15.4% 1993 10
 
3.1% 1994 2
 
1.5% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.