Valtoha

104 documented cases implicating security forces based in Valtoha:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Sawinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhoewali
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Didar Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhakna kalan
Kashmir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Rashpal Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warpal
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Hardev Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munda Pind
Patti Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Asal Uttar
Ajit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wara Thathi
Amarjit Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ram Singh Wala
Amrik Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhugian Nur Mohammad
Amrik Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rattoke
Amrik Singh Gill Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahmudpura
Angrej Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maneke Jand
Angrej Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalloke
Anoop Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhikhiwind
Anwar Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kals
Avtar Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahid
Bageecha Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sankatra
Balvir Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Dibipura
Balwant Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Balwinder Ram Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Kamboke
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Banta Singh Male, age 44-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalsian Kalan
Butta Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warnala
Charn Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Kalan
Darshan Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gajjal
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Gurdev Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khemkaran
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lakhna
Gurmej Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tut
Gursewak Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gadhaike
Harbans Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Hardial Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maneke Jand
Harpal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Kalan
Harpal Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gadhaike
Hira Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathi Jaimal Singh
Jagir Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lakhna
Jagir Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur
Jagjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rahdalke
Jagtar Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur
Jambar Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Jasbir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tut
Jasbir Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Jaspal Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhariwal
Jaswant Singh Male, age 59 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lauhka
Jatinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahmudpura
Joga Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nadohar
Kanwaljit Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhagana
Karz Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Asal Uttar
Kashmir Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhagana
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Wasawa Singh
Kuldip Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Machhike
Kulwant Singh Male, age 35-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Asal Uttar
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Laabh Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Major Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Mangata Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dholan
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhura Karimpura
Nashatar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maan
Ninder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhariwal
Nishan Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti Rural
Pala Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dholan
Pargat Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warnala
Parmjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kirtowal
Raja Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalanjar Uttar
Ranjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Rasal Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathi Jaimal Singh
Resham Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhariwal
Salwinder Singh Male, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kals
Sarabpal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarai Valtoha
Sarwan Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhai Ladhu
Satinder Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Mutsadda Singh
Satnaam Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Kals
Sawinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Asal Uttar
Shamir Singh Male, age 75-76 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dubli
Shinda Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mastgarh
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mastgarh
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mastgarh
Surinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Gurbej Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhira
Gurmej Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhira
Hardip Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buhga
Puran Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koharaka
Sadha Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buttar
Darbara Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalwala
Jagtar Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rukna Begu
Kabal Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatuwala
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Firozpur
Jalalabad Subdistrict
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madyake
Zira Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shianpari
Joginder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghuduwala
Resham Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Variah
Sukhmandir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihalke

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Jagir Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialgarh

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Bikar Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhandal Bet

Rupnagar District

S.A.S.Nagar (Mohali) Subdistrict
Jagtar Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manauli

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Valtoha:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 104
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

65.4% Not married 68
 
 
34.6% Married 36

If married, did the victim have children?

29.8% Yes 31
 
 
2.9% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 74


Religion

100.0% Sikh 104
 

Caste

70.2% Jat 73
 
 
29.8% Non-Jat 31

Age

4.8% 0-17 5
 
76.0% 18-33 79
 
15.4% 34-49 16
 
1.0% 50-64 1
 
1.0% 65+ 1
 

Education

49.0% No education 51
 
19.2% Primary school 20
 
15.4% Middle school 16
 
13.5% High school 14
 
1.9% College degree 2
 
1.0% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

56.7% Farmer/agriculture 59
 
15.4% Day labourer 16
 
3.8% Shopkeeper 4
 
2.9% Unemployed 3
 
2.9% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
2.9% Student 3
 
17.3% Other 18
 

Urban / Rural

91.3% Rural 95
 
 
6.7% Urban 7

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

39.4% Yes 41
 
 
60.6% No 63

Prior torture

29.8% Yes 31
 
 
9.6% No 10

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

83.7% Yes 87
 
 
15.4% No 16

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

16.9% Yes 12
 
 
74.6% No 53

Witnesses to abduction

68.3% Yes 71
 

Victim abduction location

23.1% Victim’s residence 24
 
21.2% Friend/relative's residence 22
 
15.4% Village fields 16
 
7.7% Roadside 8
 
1.9% Shop/market 2
 
1.0% Bus station/stand 1
 
11.5% Other 12
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

65.4% Yes 68
 
 
18.3% No 19

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.4% Denied involvement 15
 
10.6% Other 11
 
6.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 7
 
6.7% Admitted custody only 7
 
6.7% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
5.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 6
 
3.8% Gave no response 4
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.9% Yes 3
 
 
51.0% No 53

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

96.2% Extrajudicial executions 100
 
 
3.8% Enforced disappearances 4

Number of victims per family

75.0% 1 victim 78
 
19.2% 2 victim 20
 
5.8% 3 victim 6
 

Related incidents

3.8% Genuine encounters in family 4
 
 
95.2% No genuine encounters in family 99

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

65.4% Cremated the body 68
 
1.0% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

5.8% Yes 6
 
1.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
88.5% No 92
 

Condition of corpse, if known

12.5% Bullet wounds 13
 
6.7% Other 7
 
4.8% Broken bones 5
 
4.8% Cuts/wounds 5
 
1.9% Bruises 2
 
1.9% Burn marks 2
 
1.9% Missing fingernails 2
 
1.9% Missing hair from head or face 2
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

62.5% Yes 65
 
 
26.0% No 27

Security forces uniformed

95.8% Yes 68
 
 
1.4% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

79.8% Punjab Police 83
 
13.5% CRPF 14
 
4.8% Other 5
 
3.8% Black cat 4
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

96.2% Punjab police 100
 
11.5% CRPF 12
 
1.0% Army 1
 
1.0% BSF 1
 
1.0% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.4% Combatant 42
 
 
57.7% Non-combatant 60

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

11.5% Yes 12
 
 
44.2% No 46

If provided support, support was voluntary

6.7% Yes 7
 
 
2.9% No 3

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

63.5% Yes 66
 
 
34.6% No 36

Approached security officials

44.2% Yes 46
 
 
53.8% No 56

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

27.9% Afraid of retaliation 29
 
13.5% Didn’t know what to do 14
 
6.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 7
 
2.9% Couldn’t afford 3
 
1.0% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

76.0% Monetary compensation to family 79
 
64.4% Employment 67
 
42.3% Truth commission 44
 
31.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 33
 
30.8% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 32
 
17.3% Investigations into abuses 18
 
11.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 12
 
7.7% Memorial for victims 8
 
1.9% Other 2
 

Year & District 

District

85.6% Amritsar 89
 
9.6% Firozpur 10
 
1.0% Gurdaspur 1
 
1.0% Kapurthala 1
 
1.0% Rupnagar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
1.9% 1986 2
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
2.9% 1988 3
 
10.6% 1989 11
 
13.5% 1990 14
 
24.0% 1991 25
 
31.7% 1992 33
 
7.7% 1993 8
 
2.9% 1994 3
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
1.0% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
3.8% Date Unknown 4
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.