Kairon

30 documented cases implicating security forces based in Kairon:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Harinder Singh Male, age 44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Motla
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Manjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tanda
Patti Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Amrik Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Baldev Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jand
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Harjinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Kulwant Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Mohinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 40-41 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhariwal
Resham Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jand
Satnam Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Mandan Kalan
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahid
Taar Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Tarsem Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Mandan
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koharaka
Gulzar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kambo
Gurdev Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gulalipur
Harjinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, Jawanda Kalan
Nirwail Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Walipur
Sarwan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jawanda Kalan
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura
Swaran Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sanghe

Firozpur District

Jalalabad Subdistrict
Kashmir Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madyake

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Bikar Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhandal Bet
Pargat Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mugal Chak

Location Withheld

Pargat Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Delhi

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Kairon:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 30
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

53.3% Not married 16
 
 
46.7% Married 14

If married, did the victim have children?

36.7% Yes 11
 


Total children surviving victims: 26


Religion

100.0% Sikh 30
 

Caste

76.7% Jat 23
 
 
23.3% Non-Jat 7

Age

86.7% 18-33 26
 
13.3% 34-49 4
 

Education

30.0% No education 9
 
16.7% Primary school 5
 
16.7% Middle school 5
 
33.3% High school 10
 
3.3% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

56.7% Farmer/agriculture 17
 
13.3% Day labourer 4
 
3.3% Unemployed 1
 
3.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
30.0% Other 9
 

Urban / Rural

96.7% Rural 29
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

36.7% Yes 11
 
 
63.3% No 19

Prior torture

26.7% Yes 8
 
 
10.0% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

96.7% Yes 29
 
 
3.3% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

17.4% Yes 4
 
 
91.3% No 21

Witnesses to abduction

76.7% Yes 23
 

Victim abduction location

33.3% Victim’s residence 10
 
13.3% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
10.0% Roadside 3
 
3.3% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
3.3% Police station 1
 
3.3% Bus station/stand 1
 
3.3% Village fields 1
 
23.3% Other 7
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

86.7% Yes 26
 
 
10.0% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

13.3% Admitted custody only 4
 
10.0% Other 3
 
6.7% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
6.7% Denied involvement 2
 
3.3% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
3.3% Gave no response 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
83.3% No 25

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

96.7% Extrajudicial executions 29
 
 
3.3% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

80.0% 1 victim 24
 
16.7% 2 victim 5
 
3.3% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

3.3% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
96.7% No genuine encounters in family 29

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

63.3% Cremated the body 19
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
96.7% No 29
 

Condition of corpse, if known

3.3% Burn marks 1
 
3.3% Cuts/wounds 1
 
3.3% Broken bones 1
 
3.3% Bruises 1
 
3.3% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

66.7% Yes 20
 
 
26.7% No 8

Security forces uniformed

104.3% Yes 24
 
 
4.3% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

93.3% Punjab Police 28
 
10.0% CRPF 3
 
3.3% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

96.7% Punjab police 29
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

16.7% Combatant 5
 
 
80.0% Non-combatant 24

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

33.3% Yes 10
 
 
43.3% No 13

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.0% Yes 3
 
 
20.0% No 6

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

63.3% Yes 19
 
 
36.7% No 11

Approached security officials

36.7% Yes 11
 
 
63.3% No 19

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

36.7% Afraid of retaliation 11
 
10.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
6.7% Couldn’t afford 2
 
3.3% Didn’t know what to do 1
 

Remedies desired from government

86.7% Monetary compensation to family 26
 
70.0% Employment 21
 
33.3% Truth commission 10
 
30.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 9
 
26.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 8
 
16.7% Investigations into abuses 5
 
6.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 
6.7% Other 2
 
3.3% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

86.7% Amritsar 26
 
3.3% Firozpur 1
 
6.7% Kapurthala 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
3.3% 1988 1
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
6.7% 1991 2
 
43.3% 1992 13
 
33.3% 1993 10
 
10.0% 1994 3
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
3.3% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.