Harike

51 documented cases implicating security forces based in Harike:


Amritsar District

Amritsar II Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Sukhcharanjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manawala Khurd
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jallupur Khera
Santokh Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaspal
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Kewal Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehpur Badesha
Sarwan Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chamba Khurd
Patti Subdistrict
Ajaib Singh Male, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thakarpura
Avtar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Marrar
Bachitar Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Wind
Balbir Singh Male, age 38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sito Nauabad
Gurdev Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harike
Gurmej Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tut
Hira Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathian
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Wasawa Singh
Mangal Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gajjal
Mohinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Mohinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chakwalia
Natha Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Sobha Singh
Ruldu Deen Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panghri
Satnaam Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jand
Satnam Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chakwalia
Sudh Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathupur Toda
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bua
Sukwinder Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathian
Veer Singh Male, age 45-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harike
Virsa Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Yadwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harike
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 45-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ruriwala
Balbir Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Baldev Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chamba Kalan
Bikkar Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gandiwind
Jarnail Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dedehar Sahib
Kulwant Singh Male, age 24-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gandiwind
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Nirmal Singh Male, age 12 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhattal
Pargat Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chamba Kalan
Ram Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gandiwind
Sadha Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian
Sarabjeet Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian
Shamsher Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal

Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Balveer Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode Jallewala
Sawaran Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sabrah
Shamsher Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pheroke
Subheg Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Churian

Kapurthala District

Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Derasaidan

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Karam Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manuke

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 70-75 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Harike:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 51
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

60.8% Not married 31
 
 
37.3% Married 19

If married, did the victim have children?

35.3% Yes 18
 
 
2.0% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 54


Religion

98.0% Sikh 50
 
 
2.0% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

72.5% Jat 37
 
 
27.5% Non-Jat 14

Age

2.0% 0-17 1
 
74.5% 18-33 38
 
17.6% 34-49 9
 
2.0% 65+ 1
 

Education

37.3% No education 19
 
19.6% Primary school 10
 
15.7% Middle school 8
 
23.5% High school 12
 
3.9% College degree 2
 

Employment

43.1% Farmer/agriculture 22
 
15.7% Day labourer 8
 
7.8% Unemployed 4
 
5.9% Student 3
 
3.9% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
2.0% Carpenter 1
 
2.0% Shopkeeper 1
 
25.5% Other 13
 

Urban / Rural

88.2% Rural 45
 
 
2.0% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

29.4% Yes 15
 
 
70.6% No 36

Prior torture

21.6% Yes 11
 
 
7.8% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

80.4% Yes 41
 
 
19.6% No 10

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

18.2% Yes 6
 
 
69.7% No 23

Witnesses to abduction

64.7% Yes 33
 
 
3.9% No 2

Victim abduction location

23.5% Victim’s residence 12
 
13.7% Roadside 7
 
11.8% Village fields 6
 
5.9% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
3.9% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
2.0% Shop/market 1
 
13.7% Other 7
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

56.9% Yes 29
 
 
23.5% No 12

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

17.6% Other 9
 
11.8% Gave no response 6
 
7.8% Admitted custody only 4
 
5.9% Denied involvement 3
 
3.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
3.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
3.9% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
2.0% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.0% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 
2.0% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
52.9% No 27

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 51
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

82.4% 1 victim 42
 
15.7% 2 victim 8
 
2.0% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

7.8% Genuine encounters in family 4
 
 
92.2% No genuine encounters in family 47

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

43.1% Cremated the body 22
 
5.9% Dumped body in canal or river 3
 

Security forces returned body

11.8% Yes 6
 
2.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
86.3% No 44
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.8% Bullet wounds 5
 
3.9% Broken bones 2
 
2.0% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

70.6% Yes 36
 
 
21.6% No 11

Security forces uniformed

93.9% Yes 31
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

72.5% Punjab Police 37
 
11.8% CRPF 6
 
2.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 51
 
9.8% CRPF 5
 
3.9% Black cat 2
 
2.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

37.3% Combatant 19
 
 
54.9% Non-combatant 28

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

7.8% Yes 4
 
 
43.1% No 22

If provided support, support was voluntary

3.9% Yes 2
 
 
2.0% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

39.2% Yes 20
 
 
58.8% No 30

Approached security officials

43.1% Yes 22
 
 
56.9% No 29

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

41.2% Afraid of retaliation 21
 
25.5% Didn’t know what to do 13
 
15.7% Couldn’t afford 8
 
7.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 4
 
3.9% Not applicable 2
 

Remedies desired from government

72.5% Monetary compensation to family 37
 
70.6% Employment 36
 
49.0% Truth commission 25
 
33.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 17
 
27.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 14
 
17.6% Rehabilitation services to family members 9
 
13.7% Investigations into abuses 7
 
5.9% Desire nothing from government 3
 
3.9% Other 2
 
2.0% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

78.4% Amritsar 40
 
7.8% Firozpur 4
 
2.0% Kapurthala 1
 
2.0% Ludhiana 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.0% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.0% 1986 1
 
9.8% 1987 5
 
7.8% 1988 4
 
7.8% 1989 4
 
3.9% 1990 2
 
13.7% 1991 7
 
43.1% 1992 22
 
5.9% 1993 3
 
2.0% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
2.0% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.