Verowal

72 documented cases implicating security forces based in Verowal:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Harjit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bundala
Maya Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balia Manjpur
Ranjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhilowal
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Guru
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Dilraj Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khapar Kheri
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 20-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chheharta Sahib
Surmukh Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Miran Kot Kalan
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Amlok Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lola
Balbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jabbowal
Dalbir Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhapianwali
Harjit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khalchian
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Waring
Balkar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Nagoke
Balwant Singh Male, age 60 at time of disappearance, Khadur Sahib
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kuri Wallah
Balwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uppal
Chirmal Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarai Talwandi
Dharam Singh Male, age 28-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vain Poin
Dharm Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jawandpur
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 40-41 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Sohal
Gurmej Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vain Poin
Gurmej Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mian Wind
Gurmej Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Harjeet Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khakh
Harjinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Waring
Jagir Kaur Female, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur
Joginder Singh Sabba Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tur
Karam Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jawandpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Verowal
Mangal Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke
Manjinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Chak Kare Khan
Nirmal Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke
Nirmal Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khan Chhabri
Parmjit Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Khadur Sahib
Rashpal Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of disappearance, Waring
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke
Sardool Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Sukhraj Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of disappearance, Gagrewal
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lohar
Surjit Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Tarsem Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Butta Singh Male, age 63 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bath Khurd
Guljar Singh Male, age 37-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Gurbir Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiobala
Harphool Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Manjit Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bath Khurd
Mohinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Pannuan
Piara Singh Male, age 50-59 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Rupinderjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarn Taran
Sahib Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjwar Kalan
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raniwala

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Jatinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of disappearance, Buche Nangal

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Harjap Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chukhiara
Onkar Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaki Pind
Rajbir Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaki Pind
Ravinder Kaur Female, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kaki Pind
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaki Pind

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurmeet Kaur Female, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 10-11 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Swaran Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Budha Theh

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Santokh Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uttar Pradesh

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Verowal:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.8% Male 69
 
 
4.2% Female 3

Marital status

55.6% Not married 40
 
 
44.4% Married 32

If married, did the victim have children?

38.9% Yes 28
 
 
5.6% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 86


Religion

100.0% Sikh 72
 

Caste

70.8% Jat 51
 
 
29.2% Non-Jat 21

Age

9.7% 0-17 7
 
62.5% 18-33 45
 
11.1% 34-49 8
 
9.7% 50-64 7
 
2.8% 65+ 2
 

Education

23.6% No education 17
 
19.4% Primary school 14
 
19.4% Middle school 14
 
30.6% High school 22
 
5.6% College degree 4
 
1.4% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

26.4% Farmer/agriculture 19
 
25.0% Day labourer 18
 
15.3% Student 11
 
5.6% Unemployed 4
 
5.6% Shopkeeper 4
 
4.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
2.8% Housewife 2
 
20.8% Other 15
 

Urban / Rural

87.5% Rural 63
 
 
8.3% Urban 6

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

34.7% Yes 25
 
 
63.9% No 46

Prior torture

23.6% Yes 17
 
 
11.1% No 8

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

97.2% Yes 70
 
 
2.8% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

23.7% Yes 14
 
 
69.5% No 41

Witnesses to abduction

81.9% Yes 59
 
 
4.2% No 3

Victim abduction location

33.3% Victim’s residence 24
 
20.8% Friend/relative's residence 15
 
13.9% Roadside 10
 
5.6% Village fields 4
 
1.4% Police station 1
 
1.4% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
1.4% Shop/market 1
 
18.1% Other 13
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

72.2% Yes 52
 
 
25.0% No 18

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

31.9% Denied involvement 23
 
16.7% Other 12
 
15.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 11
 
15.3% Told family to go to another police station 11
 
5.6% Admitted custody only 4
 
4.2% Gave no response 3
 
2.8% Victim had escaped 2
 
1.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
1.4% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.2% Yes 3
 
 
69.4% No 50

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.7% Extrajudicial executions 61
 
 
15.3% Enforced disappearances 11

Number of victims per family

68.1% 1 victim 49
 
16.7% 2 victim 12
 
8.3% 3 victim 6
 
6.9% 7 victim 5
 

Related incidents

4.2% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
94.4% No genuine encounters in family 68

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

27.8% Cremated the body 20
 
5.6% Dumped body in canal or river 4
 

Security forces returned body

2.8% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
81.9% No 59
 

Condition of corpse, if known

4.2% Bullet wounds 3
 
1.4% Other 1
 
1.4% Broken bones 1
 
1.4% Missing fingernails 1
 
1.4% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

70.8% Yes 51
 
 
22.2% No 16

Security forces uniformed

91.5% Yes 54
 
 
3.4% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

93.1% Punjab Police 67
 
12.5% CRPF 9
 
2.8% Army 2
 
2.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
1.4% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.6% Punjab police 58
 
5.6% CRPF 4
 
1.4% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

27.8% Combatant 20
 
 
70.8% Non-combatant 51

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

31.9% Yes 23
 
 
36.1% No 26

If provided support, support was voluntary

19.4% Yes 14
 
 
12.5% No 9

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

65.3% Yes 47
 
 
33.3% No 24

Approached security officials

56.9% Yes 41
 
 
43.1% No 31

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

26.4% Afraid of retaliation 19
 
6.9% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 
4.2% Not applicable 3
 
4.2% Couldn’t afford 3
 
2.8% Didn’t know what to do 2
 

Remedies desired from government

77.8% Monetary compensation to family 56
 
68.1% Employment 49
 
58.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 42
 
54.2% Truth commission 39
 
51.4% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 37
 
30.6% Investigations into abuses 22
 
16.7% Memorial for victims 12
 
13.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 10
 
2.8% Other 2
 

Year & District 

District

79.2% Amritsar 57
 
2.8% Gurdaspur 2
 
6.9% Jalandhar 5
 
6.9% Kapurthala 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
11.1% 1987 8
 
5.6% 1988 4
 
4.2% 1989 3
 
1.4% 1990 1
 
9.7% 1991 7
 
31.9% 1992 23
 
29.2% 1993 21
 
2.8% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.2% Date Unknown 3
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.