Verowal

74 documented cases implicating security forces based in Verowal:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Harjit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bundala
Maya Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balia Manjpur
Ranjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhilowal
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Guru
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Dilraj Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khapar Kheri
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 20-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chheharta Sahib
Surmukh Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Miran Kot Kalan Baba Tehal Singh Nagar
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Amlok Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lola
Balbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jabbowal
Dalbir Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhapianwali
Harjit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khalchian
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Anokh Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Waring
Balkar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Nagoke
Balwant Singh Male, age 60 at time of disappearance, Khadur Sahib
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kuri Wallah
Balwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uppal
Chirmal Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarai Talwandi
Dharam Singh Male, age 28-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vain Poin
Dharm Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jawandpur
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 40-41 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Sohal
Gurmej Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mian Wind
Gurmej Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vain Poin
Gurmej Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Harjeet Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khakh
Harjinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Waring
Jagir Kaur Female, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur
Joginder Singh Sabba Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tur
Karam Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jawandpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Verowal
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jallala Bad
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Jallala Bad
Mangal Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke
Manjinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Chak Kare Khan
Nirmal Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke
Nirmal Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khan Chhabri
Parmjit Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Khadur Sahib
Rashpal Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of disappearance, Waring
Rupinder Jeet Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kang
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nagoke
Sardool Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Sukhraj Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of disappearance, Gagrewal
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lohar
Surjit Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Tarsem Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Butta Singh Male, age 63 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bath Khurd
Guljar Singh Male, age 37-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Gurbir Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhabal Kalan
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiobala
Harphool Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Manjit Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bath Khurd
Mohinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Pannuan
Piara Singh Male, age 50-59 at time of disappearance, Jiobala
Rupinderjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarn Taran
Sahib Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raniwala
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjwar Kalan

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Jatinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of disappearance, Buche Nangal

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Harjap Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chukhiara
Onkar Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaki Pind
Rajbir Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaki Pind
Ravinder Kaur Female, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kaki Pind
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaki Pind

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurmeet Kaur Female, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 10-11 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Swaran Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Budha Theh

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Santokh Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uttar Pradesh

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Verowal:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.9% Male 71
 
 
4.1% Female 3

Marital status

56.8% Not married 42
 
 
43.2% Married 32

If married, did the victim have children?

37.8% Yes 28
 
 
5.4% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 86


Religion

100.0% Sikh 74
 

Caste

71.6% Jat 53
 
 
28.4% Non-Jat 21

Age

9.5% 0-17 7
 
63.5% 18-33 47
 
10.8% 34-49 8
 
9.5% 50-64 7
 
2.7% 65+ 2
 

Education

23.0% No education 17
 
18.9% Primary school 14
 
20.3% Middle school 15
 
29.7% High school 22
 
5.4% College degree 4
 
2.7% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

27.0% Farmer/agriculture 20
 
24.3% Day labourer 18
 
14.9% Student 11
 
5.4% Unemployed 4
 
5.4% Shopkeeper 4
 
4.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
2.7% Housewife 2
 
21.6% Other 16
 

Urban / Rural

89.2% Rural 66
 
 
8.1% Urban 6

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

35.1% Yes 26
 
 
63.5% No 47

Prior torture

24.3% Yes 18
 
 
10.8% No 8

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

97.3% Yes 72
 
 
2.7% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

24.6% Yes 15
 
 
68.9% No 42

Witnesses to abduction

82.4% Yes 61
 
 
4.1% No 3

Victim abduction location

32.4% Victim’s residence 24
 
21.6% Friend/relative's residence 16
 
13.5% Roadside 10
 
5.4% Village fields 4
 
1.4% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
1.4% Police station 1
 
1.4% Shop/market 1
 
18.9% Other 14
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

73.0% Yes 54
 
 
24.3% No 18

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

31.1% Denied involvement 23
 
16.2% Other 12
 
14.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 11
 
14.9% Told family to go to another police station 11
 
5.4% Gave no response 4
 
5.4% Admitted custody only 4
 
2.7% Victim had escaped 2
 
1.4% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 
1.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.1% Yes 3
 
 
68.9% No 51

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.1% Extrajudicial executions 63
 
 
14.9% Enforced disappearances 11

Number of victims per family

67.6% 1 victim 50
 
17.6% 2 victims 13
 
8.1% 3 victims 6
 
6.8% 7 victims 5
 

Related incidents

4.1% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
94.6% No genuine encounters in family 70

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

28.4% Cremated the body 21
 
5.4% Dumped body in canal or river 4
 

Security forces returned body

2.7% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
82.4% No 61
 

Condition of corpse, if known

4.1% Bullet wounds 3
 
1.4% Broken bones 1
 
1.4% Other 1
 
1.4% Missing fingernails 1
 
1.4% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

73.0% Yes 54
 
 
20.3% No 15

Security forces uniformed

90.2% Yes 55
 
 
4.9% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

93.2% Punjab Police 69
 
12.2% CRPF 9
 
2.7% Army 2
 
2.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
1.4% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

81.1% Punjab police 60
 
5.4% CRPF 4
 
1.4% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

27.0% Combatant 20
 
 
71.6% Non-combatant 53

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

32.4% Yes 24
 
 
36.5% No 27

If provided support, support was voluntary

20.3% Yes 15
 
 
12.2% No 9

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

66.2% Yes 49
 
 
32.4% No 24

Approached security officials

56.8% Yes 42
 
 
43.2% No 32

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

25.7% Afraid of retaliation 19
 
6.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 
4.1% Not applicable 3
 
4.1% Couldn’t afford 3
 
2.7% Didn’t know what to do 2
 

Remedies desired from government

77.0% Monetary compensation to family 57
 
68.9% Employment 51
 
58.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 43
 
52.7% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 39
 
52.7% Truth commission 39
 
31.1% Investigations into abuses 23
 
17.6% Memorial for victims 13
 
13.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 10
 
2.7% Other 2
 

Year & District  

District

81.1% Amritsar 60
 
2.7% Gurdaspur 2
 
6.8% Jalandhar 5
 
6.8% Kapurthala 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
10.8% 1987 8
 
5.4% 1988 4
 
4.1% 1989 3
 
1.4% 1990 1
 
10.8% 1991 8
 
32.4% 1992 24
 
28.4% 1993 21
 
2.7% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.