Baba Bakala

23 documented cases implicating security forces based in Baba Bakala:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhilowal
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pallah
Dalbeer Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pallah
Dalip Singh Male, age 58 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naranjanpur Fattuwal
Jaswant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gaggar Bhana
Kulwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhardeo
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhardeo
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naraingarh
Mangal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arjan Manga
Rana Partap Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarsikka
Sahib Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chuhangh
Satpal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tangra
Sawinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Paddey
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Sheron Nigah
Surjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhorchhi Rajputan
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Naushehra Pannuan
Dilsher Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bala Chak
Kuldip Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakka Karyala
Major Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Johal Raju Singh

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Ranjit Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhaulpur

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 39 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Jugraj Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uttar Pradesh

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Baba Bakala:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 23
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

69.6% Not married 16
 
 
30.4% Married 7

If married, did the victim have children?

21.7% Yes 5
 
 
4.3% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 15


Religion

100.0% Sikh 23
 

Caste

87.0% Jat 20
 
 
13.0% Non-Jat 3

Age

87.0% 18-33 20
 
4.3% 34-49 1
 
4.3% 50-64 1
 

Education

17.4% No education 4
 
8.7% Primary school 2
 
26.1% Middle school 6
 
34.8% High school 8
 
8.7% College degree 2
 
4.3% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

43.5% Farmer/agriculture 10
 
17.4% Shopkeeper 4
 
13.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
8.7% Student 2
 
4.3% Day labourer 1
 
17.4% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

87.0% Rural 20
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

34.8% Yes 8
 
 
65.2% No 15

Prior torture

17.4% Yes 4
 
 
17.4% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 23
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

26.7% Yes 4
 
 
100.0% No 15

Witnesses to abduction

65.2% Yes 15
 
 
8.7% No 2

Victim abduction location

17.4% Victim’s residence 4
 
17.4% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
13.0% Roadside 3
 
13.0% Village fields 3
 
8.7% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
4.3% Village drain 1
 
17.4% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

60.9% Yes 14
 
 
39.1% No 9

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

21.7% Other 5
 
13.0% Denied involvement 3
 
13.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
13.0% Admitted custody only 3
 
8.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
4.3% Gave no response 1
 
4.3% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

17.4% Yes 4
 
 
52.2% No 12

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

91.3% Extrajudicial executions 21
 
 
8.7% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

91.3% 1 victim 21
 
4.3% 2 victim 1
 
4.3% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

4.3% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
95.7% No genuine encounters in family 22

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

56.5% Cremated the body 13
 

Security forces returned body

13.0% Yes 3
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
78.3% No 18
 

Condition of corpse, if known

17.4% Bullet wounds 4
 
4.3% Bruises 1
 
4.3% Cuts/wounds 1
 
4.3% Broken bones 1
 
4.3% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
4.3% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

73.9% Yes 17
 
 
17.4% No 4

Security forces uniformed

113.3% Yes 17
 
 
20.0% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

87.0% Punjab Police 20
 
13.0% CRPF 3
 
13.0% Black cat 3
 
8.7% Army 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

87.0% Punjab police 20
 
4.3% CRPF 1
 
4.3% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

30.4% Combatant 7
 
 
56.5% Non-combatant 13

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

26.1% Yes 6
 
 
26.1% No 6

If provided support, support was voluntary

17.4% Yes 4
 
 
4.3% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

56.5% Yes 13
 
 
43.5% No 10

Approached security officials

52.2% Yes 12
 
 
47.8% No 11

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

34.8% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
13.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
4.3% Not applicable 1
 
4.3% Didn’t know what to do 1
 

Remedies desired from government

65.2% Monetary compensation to family 15
 
56.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 13
 
43.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 10
 
34.8% Employment 8
 
30.4% Truth commission 7
 
21.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 5
 
8.7% Investigations into abuses 2
 
8.7% Desire nothing from government 2
 
4.3% Memorial for victims 1
 
4.3% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

82.6% Amritsar 19
 
4.3% Gurdaspur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
8.7% 1986 2
 
4.3% 1987 1
 
8.7% 1988 2
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
26.1% 1991 6
 
39.1% 1992 9
 
4.3% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
4.3% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.3% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.