Baba Bakala

20 documented cases implicating security forces based in Baba Bakala:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhilowal
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Dalip Singh Male, age 58 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naranjanpur Fattuwal
Jaswant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gaggar Bhana
Kulwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhardeo
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhardeo
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naraingarh
Mangal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arjan Manga
Rana Partap Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarsikka
Satpal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tangra
Sawinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Paddey
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Sheron Nigah
Surjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhorchhi Rajputan
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Naushehra Pannuan
Dilsher Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bala Chak
Kuldip Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakka Karyala
Major Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Johal Raju Singh

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Ranjit Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhaulpur

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 39 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Jugraj Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uttar Pradesh

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Baba Bakala:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 20
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

70.0% Not married 14
 
 
30.0% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

25.0% Yes 5
 


Total children surviving victims: 15


Religion

100.0% Sikh 20
 

Caste

85.0% Jat 17
 
 
15.0% Non-Jat 3

Age

85.0% 18-33 17
 
5.0% 34-49 1
 
5.0% 50-64 1
 

Education

20.0% No education 4
 
10.0% Primary school 2
 
25.0% Middle school 5
 
30.0% High school 6
 
10.0% College degree 2
 
5.0% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

45.0% Farmer/agriculture 9
 
20.0% Shopkeeper 4
 
10.0% Student 2
 
10.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
5.0% Day labourer 1
 
15.0% Other 3
 

Urban / Rural

85.0% Rural 17
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

40.0% Yes 8
 
 
60.0% No 12

Prior torture

20.0% Yes 4
 
 
20.0% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 20
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

26.7% Yes 4
 
 
80.0% No 12

Witnesses to abduction

75.0% Yes 15
 
 
5.0% No 1

Victim abduction location

20.0% Victim’s residence 4
 
15.0% Village fields 3
 
15.0% Roadside 3
 
10.0% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
10.0% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
5.0% Village drain 1
 
15.0% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

55.0% Yes 11
 
 
45.0% No 9

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

25.0% Other 5
 
15.0% Denied involvement 3
 
15.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
10.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
10.0% Admitted custody only 2
 
5.0% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
5.0% Gave no response 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

5.0% Yes 1
 
 
60.0% No 12

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.0% Extrajudicial executions 18
 
 
10.0% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

90.0% 1 victim 18
 
5.0% 2 victim 1
 
5.0% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

5.0% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
95.0% No genuine encounters in family 19

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

50.0% Cremated the body 10
 

Security forces returned body

15.0% Yes 3
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
75.0% No 15
 

Condition of corpse, if known

20.0% Bullet wounds 4
 
5.0% Other 1
 
5.0% Bruises 1
 
5.0% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
5.0% Broken bones 1
 
5.0% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

70.0% Yes 14
 
 
20.0% No 4

Security forces uniformed

93.3% Yes 14
 
 
20.0% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

85.0% Punjab Police 17
 
15.0% Black cat 3
 
15.0% CRPF 3
 
10.0% Army 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.0% Punjab police 16
 
5.0% Army 1
 
5.0% CRPF 1
 
5.0% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

30.0% Combatant 6
 
 
60.0% Non-combatant 12

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

30.0% Yes 6
 
 
25.0% No 5

If provided support, support was voluntary

20.0% Yes 4
 
 
5.0% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

50.0% Yes 10
 
 
50.0% No 10

Approached security officials

55.0% Yes 11
 
 
45.0% No 9

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

40.0% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
15.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
5.0% Didn’t know what to do 1
 
5.0% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

60.0% Monetary compensation to family 12
 
55.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 11
 
40.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 8
 
35.0% Employment 7
 
30.0% Truth commission 6
 
15.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
10.0% Desire nothing from government 2
 
10.0% Investigations into abuses 2
 
5.0% Other 1
 
5.0% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

80.0% Amritsar 16
 
5.0% Gurdaspur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
10.0% 1986 2
 
5.0% 1987 1
 
10.0% 1988 2
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
30.0% 1991 6
 
30.0% 1992 6
 
5.0% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
5.0% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
5.0% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.