Sohana

5 documented cases implicating security forces based in Sohana:


Fatehgarh Sahib District

Bassi Pathana Subdistrict
Santokh Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdudan

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Majal Khurd
Nishan Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saifdipur

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Bharpur Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakrali

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Sohana:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 5
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

60.0% Not married 3
 
 
40.0% Married 2

If married, did the victim have children?

40.0% Yes 2
 


Total children surviving victims: 2


Religion

100.0% Sikh 5
 

Caste

60.0% Jat 3
 
 
40.0% Non-Jat 2

Age

100.0% 18-33 5
 

Education

20.0% Middle school 1
 
60.0% High school 3
 
20.0% Some college 1
 

Employment

60.0% Farmer/agriculture 3
 
40.0% Student 2
 
20.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 

Urban / Rural

80.0% Rural 4
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

40.0% Yes 2
 
 
60.0% No 3

Prior torture

40.0% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
50.0% No 2

Witnesses to abduction

80.0% Yes 4
 
 
20.0% No 1

Victim abduction location

40.0% Bus station/stand 2
 
20.0% Victim’s residence 1
 
20.0% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
20.0% Shop/market 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

40.0% Yes 2
 
 
60.0% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.0% Gave no response 1
 
20.0% Victim had escaped 1
 
20.0% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

20.0% Yes 1
 
 
80.0% No 4

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 5
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

80.0% 1 victim 4
 
20.0% 2 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 5

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

80.0% Cremated the body 4
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
100.0% No 5
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

60.0% Yes 3
 
 
40.0% No 2

Security forces uniformed

50.0% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 5
 
40.0% CRPF 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 5
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

60.0% Combatant 3
 
 
40.0% Non-combatant 2

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

20.0% Yes 1
 
 
20.0% No 1

If provided support, support was voluntary

20.0% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

40.0% Yes 2
 
 
60.0% No 3

Approached security officials

60.0% Yes 3
 
 
20.0% No 1

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

60.0% Afraid of retaliation 3
 
20.0% Didn’t know what to do 1
 
20.0% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

100.0% Monetary compensation to family 5
 
80.0% Employment 4
 
80.0% Truth commission 4
 
60.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 3
 
60.0% Memorial for victims 3
 
40.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 2
 
20.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 
20.0% Investigations into abuses 1
 

Year & District 

District

20.0% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
40.0% Patiala 2
 
20.0% Rupnagar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
40.0% 1991 2
 
40.0% 1992 2
 
20.0% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.