Dehlon

42 documented cases implicating security forces based in Dehlon:


Amritsar District

Patti Subdistrict
Harjit Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Valtoha

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Fateh Singhwala

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramuwala

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Bhag Singh Male, age 52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chachrari
Paramjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian
Pawandeep Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Amritpal Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lehra
Bhagwant Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of disappearance, Butahri
Dalbara Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalak
Davinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Lehra
Hardeep Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rangian
Harmesh Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lehra
Jaswant Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butahri
Katar Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dehlon
Ranjit Singh Male, age 70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhandaran
Shamsher Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalak
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gill
Hardeep Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Latala
Harjinder Kaur Female, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Latala
Jagmail Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 57-58 at time of extrajudicial execution, Narangwal
Payal Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gidri
Bachittar Singh Kala Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hans
Baldev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghudani Kalan
Darshan Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hans
Harjit Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rara
Jasvir Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maksudra
Kulwant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Balaspur
Raikot Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rachhin
Charnjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Halwara
Gurdev Singh Male, age 48-49 at time of extrajudicial execution, Leel
Hakam Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Halwara
Jaipal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rachhin
Manmohan Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghuman

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 27-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dala

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Manjit Kaur Female, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ladda
Malerkotla Subdistrict
Basant Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manvi
Guzar Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of disappearance, Ahmadpur
Hakam Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Kalan
Ranjit Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ahmedgarh

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Dehlon:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.2% Male 40
 
 
4.8% Female 2

Marital status

61.9% Not married 26
 
 
38.1% Married 16

If married, did the victim have children?

33.3% Yes 14
 
 
4.8% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 40


Religion

100.0% Sikh 42
 

Caste

66.7% Jat 28
 
 
33.3% Non-Jat 14

Age

73.8% 18-33 31
 
9.5% 34-49 4
 
7.1% 50-64 3
 
2.4% 65+ 1
 

Education

14.3% No education 6
 
23.8% Primary school 10
 
9.5% Middle school 4
 
33.3% High school 14
 
2.4% Some college 1
 
4.8% College degree 2
 
4.8% Graduate degree 2
 
4.8% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

28.6% Farmer/agriculture 12
 
16.7% Day labourer 7
 
14.3% Student 6
 
4.8% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
4.8% Mechanic 2
 
4.8% Housewife 2
 
2.4% Unemployed 1
 
2.4% Carpenter 1
 
26.2% Other 11
 

Urban / Rural

92.9% Rural 39
 
 
2.4% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

52.4% Yes 22
 
 
45.2% No 19

Prior torture

40.5% Yes 17
 
 
11.9% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

81.0% Yes 34
 
 
19.0% No 8

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

22.7% Yes 5
 
 
81.8% No 18

Witnesses to abduction

52.4% Yes 22
 
 
11.9% No 5

Victim abduction location

23.8% Victim’s residence 10
 
16.7% Roadside 7
 
9.5% Village fields 4
 
4.8% Bus station/stand 2
 
4.8% Police station 2
 
2.4% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
2.4% Village drain 1
 
9.5% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

52.4% Yes 22
 
 
28.6% No 12

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

11.9% Denied involvement 5
 
9.5% Other 4
 
9.5% Gave no response 4
 
2.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
2.4% Admitted custody only 1
 
2.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.4% Yes 1
 
 
69.0% No 29

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.7% Extrajudicial executions 36
 
 
14.3% Enforced disappearances 6

Number of victims per family

76.2% 1 victim 32
 
23.8% 2 victims 10
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 42

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

16.7% Cremated the body 7
 
2.4% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

19.0% Yes 8
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
66.7% No 28
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.1% Broken bones 3
 
4.8% Other 2
 
2.4% Bruises 1
 
2.4% Bullet wounds 1
 
2.4% Cuts/wounds 1
 
2.4% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

76.2% Yes 32
 
 
11.9% No 5

Security forces uniformed

113.6% Yes 25
 
 
4.5% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

81.0% Punjab Police 34
 
7.1% CRPF 3
 
2.4% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

83.3% Punjab police 35
 
2.4% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.5% Combatant 17
 
 
57.1% Non-combatant 24

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

7.1% Yes 3
 
 
45.2% No 19

If provided support, support was voluntary

7.1% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.4% Yes 9
 
 
78.6% No 33

Approached security officials

35.7% Yes 15
 
 
64.3% No 27

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

52.4% Afraid of retaliation 22
 
16.7% Couldn’t afford 7
 
14.3% Didn’t know what to do 6
 
7.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
4.8% Not applicable 2
 
4.8% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

73.8% Truth commission 31
 
61.9% Monetary compensation to family 26
 
57.1% Employment 24
 
47.6% Investigations into abuses 20
 
40.5% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 17
 
28.6% Rehabilitation services to family members 12
 
26.2% Memorial for victims 11
 
26.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 11
 
7.1% Desire nothing from government 3
 
4.8% Other 2
 

Time & Place  

District

2.4% Amritsar 1
 
2.4% Bathinda 1
 
2.4% Faridkot 1
 
73.8% Ludhiana 31
 
2.4% Moga 1
 
11.9% Sangrur 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
2.4% 1983 1
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
2.4% 1988 1
 
16.7% 1989 7
 
2.4% 1990 1
 
11.9% 1991 5
 
31.0% 1992 13
 
7.1% 1993 3
 
2.4% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
4.8% 1996 2
 
2.4% 1997 1
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
2.4% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.