Dehlon

43 documented cases implicating security forces based in Dehlon:


Amritsar District

Patti Subdistrict
Harjit Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Valtoha

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Fateh Singhwala

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramuwala

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Bhag Singh Male, age 52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chachrari
Paramjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian
Pawandeep Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Amritpal Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lehra
Bhagwant Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of disappearance, Butahri
Dalbara Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalak
Davinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Lehra
Hardeep Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rangian
Harmesh Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lehra
Jaswant Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butahri
Katar Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dehlon
Ranjit Singh Male, age 70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhandaran
Shamsher Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalak
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gill
Hardeep Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Latala
Harjinder Kaur Female, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Latala
Jagmail Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 57-58 at time of extrajudicial execution, Narangwal
Payal Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gidri
Bachittar Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hans
Baldev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghudani Kalan
Darshan Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hans
Harjit Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rara
Jasvir Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maksudra
Kulwant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Balaspur
Sarabjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhathal
Raikot Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rachhin
Charnjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Halwara
Gurdev Singh Male, age 48-49 at time of extrajudicial execution, Leel
Hakam Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Halwara
Jaipal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rachhin
Manmohan Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghuman

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 27-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dala

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Manjit Kaur Female, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ladda
Malerkotla Subdistrict
Basant Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manvi
Gulzar Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of disappearance, Ahmadpur
Hakam Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Kalan
Ranjit Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ahmedgarh

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Dehlon:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

95.3% Male 41
 
 
4.7% Female 2

Marital status

62.8% Not married 27
 
 
37.2% Married 16

If married, did the victim have children?

32.6% Yes 14
 
 
4.7% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 40


Religion

100.0% Sikh 43
 

Caste

67.4% Jat 29
 
 
32.6% Non-Jat 14

Age

74.4% 18-33 32
 
9.3% 34-49 4
 
7.0% 50-64 3
 
2.3% 65+ 1
 

Education

14.0% No education 6
 
23.3% Primary school 10
 
9.3% Middle school 4
 
34.9% High school 15
 
2.3% Some college 1
 
4.7% College degree 2
 
4.7% Graduate degree 2
 
4.7% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

27.9% Farmer/agriculture 12
 
16.3% Day labourer 7
 
14.0% Student 6
 
7.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
4.7% Mechanic 2
 
4.7% Housewife 2
 
2.3% Carpenter 1
 
2.3% Unemployed 1
 
25.6% Other 11
 

Urban / Rural

93.0% Rural 40
 
 
2.3% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

53.5% Yes 23
 
 
44.2% No 19

Prior torture

41.9% Yes 18
 
 
11.6% No 5

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.1% Yes 34
 
 
20.9% No 9

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

22.7% Yes 5
 
 
81.8% No 18

Witnesses to abduction

51.2% Yes 22
 
 
11.6% No 5

Victim abduction location

23.3% Victim’s residence 10
 
16.3% Roadside 7
 
9.3% Village fields 4
 
4.7% Bus station/stand 2
 
4.7% Police station 2
 
2.3% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
2.3% Village drain 1
 
9.3% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

51.2% Yes 22
 
 
27.9% No 12

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

11.6% Denied involvement 5
 
9.3% Gave no response 4
 
9.3% Other 4
 
2.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
2.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
2.3% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.3% Yes 1
 
 
67.4% No 29

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

86.0% Extrajudicial executions 37
 
 
14.0% Enforced disappearances 6

Number of victims per family

76.7% 1 victim 33
 
23.3% 2 victim 10
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 43

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

16.3% Cremated the body 7
 
2.3% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

20.9% Yes 9
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
65.1% No 28
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.3% Broken bones 4
 
4.7% Bruises 2
 
4.7% Cuts/wounds 2
 
4.7% Other 2
 
2.3% Bullet wounds 1
 
2.3% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

72.1% Yes 31
 
 
14.0% No 6

Security forces uniformed

113.6% Yes 25
 
 
4.5% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

79.1% Punjab Police 34
 
7.0% CRPF 3
 
4.7% Black cat 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

86.0% Punjab police 37
 
2.3% CRPF 1
 
2.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
2.3% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

39.5% Combatant 17
 
 
58.1% Non-combatant 25

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

9.3% Yes 4
 
 
44.2% No 19

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.3% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

20.9% Yes 9
 
 
79.1% No 34

Approached security officials

34.9% Yes 15
 
 
65.1% No 28

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

53.5% Afraid of retaliation 23
 
16.3% Couldn’t afford 7
 
14.0% Didn’t know what to do 6
 
7.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
4.7% Not applicable 2
 
4.7% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

74.4% Truth commission 32
 
60.5% Monetary compensation to family 26
 
55.8% Employment 24
 
48.8% Investigations into abuses 21
 
41.9% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 18
 
27.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 12
 
27.9% Memorial for victims 12
 
25.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 11
 
7.0% Desire nothing from government 3
 
4.7% Other 2
 

Year & District 

District

2.3% Amritsar 1
 
2.3% Bathinda 1
 
2.3% Faridkot 1
 
74.4% Ludhiana 32
 
2.3% Moga 1
 
11.6% Sangrur 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
2.3% 1983 1
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
2.3% 1988 1
 
16.3% 1989 7
 
2.3% 1990 1
 
11.6% 1991 5
 
30.2% 1992 13
 
9.3% 1993 4
 
2.3% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
4.7% 1996 2
 
2.3% 1997 1
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
2.3% 2005 1
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
14.0% Date Unknown 6
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.