Sudhar

12 documented cases implicating security forces based in Sudhar:


Fatehgarh Sahib District

Khamanon Subdistrict
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Badla

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Harbans Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Kular
Parminder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Virk
Pawandeep Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Hardeep Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Latala
Harjinder Kaur Female, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Latala
Jora Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Saraba
Raikot Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Halwara
Hakam Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Halwara
Heera Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Toosa
Mandeep Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Halwara

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Sudhar:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

91.7% Male 11
 
 
8.3% Female 1

Marital status

66.7% Not married 8
 
 
33.3% Married 4

If married, did the victim have children?

33.3% Yes 4
 


Total children surviving victims: 9


Religion

100.0% Sikh 12
 

Caste

50.0% Jat 6
 
 
50.0% Non-Jat 6

Age

75.0% 18-33 9
 
16.7% 34-49 2
 

Education

16.7% No education 2
 
8.3% Primary school 1
 
25.0% Middle school 3
 
41.7% High school 5
 
8.3% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

16.7% Farmer/agriculture 2
 
16.7% Day labourer 2
 
16.7% Carpenter 2
 
8.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
8.3% Student 1
 
8.3% Housewife 1
 
33.3% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

91.7% Rural 11
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

33.3% Yes 4
 
 
66.7% No 8

Prior torture

25.0% Yes 3
 
 
8.3% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

83.3% Yes 10
 
 
16.7% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

25.0% Yes 2
 
 
75.0% No 6

Witnesses to abduction

66.7% Yes 8
 

Victim abduction location

25.0% Victim’s residence 3
 
16.7% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
8.3% Roadside 1
 
8.3% Shop/market 1
 
8.3% Bus station/stand 1
 
8.3% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

50.0% Yes 6
 
 
33.3% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

25.0% Denied involvement 3
 
8.3% Gave no response 1
 
8.3% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
8.3% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
75.0% No 9

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

75.0% Extrajudicial executions 9
 
 
25.0% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

66.7% 1 victim 8
 
33.3% 2 victim 4
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 12

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

8.3% Cremated the body 1
 
8.3% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

16.7% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
58.3% No 7
 

Condition of corpse, if known

16.7% Broken bones 2
 
8.3% Bruises 1
 
8.3% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

66.7% Yes 8
 
 
25.0% No 3

Security forces uniformed

75.0% Yes 6
 
 
25.0% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

75.0% Punjab Police 9
 
8.3% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

66.7% Punjab police 8
 
8.3% CRPF 1
 
8.3% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

41.7% Combatant 5
 
 
58.3% Non-combatant 7

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
58.3% No 7

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

25.0% Yes 3
 
 
75.0% No 9

Approached security officials

50.0% Yes 6
 
 
50.0% No 6

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

58.3% Afraid of retaliation 7
 
16.7% Didn’t know what to do 2
 
8.3% Not applicable 1
 
8.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

83.3% Truth commission 10
 
66.7% Monetary compensation to family 8
 
66.7% Investigations into abuses 8
 
58.3% Employment 7
 
41.7% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 5
 
33.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 4
 
33.3% Memorial for victims 4
 
16.7% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 

Year & District 

District

8.3% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
83.3% Ludhiana 10
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
8.3% 1989 1
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
16.7% 1991 2
 
50.0% 1992 6
 
8.3% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
16.7% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.