Sidhwan Bet

19 documented cases implicating security forces based in Sidhwan Bet:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Satnam Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chachowali

Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattewala

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Ajmair Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malsian Bhaike
Inderjeet Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raowal
Jatinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian
Joginder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhundri
Pal Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Salempura
Satnam Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bangsipura
Satnam Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhundri
Shember Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raowal
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gahaur
Karamjit Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mohi
Ranjit Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Talwandi Kalan
Payal Subdistrict
Tarvinder Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sirthala
Raikot Subdistrict
Rajinderpal Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Khurd

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Hakam Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadogal

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Sidhwan Bet:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 19
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

63.2% Not married 12
 
 
36.8% Married 7

If married, did the victim have children?

36.8% Yes 7
 


Total children surviving victims: 21


Religion

100.0% Sikh 19
 

Caste

57.9% Non-Jat 11
 
 
42.1% Jat 8

Age

84.2% 18-33 16
 
5.3% 34-49 1
 
5.3% 50-64 1
 

Education

42.1% No education 8
 
15.8% Primary school 3
 
21.1% Middle school 4
 
10.5% High school 2
 
5.3% Some college 1
 
5.3% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

42.1% Day labourer 8
 
36.8% Farmer/agriculture 7
 
15.8% Student 3
 
10.5% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

84.2% Rural 16
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

47.4% Yes 9
 
 
52.6% No 10

Prior torture

31.6% Yes 6
 
 
15.8% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

89.5% Yes 17
 
 
10.5% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

25.0% Yes 4
 
 
50.0% No 8

Witnesses to abduction

84.2% Yes 16
 
 
5.3% No 1

Victim abduction location

31.6% Victim’s residence 6
 
15.8% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
10.5% Police station 2
 
5.3% Village fields 1
 
5.3% Shop/market 1
 
15.8% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

63.2% Yes 12
 
 
26.3% No 5

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

10.5% Gave no response 2
 
10.5% Denied involvement 2
 
5.3% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
5.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
5.3% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
84.2% No 16

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

94.7% Extrajudicial executions 18
 
 
5.3% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

94.7% 1 victim 18
 
5.3% 2 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 19

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

15.8% Cremated the body 3
 
5.3% Dumped body in well or drain 1
 
5.3% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

15.8% Yes 3
 
5.3% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
73.7% No 14
 

Condition of corpse, if known

15.8% Bullet wounds 3
 
5.3% Bruises 1
 
5.3% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
5.3% Cuts/wounds 1
 
5.3% Burn marks 1
 
5.3% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

63.2% Yes 12
 
 
26.3% No 5

Security forces uniformed

75.0% Yes 12
 
 
6.2% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

89.5% Punjab Police 17
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

89.5% Punjab police 17
 
5.3% Army 1
 
5.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

26.3% Combatant 5
 
 
73.7% Non-combatant 14

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
73.7% No 14

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

15.8% Yes 3
 
 
84.2% No 16

Approached security officials

36.8% Yes 7
 
 
63.2% No 12

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

84.2% Afraid of retaliation 16
 
26.3% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
10.5% Couldn’t afford 2
 
10.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
5.3% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

78.9% Monetary compensation to family 15
 
68.4% Employment 13
 
52.6% Truth commission 10
 
47.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 9
 
36.8% Investigations into abuses 7
 
21.1% Memorial for victims 4
 
15.8% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 3
 
15.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
10.5% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District 

District

5.3% Amritsar 1
 
5.3% Firozpur 1
 
68.4% Ludhiana 13
 
5.3% Sangrur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
10.5% 1984 2
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
15.8% 1987 3
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
10.5% 1990 2
 
5.3% 1991 1
 
10.5% 1992 2
 
15.8% 1993 3
 
5.3% 1994 1
 
5.3% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
21.1% Date Unknown 4
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.