Nihal Singhwala

14 documented cases implicating security forces based in Nihal Singhwala:


Bathinda District

Rampura Phul Subdistrict
Balraj Khan Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koer Singhwala
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhodipura

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Asgar Khan Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jagraon
Jakkar Hussain Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jagraon
Major Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Kalara

Moga District

Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Charat Singh Male, age 38 at time of disappearance, Raoke Kalan
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 65-70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gajiana
Gurmel Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal
Harbans Singh Male, age 50 at time of disappearance, Burj Hamira
Kulwant Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Hamira
Nirbhai Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Himatpura
Shingara Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manuke
Tahal Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Nihal Singhwala:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 14
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

64.3% Not married 9
 
 
35.7% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

35.7% Yes 5
 


Total children surviving victims: 16


Religion

78.6% Sikh 11
 
 
21.4% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

57.1% Non-Jat 8
 
 
42.9% Jat 6

Age

14.3% 0-17 2
 
42.9% 18-33 6
 
21.4% 34-49 3
 
14.3% 50-64 2
 
7.1% 65+ 1
 

Education

50.0% No education 7
 
7.1% Primary school 1
 
14.3% Middle school 2
 
28.6% High school 4
 

Employment

28.6% Day labourer 4
 
28.6% Farmer/agriculture 4
 
14.3% Student 2
 
14.3% Shopkeeper 2
 
7.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
21.4% Other 3
 

Urban / Rural

78.6% Rural 11
 
 
14.3% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

50.0% Yes 7
 
 
50.0% No 7

Prior torture

35.7% Yes 5
 
 
14.3% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

85.7% Yes 12
 
 
14.3% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

33.3% Yes 4
 
 
58.3% No 7

Witnesses to abduction

85.7% Yes 12
 

Victim abduction location

28.6% Victim’s residence 4
 
14.3% Police station 2
 
14.3% Shop/market 2
 
7.1% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
21.4% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

85.7% Yes 12
 
 
0.0% No 0

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.3% Denied involvement 2
 
14.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
7.1% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
7.1% Admitted custody only 1
 
7.1% Gave no response 1
 
7.1% Other 1
 
7.1% Victim killed by black cats 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.1% Yes 1
 
 
78.6% No 11

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.7% Extrajudicial executions 12
 
 
14.3% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

71.4% 1 victim 10
 
14.3% 3 victim 2
 
14.3% 6 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 14

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

14.3% Cremated the body 2
 

Security forces returned body

14.3% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
71.4% No 10
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.1% Bruises 1
 
7.1% Bullet wounds 1
 
7.1% Broken bones 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

57.1% Yes 8
 
 
28.6% No 4

Security forces uniformed

83.3% Yes 10
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

85.7% Punjab Police 12
 
14.3% CRPF 2
 
7.1% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

78.6% Punjab police 11
 
14.3% CRPF 2
 
7.1% Other 1
 
7.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

21.4% Combatant 3
 
 
78.6% Non-combatant 11

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

21.4% Yes 3
 
 
57.1% No 8

If provided support, support was voluntary

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.4% Yes 3
 
 
78.6% No 11

Approached security officials

42.9% Yes 6
 
 
57.1% No 8

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

64.3% Afraid of retaliation 9
 
35.7% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
21.4% Couldn’t afford 3
 
7.1% Not applicable 1
 
7.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

85.7% Truth commission 12
 
85.7% Monetary compensation to family 12
 
64.3% Investigations into abuses 9
 
64.3% Employment 9
 
28.6% Rehabilitation services to family members 4
 
28.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 4
 
14.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 2
 
14.3% Memorial for victims 2
 

Year & District 

District

14.3% Bathinda 2
 
21.4% Ludhiana 3
 
57.1% Moga 8
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
7.1% 1987 1
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
50.0% 1991 7
 
21.4% 1992 3
 
14.3% 1993 2
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
7.1% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.