Smalsar

8 documented cases implicating security forces based in Smalsar:


Faridkot District

Faridkot Subdistrict
Ajaib Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hari Nau
Jaitu Subdistrict
Rajinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dod

Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mansurwal

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Nachattar Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Natha Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Smalsar
Moga Subdistrict
Gursewak Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirak
Rashpal Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirak

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Smalsar:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 8
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

0.0% Not married 0
 
 
100.0% Married 8

If married, did the victim have children?

62.5% No 5
 
 
37.5% Yes 3


Total children surviving victims: 9


Religion

100.0% Sikh 8
 

Caste

62.5% Jat 5
 
 
37.5% Non-Jat 3

Age

50.0% 18-33 4
 
50.0% 34-49 4
 

Education

62.5% No education 5
 
12.5% Middle school 1
 
12.5% High school 1
 
12.5% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

62.5% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
12.5% Day labourer 1
 
12.5% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
12.5% Other 1
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 8
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

75.0% Yes 6
 
 
25.0% No 2

Prior torture

50.0% Yes 4
 
 
25.0% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 8
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

40.0% Yes 2
 
 
120.0% No 6

Witnesses to abduction

62.5% Yes 5
 

Victim abduction location

25.0% Victim’s residence 2
 
25.0% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
25.0% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
12.5% Roadside 1
 
12.5% Bus station/stand 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

50.0% Yes 4
 
 
50.0% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

50.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 4
 
25.0% Other 2
 
12.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 8

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

100.0% Extrajudicial executions 8
 
 
0.0% Enforced disappearances 0

Number of victims per family

75.0% 1 victim 6
 
25.0% 2 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 8

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

50.0% Cremated the body 4
 

Security forces returned body

37.5% Yes 3
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
62.5% No 5
 

Condition of corpse, if known

37.5% Cuts/wounds 3
 
25.0% Bullet wounds 2
 
25.0% Missing hair from head or face 2
 
12.5% Broken bones 1
 
12.5% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

62.5% Yes 5
 
 
37.5% No 3

Security forces uniformed

160.0% Yes 8
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 8
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

100.0% Punjab police 8
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

37.5% Combatant 3
 
 
62.5% Non-combatant 5

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.5% Yes 1
 
 
37.5% No 3

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
12.5% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 8

Approached security officials

87.5% Yes 7
 
 
12.5% No 1

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

87.5% Afraid of retaliation 7
 
25.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 

Remedies desired from government

87.5% Truth commission 7
 
62.5% Investigations into abuses 5
 
50.0% Monetary compensation to family 4
 
50.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 4
 
37.5% Employment 3
 
12.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 1
 
12.5% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

25.0% Faridkot 2
 
12.5% Firozpur 1
 
62.5% Moga 5
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
25.0% 1988 2
 
25.0% 1989 2
 
12.5% 1990 1
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
37.5% 1992 3
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.