Mehna

35 documented cases implicating security forces based in Mehna:


Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Gurdev Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Satyewala
Mahinder Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karman
Zira Subdistrict
Bahal Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padhri
Kehar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padhri

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Rasulpur Malla
Atma Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mallah
Harnek Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mallah
Raikot Subdistrict
Jagdev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Siloani

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Balbahadur Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatpura
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Langiana Nawan
Harjinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of disappearance, Sangatpura
Jagjeet Singh Male, age 55-56 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Jasbeer Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Ranjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathuwala Garbi
Moga Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Takhanwad
Amarjit Singh Male, age 47 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhudike
Balwant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhanwad
Basant Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhandiana Sharki
Butta Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehna
Gurnaam Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhanwad
Harminder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhanwad
Iqbal Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Madoke
Jagjit Singh Male, age 16 at time of disappearance, Takhanwad
Kulwant Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dala
Kulwant Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehron
Kulwant Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Mahinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Taiban
Nachhtar Singh Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Naib Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhandewala
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madoke

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Mehna:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 35
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

54.3% Not married 19
 
 
45.7% Married 16

If married, did the victim have children?

42.9% Yes 15
 
 
2.9% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 31


Religion

97.1% Sikh 34
 
 
2.9% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

71.4% Jat 25
 
 
28.6% Non-Jat 10

Age

11.4% 0-17 4
 
68.6% 18-33 24
 
14.3% 34-49 5
 
2.9% 50-64 1
 
2.9% 65+ 1
 

Education

20.0% No education 7
 
28.6% Primary school 10
 
28.6% Middle school 10
 
14.3% High school 5
 
5.7% Some college 2
 
2.9% College degree 1
 

Employment

51.4% Farmer/agriculture 18
 
14.3% Day labourer 5
 
8.6% Student 3
 
8.6% Shopkeeper 3
 
2.9% Unemployed 1
 
28.6% Other 10
 

Urban / Rural

85.7% Rural 30
 
 
5.7% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

65.7% Yes 23
 
 
34.3% No 12

Prior torture

54.3% Yes 19
 
 
11.4% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

97.1% Yes 34
 
 
2.9% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

30.0% Yes 9
 
 
80.0% No 24

Witnesses to abduction

85.7% Yes 30
 
 
2.9% No 1

Victim abduction location

34.3% Victim’s residence 12
 
17.1% Roadside 6
 
11.4% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
11.4% Village fields 4
 
5.7% Bus station/stand 2
 
2.9% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.9% Police station 1
 
2.9% Shop/market 1
 
8.6% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

91.4% Yes 32
 
 
5.7% No 2

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

28.6% Gave no response 10
 
5.7% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
5.7% Other 2
 
2.9% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
2.9% Victim killed by militants 1
 
2.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
2.9% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

14.3% Yes 5
 
 
74.3% No 26

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

82.9% Extrajudicial executions 29
 
 
17.1% Enforced disappearances 6

Number of victims per family

88.6% 1 victim 31
 
11.4% 2 victims 4
 

Related incidents

2.9% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
97.1% No genuine encounters in family 34

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

25.7% Cremated the body 9
 
2.9% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

5.7% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
77.1% No 27
 

Condition of corpse, if known

2.9% Other 1
 
2.9% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
2.9% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

85.7% Yes 30
 
 
11.4% No 4

Security forces uniformed

106.7% Yes 32
 
 
6.7% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

97.1% Punjab Police 34
 
11.4% CRPF 4
 
2.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.0% Punjab police 28
 
2.9% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

22.9% Combatant 8
 
 
74.3% Non-combatant 26

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

22.9% Yes 8
 
 
48.6% No 17

If provided support, support was voluntary

17.1% Yes 6
 
 
5.7% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

25.7% Yes 9
 
 
71.4% No 25

Approached security officials

54.3% Yes 19
 
 
45.7% No 16

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

62.9% Afraid of retaliation 22
 
20.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 7
 
17.1% Didn’t know what to do 6
 
11.4% Couldn’t afford 4
 

Remedies desired from government

94.3% Truth commission 33
 
62.9% Investigations into abuses 22
 
60.0% Monetary compensation to family 21
 
60.0% Employment 21
 
25.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 9
 
17.1% Memorial for victims 6
 
14.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 5
 
11.4% Desire nothing from government 4
 
5.7% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 2
 
2.9% Other 1
 

Year & District  

District

11.4% Firozpur 4
 
11.4% Ludhiana 4
 
68.6% Moga 24
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.9% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
5.7% 1986 2
 
14.3% 1987 5
 
5.7% 1988 2
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
17.1% 1991 6
 
17.1% 1992 6
 
25.7% 1993 9
 
5.7% 1994 2
 
2.9% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.