Mehna

41 documented cases implicating security forces based in Mehna:


Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Gurdev Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Satyewala
Mahinder Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karman
Zira Subdistrict
Bahal Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padhri
Kehar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padhri

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Rasulpur Malla
Atma Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mallah
Harnek Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mallah
Raikot Subdistrict
Jagdev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Siloani

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Balbahadur Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Buta Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatpura
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Langiana Nawan
Harjinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of disappearance, Sangatpura
Jagdeep Singh Dass Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjgarain Khurd
Jagjeet Singh Male, age 55-56 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Jasbeer Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Natha Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Smalsar
Ranjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathuwala Garbi
Moga Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Takhanwad
Amarjit Singh Male, age 47 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhudike
Balbir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khosa Kotla
Balwant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhanwad
Basant Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhandiana Sharki
Butta Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehna
Gurnaam Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhanwad
Harminder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhanwad
Harnek Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Indergarh
Iqbal Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Madoke
Jagjit Singh Male, age 16 at time of disappearance, Takhanwad
Kulwant Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehron
Kulwant Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dala
Kulwant Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Mahinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sherpur Taiban
Nachhtar Singh Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Naib Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhandewala
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madoke

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Mehna:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 41
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

53.7% Not married 22
 
 
46.3% Married 19

If married, did the victim have children?

41.5% Yes 17
 
 
4.9% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 39


Religion

97.6% Sikh 40
 
 
2.4% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

70.7% Jat 29
 
 
29.3% Non-Jat 12

Age

9.8% 0-17 4
 
68.3% 18-33 28
 
14.6% 34-49 6
 
4.9% 50-64 2
 
2.4% 65+ 1
 

Education

24.4% No education 10
 
24.4% Primary school 10
 
29.3% Middle school 12
 
14.6% High school 6
 
4.9% Some college 2
 
2.4% College degree 1
 

Employment

51.2% Farmer/agriculture 21
 
17.1% Day labourer 7
 
7.3% Student 3
 
7.3% Shopkeeper 3
 
2.4% Unemployed 1
 
26.8% Other 11
 

Urban / Rural

85.4% Rural 35
 
 
4.9% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

61.0% Yes 25
 
 
39.0% No 16

Prior torture

51.2% Yes 21
 
 
9.8% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

95.1% Yes 39
 
 
4.9% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

25.7% Yes 9
 
 
77.1% No 27

Witnesses to abduction

85.4% Yes 35
 
 
2.4% No 1

Victim abduction location

29.3% Victim’s residence 12
 
19.5% Roadside 8
 
12.2% Friend/relative's residence 5
 
9.8% Village fields 4
 
4.9% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
4.9% Bus station/stand 2
 
2.4% Shop/market 1
 
2.4% Police station 1
 
7.3% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

87.8% Yes 36
 
 
7.3% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

24.4% Gave no response 10
 
9.8% Told family to go to another police station 4
 
7.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
4.9% Denied involvement 2
 
4.9% Other 2
 
2.4% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
2.4% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.4% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
2.4% Victim killed by militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

12.2% Yes 5
 
 
75.6% No 31

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

85.4% Extrajudicial executions 35
 
 
14.6% Enforced disappearances 6

Number of victims per family

87.8% 1 victim 36
 
12.2% 2 victim 5
 

Related incidents

2.4% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
95.1% No genuine encounters in family 39

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

31.7% Cremated the body 13
 
2.4% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

4.9% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
80.5% No 33
 

Condition of corpse, if known

2.4% Other 1
 
2.4% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
2.4% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

80.5% Yes 33
 
 
14.6% No 6

Security forces uniformed

97.1% Yes 34
 
 
5.7% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

95.1% Punjab Police 39
 
9.8% CRPF 4
 
2.4% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

82.9% Punjab police 34
 
2.4% CRPF 1
 
2.4% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

24.4% Combatant 10
 
 
73.2% Non-combatant 30

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

22.0% Yes 9
 
 
48.8% No 20

If provided support, support was voluntary

17.1% Yes 7
 
 
4.9% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

26.8% Yes 11
 
 
70.7% No 29

Approached security officials

56.1% Yes 23
 
 
43.9% No 18

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

63.4% Afraid of retaliation 26
 
17.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 7
 
14.6% Didn’t know what to do 6
 
12.2% Couldn’t afford 5
 

Remedies desired from government

87.8% Truth commission 36
 
58.5% Investigations into abuses 24
 
56.1% Monetary compensation to family 23
 
51.2% Employment 21
 
26.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 11
 
17.1% Memorial for victims 7
 
14.6% Rehabilitation services to family members 6
 
12.2% Desire nothing from government 5
 
12.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 5
 
2.4% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

9.8% Firozpur 4
 
9.8% Ludhiana 4
 
70.7% Moga 29
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.4% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
4.9% 1986 2
 
12.2% 1987 5
 
7.3% 1988 3
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
2.4% 1990 1
 
17.1% 1991 7
 
17.1% 1992 7
 
24.4% 1993 10
 
4.9% 1994 2
 
2.4% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.9% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.