Ghal Kalan

10 documented cases implicating security forces based in Ghal Kalan:


Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Lakhvir Singh Male, age 26-28 at time of disappearance, Botianwala
Surjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mansurwal

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhota Ghar
Ranjit Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chanuwala
Moga Subdistrict
Angrej Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sada Singhwala
Balwant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhanwad
Hardev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bukanwala
Kulwant Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 48-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghal Kalan

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Ghal Kalan:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 10
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

30.0% Not married 3
 
 
70.0% Married 7

If married, did the victim have children?

60.0% Yes 6
 
 
10.0% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 14


Religion

100.0% Sikh 10
 

Caste

90.0% Jat 9
 
 
10.0% Non-Jat 1

Age

90.0% 18-33 9
 
10.0% 34-49 1
 

Education

30.0% No education 3
 
20.0% Primary school 2
 
10.0% Middle school 1
 
30.0% High school 3
 
10.0% College degree 1
 

Employment

50.0% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
10.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
10.0% Mechanic 1
 
10.0% Student 1
 
20.0% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

80.0% Rural 8
 
 
10.0% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

70.0% Yes 7
 
 
30.0% No 3

Prior torture

60.0% Yes 6
 
 
10.0% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

90.0% Yes 9
 
 
10.0% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

12.5% Yes 1
 
 
100.0% No 8

Witnesses to abduction

80.0% Yes 8
 
 
10.0% No 1

Victim abduction location

30.0% Victim’s residence 3
 
30.0% Roadside 3
 
20.0% Village fields 2
 
10.0% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

80.0% Yes 8
 
 
10.0% No 1

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
20.0% Gave no response 2
 
10.0% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
80.0% No 8

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.0% Extrajudicial executions 9
 
 
10.0% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 10
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 10

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

20.0% Cremated the body 2
 

Security forces returned body

20.0% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
70.0% No 7
 

Condition of corpse, if known

10.0% Other 1
 
10.0% Broken bones 1
 
10.0% Cuts/wounds 1
 
10.0% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

80.0% Yes 8
 
 
20.0% No 2

Security forces uniformed

112.5% Yes 9
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

90.0% Punjab Police 9
 
20.0% CRPF 2
 
10.0% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

90.0% Punjab police 9
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

50.0% Combatant 5
 
 
40.0% Non-combatant 4

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

20.0% Yes 2
 
 
20.0% No 2

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.0% Yes 1
 
 
10.0% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

30.0% Yes 3
 
 
70.0% No 7

Approached security officials

50.0% Yes 5
 
 
50.0% No 5

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

50.0% Afraid of retaliation 5
 
40.0% Didn’t know what to do 4
 
20.0% Couldn’t afford 2
 
10.0% Not applicable 1
 
10.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 

Remedies desired from government

90.0% Truth commission 9
 
80.0% Employment 8
 
70.0% Monetary compensation to family 7
 
50.0% Investigations into abuses 5
 
40.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 4
 
30.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
20.0% Desire nothing from government 2
 
20.0% Memorial for victims 2
 

Year & District 

District

20.0% Firozpur 2
 
70.0% Moga 7
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
20.0% 1987 2
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
20.0% 1989 2
 
20.0% 1990 2
 
30.0% 1991 3
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
10.0% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.