Mallanwala (Ruknewala)

33 documented cases implicating security forces based in Mallanwala (Ruknewala):


Amritsar District

Patti Subdistrict
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saidpur

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Joginder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sher Khanwala
Mangal Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karmuwala
Palwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Sur Singhwala
Paritam Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehman
Pippal Singh Male, age 17-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaimalwala
Sawran Singh Male, age 23-25 at time of disappearance, Sur Singhwala
Sawran Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ruknewala
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mudki
Zira Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Avtar Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behk Walayat Shah
Baldev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gatta Badshah
Balwinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Gurpal Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattewala
Heera Singh Male, age 16-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode Jallewala
Iqbal Kaur Female, age 90 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Jagraj Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butewala
Jaswinder Kaur Female, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Kabal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butewala
Lakhwinder Kaur Female, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Major Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mallanwala
Maneer Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mansurwal
Manjit Kaur Female, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Mohan Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Asiake
Raj Nashatar Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mallanwala
Rajwinder Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Mahrana
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Resham Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajiana

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Bohr Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ratta Khera

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Rajbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajasthan

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Mallanwala (Ruknewala):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

87.9% Male 29
 
 
12.1% Female 4

Marital status

42.4% Not married 14
 
 
54.5% Married 18

If married, did the victim have children?

39.4% Yes 13
 
 
15.2% No 5


Total children surviving victims: 32


Religion

100.0% Sikh 33
 

Caste

69.7% Jat 23
 
 
30.3% Non-Jat 10

Age

6.1% 0-17 2
 
66.7% 18-33 22
 
12.1% 34-49 4
 
6.1% 50-64 2
 
6.1% 65+ 2
 

Education

27.3% No education 9
 
12.1% Primary school 4
 
15.2% Middle school 5
 
36.4% High school 12
 
3.0% Some college 1
 
3.0% College degree 1
 

Employment

39.4% Farmer/agriculture 13
 
12.1% Housewife 4
 
6.1% Day labourer 2
 
6.1% Student 2
 
3.0% Mechanic 1
 
33.3% Other 11
 

Urban / Rural

90.9% Rural 30
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

30.3% Yes 10
 
 
66.7% No 22

Prior torture

27.3% Yes 9
 
 
3.0% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

69.7% Yes 23
 
 
30.3% No 10

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

23.5% Yes 4
 
 
100.0% No 17

Witnesses to abduction

51.5% Yes 17
 
 
6.1% No 2

Victim abduction location

21.2% Victim’s residence 7
 
21.2% Roadside 7
 
15.2% Village fields 5
 
9.1% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
3.0% Police station 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

60.6% Yes 20
 
 
9.1% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 4
 
12.1% Gave no response 4
 
9.1% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
6.1% Admitted custody only 2
 
3.0% Other 1
 
3.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.1% Yes 2
 
 
60.6% No 20

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

93.9% Extrajudicial executions 31
 
 
6.1% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

69.7% 1 victim 23
 
9.1% 2 victim 3
 
21.2% 7 victim 7
 

Related incidents

6.1% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
90.9% No genuine encounters in family 30

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

30.3% Cremated the body 10
 
3.0% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

48.5% Yes 16
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
45.5% No 15
 

Condition of corpse, if known

36.4% Bullet wounds 12
 
33.3% Burn marks 11
 
33.3% Cuts/wounds 11
 
24.2% Broken bones 8
 
15.2% Bruises 5
 
15.2% Missing hair from head or face 5
 
12.1% Missing fingernails 4
 
3.0% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

81.8% Yes 27
 
 
9.1% No 3

Security forces uniformed

129.4% Yes 22
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

69.7% Punjab Police 23
 
9.1% CRPF 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

93.9% Punjab police 31
 
21.2% Army 7
 
21.2% CRPF 7
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

27.3% Combatant 9
 
 
72.7% Non-combatant 24

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.2% Yes 6
 
 
51.5% No 17

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.1% Yes 4
 
 
3.0% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.2% Yes 7
 
 
78.8% No 26

Approached security officials

51.5% Yes 17
 
 
48.5% No 16

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

66.7% Afraid of retaliation 22
 
15.2% Didn’t know what to do 5
 
6.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
6.1% Couldn’t afford 2
 

Remedies desired from government

81.8% Monetary compensation to family 27
 
72.7% Employment 24
 
72.7% Truth commission 24
 
36.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 12
 
33.3% Investigations into abuses 11
 
21.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 7
 
9.1% Memorial for victims 3
 
6.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 2
 
3.0% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

3.0% Amritsar 1
 
81.8% Firozpur 27
 
3.0% Moga 1
 
3.0% Patiala 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
15.2% 1987 5
 
3.0% 1988 1
 
6.1% 1989 2
 
3.0% 1990 1
 
33.3% 1991 11
 
21.2% 1992 7
 
9.1% 1993 3
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
3.0% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
3.0% 2000 1
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
3.0% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.