Jhuner

12 documented cases implicating security forces based in Jhuner:


Bathinda District

Talwandi Sabo Subdistrict
Chand Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mirziana

Mansa District

Budhlada Subdistrict
Bhola Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Tahlian
Sukhchain Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lakhmirwala
Thakhat Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boha
Mansa Subdistrict
Bhola Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhikhi
Makhan Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiwa Khurd
Sardulgarh Subdistrict
Harpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhanduke
Harpal Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, Fatta Maluka
Mewa Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiali Chahianwali
Ravinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mankhera

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Jhuner:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 12
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

58.3% Not married 7
 
 
41.7% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

33.3% Yes 4
 
 
8.3% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 7


Religion

100.0% Sikh 12
 

Caste

75.0% Jat 9
 
 
25.0% Non-Jat 3

Age

100.0% 18-33 12
 

Education

8.3% No education 1
 
25.0% Primary school 3
 
33.3% Middle school 4
 
33.3% High school 4
 

Employment

41.7% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
25.0% Student 3
 
8.3% Day labourer 1
 
41.7% Other 5
 

Urban / Rural

75.0% Rural 9
 
 
8.3% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

58.3% Yes 7
 
 
41.7% No 5

Prior torture

50.0% Yes 6
 
 
8.3% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

91.7% Yes 11
 
 
8.3% No 1

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

18.2% Yes 2
 
 
72.7% No 8

Witnesses to abduction

91.7% Yes 11
 

Victim abduction location

25.0% Victim’s residence 3
 
16.7% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
16.7% Roadside 2
 
16.7% Bus station/stand 2
 
8.3% Village fields 1
 
8.3% Shop/market 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

66.7% Yes 8
 
 
25.0% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

41.7% Denied involvement 5
 
25.0% Gave no response 3
 
8.3% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
8.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
91.7% No 11

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

83.3% Extrajudicial executions 10
 
 
16.7% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

75.0% 1 victim 9
 
25.0% 2 victim 3
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 12

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

8.3% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 
8.3% Cremated the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
83.3% No 10
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

75.0% Yes 9
 
 
16.7% No 2

Security forces uniformed

63.6% Yes 7
 
 
18.2% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

91.7% Punjab Police 11
 
16.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
8.3% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

83.3% Punjab police 10
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

33.3% Combatant 4
 
 
66.7% Non-combatant 8

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.7% Yes 2
 
 
41.7% No 5

If provided support, support was voluntary

8.3% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

16.7% Yes 2
 
 
83.3% No 10

Approached security officials

58.3% Yes 7
 
 
41.7% No 5

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

66.7% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
58.3% Didn’t know what to do 7
 
33.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 4
 
25.0% Couldn’t afford 3
 
8.3% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

83.3% Employment 10
 
75.0% Monetary compensation to family 9
 
66.7% Truth commission 8
 
58.3% Investigations into abuses 7
 
8.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 
8.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 1
 
8.3% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

8.3% Bathinda 1
 
75.0% Mansa 9
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
25.0% 1991 3
 
33.3% 1992 4
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
41.7% Date Unknown 5
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.