Joga

10 documented cases implicating security forces based in Joga:


Amritsar District

Patti Subdistrict
Kawalpreet Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raipur Baleem
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Dat Kaur Female, age 72-73 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian
Salwinder Singh Male, age 49 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian

Mansa District

Budhlada Subdistrict
Inder Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Borawal
Mansa Subdistrict
Chaggar Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Dhilwan
Gurtej Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Joga
Mahinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rar
Makhan Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiwa Khurd

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Rura Kalan
Swaranjit Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhanuala

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Joga:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

90.0% Male 9
 
 
10.0% Female 1

Marital status

40.0% Not married 4
 
 
60.0% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

40.0% Yes 4
 
 
10.0% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 10


Religion

100.0% Sikh 10
 

Caste

60.0% Jat 6
 
 
40.0% Non-Jat 4

Age

70.0% 18-33 7
 
20.0% 34-49 2
 
10.0% 65+ 1
 

Education

30.0% No education 3
 
30.0% Primary school 3
 
10.0% Middle school 1
 
20.0% High school 2
 
10.0% Some college 1
 

Employment

40.0% Farmer/agriculture 4
 
30.0% Student 3
 
20.0% Day labourer 2
 
10.0% Unemployed 1
 
10.0% Other 1
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 10
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

50.0% Yes 5
 
 
50.0% No 5

Prior torture

10.0% Yes 1
 
 
40.0% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 10
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

22.2% Yes 2
 
 
66.7% No 6

Witnesses to abduction

90.0% Yes 9
 
 
10.0% No 1

Victim abduction location

50.0% Roadside 5
 
30.0% Victim’s residence 3
 
10.0% Shop/market 1
 
10.0% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

70.0% Yes 7
 
 
30.0% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

30.0% Denied involvement 3
 
10.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 
10.0% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

10.0% Yes 1
 
 
60.0% No 6

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.0% Extrajudicial executions 9
 
 
10.0% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

90.0% 1 victim 9
 
10.0% 2 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
90.0% No genuine encounters in family 9

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

40.0% Cremated the body 4
 
10.0% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
90.0% No 9
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

90.0% Yes 9
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

55.6% Yes 5
 
 
22.2% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 10
 
10.0% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

90.0% Punjab police 9
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

30.0% Combatant 3
 
 
70.0% Non-combatant 7

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

10.0% Yes 1
 
 
40.0% No 4

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.0% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

40.0% Yes 4
 
 
60.0% No 6

Approached security officials

40.0% Yes 4
 
 
60.0% No 6

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

40.0% Afraid of retaliation 4
 
40.0% Didn’t know what to do 4
 
20.0% Couldn’t afford 2
 
10.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
10.0% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

80.0% Employment 8
 
80.0% Monetary compensation to family 8
 
60.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 6
 
60.0% Truth commission 6
 
50.0% Investigations into abuses 5
 
30.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
10.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 

Year & District 

District

30.0% Amritsar 3
 
50.0% Mansa 5
 
20.0% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
10.0% 1990 1
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
50.0% 1992 5
 
20.0% 1993 2
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
20.0% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.