Mehal Kalan

4 documented cases implicating security forces based in Mehal Kalan:


Ludhiana District

Raikot Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rachhin
Jasvir Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalsan

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Mal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gurbaxpura
Sangrur Subdistrict
Rohi Ram Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Bugar

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Mehal Kalan:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 4
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

75.0% Not married 3
 
 
25.0% Married 1

If married, did the victim have children?

25.0% Yes 1
 


Total children surviving victims: 1


Religion

100.0% Sikh 4
 

Caste

50.0% Jat 2
 
 
50.0% Non-Jat 2

Age

25.0% 0-17 1
 
75.0% 18-33 3
 

Education

75.0% Primary school 3
 
25.0% High school 1
 

Employment

25.0% Farmer/agriculture 1
 
25.0% Day labourer 1
 
25.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
25.0% Student 1
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 4
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

100.0% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Prior torture

100.0% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

50.0% Yes 1
 
 
100.0% No 2

Witnesses to abduction

50.0% Yes 2
 

Victim abduction location

25.0% Victim’s residence 1
 
25.0% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
25.0% Roadside 1
 
25.0% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

75.0% Yes 3
 
 
25.0% No 1

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

25.0% Victim had escaped 1
 
25.0% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 4

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

75.0% Extrajudicial executions 3
 
 
25.0% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

50.0% 1 victim 2
 
50.0% 2 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 4

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

25.0% Cremated the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
75.0% No 3
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

75.0% Yes 3
 
 
25.0% No 1

Security forces uniformed

200.0% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 4
 
25.0% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

75.0% Punjab police 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

0.0% Combatant 0
 
 
75.0% Non-combatant 3

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
50.0% No 2

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 4

Approached security officials

25.0% Yes 1
 
 
75.0% No 3

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

100.0% Afraid of retaliation 4
 
25.0% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

100.0% Monetary compensation to family 4
 
75.0% Employment 3
 
50.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 
50.0% Truth commission 2
 
50.0% Investigations into abuses 2
 

Year & District 

District

50.0% Ludhiana 2
 
50.0% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
25.0% 1992 1
 
50.0% 1993 2
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
25.0% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.