Ladda (Bahadur Singh Wala, Ladda Kothi)

14 documented cases implicating security forces based in Ladda (Bahadur Singh Wala, Ladda Kothi):


Ludhiana District

Payal Subdistrict
Sarvan Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gidri

Patiala District

Samana Subdistrict
Kanta Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Majri
Kashmir Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kularan

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Bir Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of disappearance, Jahangir
Chand Singh Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajo Majra
Kirpal Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Benra
Nirmal Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajo Majra
Moonak Subdistrict
Daan Singh Male, age 90 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bakhora Kalan
Pritam Singh Male, age 60-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bakhora Kalan
Sangrur Subdistrict
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kapial
Sunam Subdistrict
Ajaib Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dewangarh Alias Kaimpur
Balbir Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Namol
Gurcharn Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of disappearance, Phulera

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Ladda (Bahadur Singh Wala, Ladda Kothi):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 14
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

42.9% Not married 6
 
 
57.1% Married 8

If married, did the victim have children?

42.9% Yes 6
 
 
14.3% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 17


Religion

100.0% Sikh 14
 

Caste

78.6% Jat 11
 
 
21.4% Non-Jat 3

Age

14.3% 0-17 2
 
50.0% 18-33 7
 
14.3% 34-49 2
 
14.3% 50-64 2
 
7.1% 65+ 1
 

Education

64.3% No education 9
 
7.1% Primary school 1
 
14.3% High school 2
 
7.1% Some college 1
 
7.1% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

50.0% Farmer/agriculture 7
 
21.4% Day labourer 3
 
7.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
7.1% Student 1
 
14.3% Other 2
 

Urban / Rural

92.9% Rural 13
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

57.1% Yes 8
 
 
42.9% No 6

Prior torture

57.1% Yes 8
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.6% Yes 11
 
 
21.4% No 3

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

37.5% Yes 3
 
 
100.0% No 8

Witnesses to abduction

57.1% Yes 8
 

Victim abduction location

28.6% Village fields 4
 
14.3% Victim’s residence 2
 
14.3% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
7.1% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
7.1% Police station 1
 
7.1% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

71.4% Yes 10
 
 
7.1% No 1

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

21.4% Gave no response 3
 
14.3% Told family to go to another police station 2
 
7.1% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
7.1% Denied involvement 1
 
7.1% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
64.3% No 9

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

71.4% Extrajudicial executions 10
 
 
28.6% Enforced disappearances 4

Number of victims per family

78.6% 1 victim 11
 
7.1% 2 victim 1
 
14.3% 3 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 14

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

7.1% Cremated the body 1
 

Security forces returned body

21.4% Yes 3
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
50.0% No 7
 

Condition of corpse, if known

21.4% Other 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

57.1% Yes 8
 
 
21.4% No 3

Security forces uniformed

125.0% Yes 10
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

71.4% Punjab Police 10
 
14.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
7.1% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

64.3% Punjab police 9
 
7.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

14.3% Combatant 2
 
 
71.4% Non-combatant 10

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

28.6% Yes 4
 
 
42.9% No 6

If provided support, support was voluntary

14.3% Yes 2
 
 
14.3% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

28.6% Yes 4
 
 
71.4% No 10

Approached security officials

57.1% Yes 8
 
 
42.9% No 6

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

57.1% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
21.4% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
14.3% Couldn’t afford 2
 
7.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
7.1% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

85.7% Monetary compensation to family 12
 
71.4% Truth commission 10
 
64.3% Employment 9
 
42.9% Investigations into abuses 6
 
35.7% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 5
 
14.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 2
 
7.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 
7.1% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

7.1% Ludhiana 1
 
14.3% Patiala 2
 
71.4% Sangrur 10
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
7.1% 1989 1
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
28.6% 1992 4
 
28.6% 1993 4
 
14.3% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
7.1% 1999 1
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
14.3% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.