Dera Baba Nanak

43 documented cases implicating security forces based in Dera Baba Nanak:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Makowal
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina
Shingara Singh Male, age 22-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiala Khurd
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Narinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khapar Kheri
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Amanjeet Singh Male, age 17 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Davinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 41-42 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Hardev Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sadhu Singh Male, age 80-85 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sharanjit Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of disappearance, Bagga

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Mohinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bijliwal
Mohinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haruwal
Baljeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raichak
Baljinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Rama
Balwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Baba Nanak
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shezada
Balwinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mulowali
Budh Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khode Bet
Dilbag Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagtana Tulianwala
Gurbaksh Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shikar
Gurdip Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shikar
Hardeep Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Shahpur Jajan
Harmohinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke
Jasbeer Kaur Female, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke
Jasbir Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haruwal
Jaswant Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Machharala
Joga Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khawaja Wardag
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ransinke Tilla
Santokh Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ransinke Tilla
Suba Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahpur Goraya
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khode Bet
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalanaur
Balwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alawalpur
Hardeep Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tung
Jasbir Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai
Kuldip Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalanaur
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Agwan
Manjeet Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura Chhittran
Raj Pal Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Khadar

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Dera Baba Nanak:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.7% Male 42
 
 
2.3% Female 1

Marital status

67.4% Not married 29
 
 
32.6% Married 14

If married, did the victim have children?

23.3% Yes 10
 
 
7.0% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 27


Religion

100.0% Sikh 43
 

Caste

93.0% Jat 40
 
 
7.0% Non-Jat 3

Age

4.7% 0-17 2
 
79.1% 18-33 34
 
7.0% 34-49 3
 
2.3% 65+ 1
 

Education

14.0% No education 6
 
16.3% Primary school 7
 
16.3% Middle school 7
 
44.2% High school 19
 
4.7% College degree 2
 
2.3% Graduate degree 1
 
2.3% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

44.2% Farmer/agriculture 19
 
20.9% Student 9
 
9.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 4
 
7.0% Day labourer 3
 
4.7% Unemployed 2
 
2.3% Housewife 1
 
18.6% Other 8
 

Urban / Rural

88.4% Rural 38
 
 
9.3% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

25.6% Yes 11
 
 
74.4% No 32

Prior torture

25.6% Yes 11
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

83.7% Yes 36
 
 
16.3% No 7

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

12.1% Yes 4
 
 
78.8% No 26

Witnesses to abduction

76.7% Yes 33
 
 
2.3% No 1

Victim abduction location

25.6% Victim’s residence 11
 
16.3% Roadside 7
 
9.3% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
7.0% Bus station/stand 3
 
4.7% Village fields 2
 
2.3% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.3% Police station 1
 
2.3% Shop/market 1
 
7.0% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

60.5% Yes 26
 
 
23.3% No 10

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.9% Gave no response 9
 
18.6% Admitted custody only 8
 
16.3% Denied involvement 7
 
16.3% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
14.0% Other 6
 
7.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
7.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
2.3% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.7% Yes 2
 
 
58.1% No 25

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

81.4% Extrajudicial executions 35
 
 
18.6% Enforced disappearances 8

Number of victims per family

76.7% 1 victim 33
 
18.6% 2 victims 8
 
4.7% 3 victims 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 43

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

41.9% Cremated the body 18
 

Security forces returned body

16.3% Yes 7
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
65.1% No 28
 

Condition of corpse, if known

14.0% Bullet wounds 6
 
2.3% Bruises 1
 
2.3% Burn marks 1
 
2.3% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

69.8% Yes 30
 
 
23.3% No 10

Security forces uniformed

75.8% Yes 25
 
 
6.1% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

72.1% Punjab Police 31
 
7.0% BSF 3
 
4.7% Other 2
 
2.3% Black cat 1
 
2.3% Army 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

72.1% Punjab police 31
 
18.6% BSF 8
 
2.3% Army 1
 
2.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
2.3% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

53.5% Combatant 23
 
 
44.2% Non-combatant 19

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

4.7% Yes 2
 
 
34.9% No 15

If provided support, support was voluntary

2.3% Yes 1
 
 
2.3% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

32.6% Yes 14
 
 
67.4% No 29

Approached security officials

48.8% Yes 21
 
 
51.2% No 22

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

48.8% Afraid of retaliation 21
 
37.2% Couldn’t afford 16
 
23.3% Didn’t know what to do 10
 
11.6% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 

Remedies desired from government

86.0% Monetary compensation to family 37
 
60.5% Truth commission 26
 
58.1% Employment 25
 
53.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 23
 
46.5% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 20
 
41.9% Memorial for victims 18
 
32.6% Investigations into abuses 14
 
30.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 13
 
2.3% Desire nothing from government 1
 
2.3% Other 1
 

Year & District  

District

27.9% Amritsar 12
 
69.8% Gurdaspur 30
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.3% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
11.6% 1986 5
 
4.7% 1987 2
 
4.7% 1988 2
 
2.3% 1989 1
 
9.3% 1990 4
 
32.6% 1991 14
 
16.3% 1992 7
 
11.6% 1993 5
 
2.3% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.