Dera Baba Nanak

45 documented cases implicating security forces based in Dera Baba Nanak:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Makowal
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harse Chhina
Manjit Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Passia
Shingara Singh Male, age 22-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khiala Khurd
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Narinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khapar Kheri
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Amanjeet Singh Male, age 17 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Davinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 41-42 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Hardev Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sadhu Singh Male, age 80-85 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sharanjit Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Mohinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bijliwal
Mohinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haruwal
Baljeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raichak
Baljinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Rama
Balwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Baba Nanak
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shezada
Balwinder Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mulowali
Budh Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khode Bet
Dilbag Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagtana Tulianwala
Gurbaksh Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shikar
Gurdip Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shikar
Hardeep Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of disappearance, Shahpur Jajan
Harmahinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke
Jasbeer Kaur Female, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veroke
Jasbir Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haruwal
Jaswant Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Machharala
Joga Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khawaja Wardag
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ransinke Tilla
Santokh Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ransinke Tilla
Suba Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahpur Goraya
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khode Bet
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalanaur
Balwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alawalpur
Hardeep Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tung
Jasbir Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai
Kuldip Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalanaur
Lakhvir Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Agwan
Manjeet Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura Chhittran
Raj Pal Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Khadar

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Dera Baba Nanak:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.8% Male 44
 
 
2.2% Female 1

Marital status

66.7% Not married 30
 
 
33.3% Married 15

If married, did the victim have children?

24.4% Yes 11
 
 
6.7% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 30


Religion

100.0% Sikh 45
 

Caste

93.3% Jat 42
 
 
6.7% Non-Jat 3

Age

4.4% 0-17 2
 
80.0% 18-33 36
 
6.7% 34-49 3
 
2.2% 65+ 1
 

Education

13.3% No education 6
 
15.6% Primary school 7
 
17.8% Middle school 8
 
44.4% High school 20
 
4.4% College degree 2
 
2.2% Graduate degree 1
 
2.2% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

44.4% Farmer/agriculture 20
 
20.0% Student 9
 
11.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 5
 
6.7% Day labourer 3
 
4.4% Unemployed 2
 
2.2% Housewife 1
 
17.8% Other 8
 

Urban / Rural

88.9% Rural 40
 
 
8.9% Urban 4

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

24.4% Yes 11
 
 
75.6% No 34

Prior torture

24.4% Yes 11
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

84.4% Yes 38
 
 
15.6% No 7

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

11.4% Yes 4
 
 
77.1% No 27

Witnesses to abduction

77.8% Yes 35
 
 
2.2% No 1

Victim abduction location

24.4% Victim’s residence 11
 
17.8% Roadside 8
 
11.1% Friend/relative's residence 5
 
6.7% Bus station/stand 3
 
4.4% Village fields 2
 
2.2% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.2% Shop/market 1
 
2.2% Police station 1
 
6.7% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

60.0% Yes 27
 
 
24.4% No 11

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.0% Gave no response 9
 
17.8% Denied involvement 8
 
17.8% Admitted custody only 8
 
17.8% Told family to go to another police station 8
 
15.6% Other 7
 
8.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 4
 
6.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
2.2% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.4% Yes 2
 
 
57.8% No 26

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

82.2% Extrajudicial executions 37
 
 
17.8% Enforced disappearances 8

Number of victims per family

77.8% 1 victim 35
 
17.8% 2 victim 8
 
4.4% 3 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 45

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

42.2% Cremated the body 19
 

Security forces returned body

15.6% Yes 7
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
66.7% No 30
 

Condition of corpse, if known

13.3% Bullet wounds 6
 
2.2% Bruises 1
 
2.2% Cuts/wounds 1
 
2.2% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

71.1% Yes 32
 
 
22.2% No 10

Security forces uniformed

77.1% Yes 27
 
 
5.7% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

71.1% Punjab Police 32
 
6.7% BSF 3
 
4.4% Army 2
 
4.4% Other 2
 
2.2% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

73.3% Punjab police 33
 
17.8% BSF 8
 
2.2% CRPF 1
 
2.2% Army 1
 
2.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

51.1% Combatant 23
 
 
44.4% Non-combatant 20

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

4.4% Yes 2
 
 
35.6% No 16

If provided support, support was voluntary

2.2% Yes 1
 
 
2.2% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

35.6% Yes 16
 
 
64.4% No 29

Approached security officials

48.9% Yes 22
 
 
51.1% No 23

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

46.7% Afraid of retaliation 21
 
35.6% Couldn’t afford 16
 
22.2% Didn’t know what to do 10
 
11.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 

Remedies desired from government

84.4% Monetary compensation to family 38
 
60.0% Truth commission 27
 
57.8% Employment 26
 
53.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 24
 
46.7% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 21
 
40.0% Memorial for victims 18
 
33.3% Investigations into abuses 15
 
31.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 14
 
2.2% Desire nothing from government 1
 
2.2% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

31.1% Amritsar 14
 
66.7% Gurdaspur 30
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.2% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
11.1% 1986 5
 
4.4% 1987 2
 
4.4% 1988 2
 
2.2% 1989 1
 
8.9% 1990 4
 
33.3% 1991 15
 
15.6% 1992 7
 
11.1% 1993 5
 
2.2% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.4% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.