Batala (Bawali Inderjit, Buddhe Di Khuhi, Marrianwala, Sekhri)

194 documented cases implicating security forces based in Batala (Bawali Inderjit, Buddhe Di Khuhi, Marrianwala, Sekhri):


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jauns
Baldev Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohala
Gurbrinder Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malakpur
Harpal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalpura
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kathu Nangal
Hardeep Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Sultan Singh
Hoshiar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lehrka
Jagir Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhangali Kalan
Nirvail Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian Kalan
Pargat Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhangali Kalan
Puran Singh Male, age 14 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chachowali
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Harwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandanke
Jasbir Singh Male, age 16-18 at time of disappearance, Saidoke
Kulwant Kaur Female, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, Pallah
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nijjar
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandanke
Nishan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chuhangh
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buttar Siviya
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Patti Subdistrict
Harpal Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Puhla
Kulwant Kaur Female, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido
Mehal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhotian
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathi

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bish Nandi

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kastiwal
Ajit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadialanat
Ajit Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Cheema
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chahal
Bachittar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathwal
Balbir Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chahal
Balbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhaulpur
Baldev Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarchur
Baldev Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Cheema
Baldev Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Hardo Jhanda
Baljinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dabanwala
Baljit Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hardo Jhanda
Balkar Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rali Ali Kalan
Balwinder Kaur Female, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojala
Balwinder Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veela Teja
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Balwinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarwali
Bawa Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagowal
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of disappearance, Ball
Binder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hassanpur Khurd
Daljit Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dewaniwal
Daljit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kandila
Daljit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chahal
Darshan Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dadiala Najara
Davinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathwal
Didar Singh Male, age 35-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dadiala Najara
Dyal Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gujjarpura
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 30-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojala
Gurdev Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rali Ali Kalan
Gurdev Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjgrain
Gurdip Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhamboi
Gurjeet Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Gurmej Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vero Nangal
Gurnam Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhaliwal
Gurnam Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dabanwala
Gurpal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima
Gurvinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadialanat
Hardiyal Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhullar
Harjinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Udhowali
Harpal Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of disappearance, Nangal
Harpal Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rikhia
Heera Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Jhawar
Heera Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qila Lal Singh
Jasbir Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Kastiwal
Jaspal Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandke
Jaswant Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hassanpur Kalan
Jaswant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra
Jaswant Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandke
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojala
Joginder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malludawara
Karam Singh Male, age 38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Phassi
Kartar Kaur Female, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaitu Sarja
Kashmir Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Purian Kalan
Kawaljit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarwali
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadialanat
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Purian Kalan
Kulwant Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Bhan Singh
Kulwant Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harsian
Kunan Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Basrai
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 32-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghasitpur Khurd
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khaira
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sheikhwan
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ball
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Zahadpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhole Ke
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malikpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Taragarh
Makhan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhit
Makhan Singh Male, age 70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Khasa
Malkit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Jhawar
Manbeer Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalam
Mangal Singh Male, age 32-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Meeke
Mangal Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Mohan Lal Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Mohinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bijliwal
Narinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Nirmal Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Phassi
Nirvair Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Baja Singh
Nirvair Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Baja Singh
Nishan Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhole Ke
Palwinder Kaur Female, age 45-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Churian
Paramjit Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghasitpur
Pargat Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhanda
Parminder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarchur
Partap Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Sharaf
Pyara Singh Male, age 45-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mand
Rajinder Singh Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Granthian
Rajwinder Singh Male, age 40-41 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghasitpur
Ranjeet Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Damodar
Ranjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialgarh
Ranjit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima
Ranjit Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialgarh
Rashpal Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kiri Afgana
Rashpal Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sheikhwan
Rashpal Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dabanwala
Sahib Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kastiwal
Sahib Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalian
Sandara Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Denaniwal
Satnam Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daulatpur
Satnam Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Bhait
Sucha Singh Male, age 52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhanda
Sukhchain Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khaira
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23-25 at time of disappearance, Dhanda
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manoharpur
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjgrain
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialgarh
Sulakhan Singh Male, age 58 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjgrain
Sulinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Galowal
Surjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tawandi Lal Singh
Surjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhattiwal
Tajinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagowal
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 16-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Granthian
Tarsem Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raliali Khurd
Veer Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhattiwal
Yoga Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vero Nangal
Zubair Ahmad Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qadian
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qadian
Ajit Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarpala
Arjun Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Paracha
Balbir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapala
Bua Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapala
Dalbir Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Goraya
Dalbir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiwan Nangal
Gurbaj Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahpur Jajan
Gurdip Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shikar
Gurmej Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhilwan
Gurmej Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot Randhawa
Harjit Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Mehman
Kulwant Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Surat Malhi
Malkeet Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shangewali
Manjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dargawal
Nishan Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pabbarali
Rashpal Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Surat Malhi
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 30-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maman
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 13 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaler Khurd
Bachittar Singh Male, age 42-43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhumbli
Balbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sathiali
Baldev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Ghuman Khurd
Darshan Singh Male, age 60-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gosal
Dharamjeet Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Bangar
Gulzar Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dera Santokh Singh
Gurvinder Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gurdaspur
Harpal Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Zafarwal
Jasbir Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohar
Malook Singh Male, age 17 at time of disappearance, Khokhar
Mastan Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalanaur
Prabsharan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munan
Pritam Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naharpur
Ranjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sochetgarh
Sarvan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chitti
Sewa Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhopar Saidan
Shingara Singh Male, age 49-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rose
Shingara Singh Male, age 60-62 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dostpur
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalanaur
Summiter Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mulanwal
Pathankot Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balotar

Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Simarjit Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Lubana
Kapurthala Subdistrict
Balveer Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialpur

Rupnagar District

Anandpur Sahib Subdistrict
Makhan Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Anandpur Sahib

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 34-35 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Narinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Anpara, Uttar Pradesh

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Batala (Bawali Inderjit, Buddhe Di Khuhi, Marrianwala, Sekhri):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.4% Male 189
 
 
2.6% Female 5

Marital status

65.5% Not married 127
 
 
34.5% Married 67

If married, did the victim have children?

26.8% Yes 52
 
 
6.7% No 13


Total children surviving victims: 151


Religion

99.5% Sikh 193
 
 
0.5% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

86.6% Jat 168
 
 
13.4% Non-Jat 26

Age

6.2% 0-17 12
 
78.4% 18-33 152
 
9.8% 34-49 19
 
2.6% 50-64 5
 
0.5% 65+ 1
 

Education

10.8% No education 21
 
15.5% Primary school 30
 
19.1% Middle school 37
 
42.8% High school 83
 
2.1% Some college 4
 
5.2% College degree 10
 
1.0% Graduate degree 2
 
3.1% Vocational degree 6
 

Employment

42.8% Farmer/agriculture 83
 
18.6% Student 36
 
7.2% Day labourer 14
 
5.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 10
 
5.2% Shopkeeper 10
 
4.6% Mechanic 9
 
2.1% Housewife 4
 
1.5% Unemployed 3
 
21.1% Other 41
 

Urban / Rural

90.7% Rural 176
 
 
5.2% Urban 10

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

51.5% Yes 100
 
 
48.5% No 94

Prior torture

47.9% Yes 93
 
 
3.6% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

83.0% Yes 161
 
 
16.5% No 32

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

19.3% Yes 26
 
 
83.0% No 112

Witnesses to abduction

69.6% Yes 135
 
 
3.1% No 6

Victim abduction location

19.6% Roadside 38
 
18.0% Friend/relative's residence 35
 
12.9% Victim’s residence 25
 
7.7% Village fields 15
 
3.1% Bus station/stand 6
 
1.5% Shop/market 3
 
1.5% Village drain 3
 
1.0% Police station 2
 
15.5% Other 30
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

53.6% Yes 104
 
 
29.4% No 57

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

10.3% Gave no response 20
 
7.2% Other 14
 
6.7% Denied involvement 13
 
4.6% Told family to go to another police station 9
 
4.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 9
 
2.6% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 5
 
0.5% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 
0.5% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 
0.5% Victim killed by militants 1
 
0.5% Victim had escaped 1
 
0.5% Admitted custody only 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.1% Yes 6
 
 
45.9% No 89

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

94.3% Extrajudicial executions 183
 
 
5.7% Enforced disappearances 11

Number of victims per family

87.1% 1 victim 169
 
10.3% 2 victims 20
 
1.0% 3 victims 2
 
1.5% 4 victims 3
 

Related incidents

3.1% Genuine encounters in family 6
 
 
96.4% No genuine encounters in family 187

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

58.8% Cremated the body 114
 
0.5% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

5.7% Yes 11
 
1.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
86.6% No 168
 

Condition of corpse, if known

10.8% Bullet wounds 21
 
7.2% Cuts/wounds 14
 
6.2% Broken bones 12
 
4.1% Missing hair from head or face 8
 
4.1% Bruises 8
 
4.1% Burn marks 8
 
3.6% Other 7
 
2.6% Missing fingernails 5
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

73.7% Yes 143
 
 
16.5% No 32

Security forces uniformed

84.4% Yes 114
 
 
10.4% No 14

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

79.4% Punjab Police 154
 
9.8% BSF 19
 
8.2% CRPF 16
 
3.1% Black cat 6
 
1.0% Other 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

89.7% Punjab police 174
 
5.7% CRPF 11
 
4.1% BSF 8
 
1.5% Black cat 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

64.4% Combatant 125
 
 
31.4% Non-combatant 61

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

6.2% Yes 12
 
 
24.2% No 47

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.7% Yes 11
 
 
0.5% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

16.0% Yes 31
 
 
82.5% No 160

Approached security officials

28.4% Yes 55
 
 
70.6% No 137

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

70.1% Afraid of retaliation 136
 
26.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 52
 
21.1% Didn’t know what to do 41
 
16.0% Couldn’t afford 31
 
2.1% Not applicable 4
 
0.5% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

79.4% Monetary compensation to family 154
 
61.9% Employment 120
 
61.3% Truth commission 119
 
51.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 99
 
47.9% Memorial for victims 93
 
43.3% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 84
 
42.8% Investigations into abuses 83
 
35.1% Rehabilitation services to family members 68
 
4.6% Desire nothing from government 9
 
0.5% Other 1
 

Year & District  

District

12.4% Amritsar 24
 
0.5% Faridkot 1
 
81.4% Gurdaspur 158
 
1.0% Kapurthala 2
 
0.5% Rupnagar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
2.6% 1984 5
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
3.6% 1986 7
 
5.7% 1987 11
 
4.6% 1988 9
 
18.6% 1989 36
 
8.8% 1990 17
 
18.6% 1991 36
 
25.8% 1992 50
 
9.3% 1993 18
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.5% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.