Qadian

35 documented cases implicating security forces based in Qadian:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Roshan Lal Male, age 52 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kadrabad

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhapai
Daljit Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kandila
Gurdit Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awan
Gurmej Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kahlwan
Hardiyal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Udhowal
Jagdish Raj Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qadian
Jaswant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra
Jaswant Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandke
Major Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Awan
Mangal Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Manjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Sangatpura
Manzoor Ahmad Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qadian
Partap Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhapai
Prem Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhapai
Sarabjeet Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhapai
Satnam Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhapai
Satnam Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Bhait
Surinder Pal Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kahlwan
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 16-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Granthian
Zubair Ahmad Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qadian
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Apar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Bangar
Balbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sathiali
Dalbir Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kala Bala
Gurdeep Singh Goraya Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pasnawal
Gurdial Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khara
Harjinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arjanpur
Kuldip Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sandhwan
Nirmal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thakar Sandhu
Prabsharan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munan
Puran Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Datarpur
Rajinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buttar Kalan
Tarsem Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gazikot

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Qadian:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 35
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

57.1% Not married 20
 
 
42.9% Married 15

If married, did the victim have children?

37.1% Yes 13
 
 
5.7% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 34


Religion

91.4% Sikh 32
 
 
8.6% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

80.0% Jat 28
 
 
20.0% Non-Jat 7

Age

2.9% 0-17 1
 
82.9% 18-33 29
 
11.4% 34-49 4
 
2.9% 50-64 1
 

Education

8.6% No education 3
 
17.1% Primary school 6
 
25.7% Middle school 9
 
40.0% High school 14
 
5.7% College degree 2
 
2.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

51.4% Farmer/agriculture 18
 
8.6% Student 3
 
5.7% Day labourer 2
 
5.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
5.7% Shopkeeper 2
 
5.7% Mechanic 2
 
25.7% Other 9
 

Urban / Rural

85.7% Rural 30
 
 
8.6% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

37.1% Yes 13
 
 
62.9% No 22

Prior torture

34.3% Yes 12
 
 
2.9% No 1

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

82.9% Yes 29
 
 
17.1% No 6

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

17.4% Yes 4
 
 
95.7% No 22

Witnesses to abduction

65.7% Yes 23
 
 
2.9% No 1

Victim abduction location

20.0% Roadside 7
 
17.1% Friend/relative's residence 6
 
14.3% Victim’s residence 5
 
11.4% Village fields 4
 
2.9% Bus station/stand 1
 
2.9% Police station 1
 
2.9% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
2.9% Shop/market 1
 
5.7% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

57.1% Yes 20
 
 
25.7% No 9

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

11.4% Gave no response 4
 
8.6% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
8.6% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
5.7% Other 2
 
5.7% Denied involvement 2
 
2.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.9% Yes 1
 
 
57.1% No 20

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

91.4% Extrajudicial executions 32
 
 
8.6% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

91.4% 1 victim 32
 
8.6% 2 victim 3
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 35

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

54.3% Cremated the body 19
 
2.9% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

14.3% Yes 5
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
77.1% No 27
 

Condition of corpse, if known

11.4% Bullet wounds 4
 
5.7% Bruises 2
 
2.9% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

74.3% Yes 26
 
 
17.1% No 6

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 23
 
 
4.3% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

74.3% Punjab Police 26
 
14.3% BSF 5
 
8.6% CRPF 3
 
2.9% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.0% Punjab police 28
 
14.3% BSF 5
 
14.3% CRPF 5
 
5.7% Black cat 2
 
2.9% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

57.1% Combatant 20
 
 
42.9% Non-combatant 15

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

5.7% Yes 2
 
 
28.6% No 10

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.7% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

11.4% Yes 4
 
 
88.6% No 31

Approached security officials

34.3% Yes 12
 
 
65.7% No 23

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

74.3% Afraid of retaliation 26
 
22.9% Didn’t know what to do 8
 
20.0% Couldn’t afford 7
 
14.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 

Remedies desired from government

74.3% Monetary compensation to family 26
 
54.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 19
 
54.3% Employment 19
 
51.4% Truth commission 18
 
42.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 15
 
40.0% Investigations into abuses 14
 
34.3% Memorial for victims 12
 
31.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 11
 
8.6% Desire nothing from government 3
 
5.7% Other 2
 

Year & District 

District

2.9% Amritsar 1
 
91.4% Gurdaspur 32
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
5.7% 1986 2
 
5.7% 1987 2
 
2.9% 1988 1
 
8.6% 1989 3
 
14.3% 1990 5
 
31.4% 1991 11
 
22.9% 1992 8
 
2.9% 1993 1
 
2.9% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
2.9% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.