Dhariwal

43 documented cases implicating security forces based in Dhariwal:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Kalan
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Ranjit Singh Male, age 37 at time of disappearance, Gadli
Satnam Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian Kalan
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Harjinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehta
Patti Subdistrict
Harpal Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Puhla

Chandigarh District

Chandigarh Subdistrict
Nishan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandigarh

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jangla
Hardev Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Jasbir Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madra
Shindpal Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23-25 at time of disappearance, Dhanda
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nikko Sarai
Charan Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of disappearance, Megha
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 30-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maman
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Theh Tikha
Baldev Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rai Chak
Balvir Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manepur
Buta Singh Male, age 47 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jandey
Darshan Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Satkoha
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kang
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohal
Gurnam Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Danianwali
Gurnam Singh Male, age 50-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhumbli
Hardeep Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanowala
Harwant Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mulianwala
Heera Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Babri Nangal
Jasbir Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gosal
Kahan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Buttar Kalan
Karam Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tatley
Kulwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahbal Chak
Mangat Maseeh Male, age 61-62 at time of extrajudicial execution, Athwal
Paramjeet Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hem Rajpur
Pargat Maseeh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Athwal
Pritam Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohal
Ranjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sochetgarh
Ranjot Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kang
Ratan Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lakhan Khurd
Sarbjeet Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naushehra Majja Singh
Satwant Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Arjanpur
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Devidaspur
Tajinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Satkoha

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Dhariwal:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 43
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

55.8% Not married 24
 
 
44.2% Married 19

If married, did the victim have children?

41.9% Yes 18
 
 
2.3% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 47


Religion

95.3% Sikh 41
 
 
4.7% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

83.7% Jat 36
 
 
16.3% Non-Jat 7

Age

81.4% 18-33 35
 
11.6% 34-49 5
 
4.7% 50-64 2
 

Education

9.3% No education 4
 
16.3% Primary school 7
 
20.9% Middle school 9
 
39.5% High school 17
 
7.0% Some college 3
 
7.0% College degree 3
 

Employment

48.8% Farmer/agriculture 21
 
18.6% Student 8
 
14.0% Day labourer 6
 
4.7% Shopkeeper 2
 
2.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
2.3% Unemployed 1
 
20.9% Other 9
 

Urban / Rural

93.0% Rural 40
 
 
2.3% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

51.2% Yes 22
 
 
48.8% No 21

Prior torture

46.5% Yes 20
 
 
4.7% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

81.4% Yes 35
 
 
18.6% No 8

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

25.8% Yes 8
 
 
74.2% No 23

Witnesses to abduction

72.1% Yes 31
 
 
4.7% No 2

Victim abduction location

23.3% Victim’s residence 10
 
16.3% Friend/relative's residence 7
 
7.0% Roadside 3
 
7.0% Bus station/stand 3
 
4.7% Village fields 2
 
2.3% Village drain 1
 
2.3% Shop/market 1
 
18.6% Other 8
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

67.4% Yes 29
 
 
14.0% No 6

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.0% Gave no response 6
 
9.3% Other 4
 
7.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
7.0% Denied involvement 3
 
2.3% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

11.6% Yes 5
 
 
37.2% No 16

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.7% Extrajudicial executions 39
 
 
9.3% Enforced disappearances 4

Number of victims per family

86.0% 1 victim 37
 
11.6% 2 victim 5
 
2.3% 4 victim 1
 

Related incidents

4.7% Genuine encounters in family 2
 
 
95.3% No genuine encounters in family 41

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

60.5% Cremated the body 26
 

Security forces returned body

14.0% Yes 6
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
76.7% No 33
 

Condition of corpse, if known

7.0% Bullet wounds 3
 
4.7% Bruises 2
 
4.7% Broken bones 2
 
2.3% Other 1
 
2.3% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
2.3% Cuts/wounds 1
 
2.3% Burn marks 1
 
2.3% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

90.7% Yes 39
 
 
7.0% No 3

Security forces uniformed

90.3% Yes 28
 
 
9.7% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

72.1% Punjab Police 31
 
9.3% Other 4
 
9.3% BSF 4
 
2.3% Black cat 1
 
2.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
2.3% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

90.7% Punjab police 39
 
9.3% BSF 4
 
7.0% Black cat 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

60.5% Combatant 26
 
 
37.2% Non-combatant 16

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

14.0% Yes 6
 
 
23.3% No 10

If provided support, support was voluntary

9.3% Yes 4
 
 
4.7% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

11.6% Yes 5
 
 
86.0% No 37

Approached security officials

32.6% Yes 14
 
 
65.1% No 28

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

55.8% Afraid of retaliation 24
 
41.9% Couldn’t afford 18
 
9.3% Didn’t know what to do 4
 
7.0% Not applicable 3
 
4.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 

Remedies desired from government

81.4% Monetary compensation to family 35
 
62.8% Employment 27
 
58.1% Truth commission 25
 
51.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 22
 
37.2% Memorial for victims 16
 
34.9% Investigations into abuses 15
 
34.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 15
 
34.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 15
 
2.3% Other 1
 
2.3% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District 

District

11.6% Amritsar 5
 
81.4% Gurdaspur 35
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
2.3% 1985 1
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
14.0% 1987 6
 
4.7% 1988 2
 
2.3% 1989 1
 
16.3% 1990 7
 
25.6% 1991 11
 
25.6% 1992 11
 
4.7% 1993 2
 
2.3% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
2.3% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.