Bhikhiwind (Bainka)

107 documented cases implicating security forces based in Bhikhiwind (Bainka):


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Harjeet Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhindi Aulakh Kalan
Malagar Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehmadpura
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Tehal Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shafipur
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sathiala
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Subek Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kang
Patti Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhugian Nur Mohammad
Anwar Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kals
Avtar Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharyala Khurd
Bagicha Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Wasawa Singh
Baldev Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Kalsian Kalan
Baldev Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Narli
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahmudpura
Bhagat Singh Male, age 80 at time of extrajudicial execution, Farandipur
Butta Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Butta Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warnala
Darshan Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Manhala Jai Singh
Darshan Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahmudpura
Gurbinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akbarpura
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Gurjaap Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pahu Wind
Gurmeet Kaur Female, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalia
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Gurmej Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of disappearance, Mahmudpura
Gurmej Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhikhiwind
Gurmej Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sandpura
Gurnam Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Udhoke
Gurnam Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhura Karimpura
Hansa Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Kalan
Hari Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahmudpura
Hazara Singh Male, age 69-70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balair
Jagir Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sugga
Jaimal Singh Male, age 17-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sidhwan
Jasbir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tut
Jasbir Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singhpura
Jetha Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Khurd
Jugraj Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bainka
Karj Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalairi
Kashmir Singh Male, age 23-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhul Nau
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madar Mathra Bhagi
Ladi Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Puhla
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manhala Jai Singh
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ahmedpur
Lakwinder Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Mangat Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Manjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Farandipur
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Mulla Singh Male, age 57-62 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhul Kohna
Ninder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munawan
Paramjit Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhikhiwind
Paramjit Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kirtowal
Pargat Singh Male, age 45-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balair
Pargat Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Pargat Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warnala
Punjab Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sugga
Raj Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sandhra
Raj Singh Male, age 29-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhugian Pir Bakhash
Ram Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Ranjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Ranjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dode
Resham Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dal
Resham Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhariwal
Salwinder Singh Male, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kals
Sardool Singh Male, age 50-51 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balair
Sardul Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jodh Singhwala
Sarwan Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Satnam Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chakwalia
Subeg Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Sukhchain Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Samrai
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Wind
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singhpura
Sukhraj Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kirtowal
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balair
Sukhwinder Kaur Female, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehpur
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Surinder Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Surinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of disappearance, Benka
Surjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wiram
Surjit Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manhala Jai Singh
Surjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Swaran Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharyala Atma Singh
Swaran Singh Male, age 59-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Tarsem Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Margindpura
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of disappearance, Sakhira
Gurmel Singh Male, age 41 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Gola
Kawaljit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhullar
Khajan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 29-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhojian
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhina Bidhi Chand
Palwinder Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohal Thathi
Sawinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohal Sain Bhagat

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Amloh Subdistrict
Kewal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gobindgarh

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Kehar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Urmar Tanda

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurmeet Kaur Female, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurpreet Kaur Female, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 10-11 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Jaswant Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tappa
Jaswant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapa

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 20-29 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Santokh Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uttar Pradesh

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Bhikhiwind (Bainka):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.3% Male 103
 
 
3.7% Female 4

Marital status

59.8% Not married 64
 
 
40.2% Married 43

If married, did the victim have children?

31.8% Yes 34
 
 
6.5% No 7


Total children surviving victims: 101


Religion

100.0% Sikh 107
 

Caste

73.8% Jat 79
 
 
26.2% Non-Jat 28

Age

4.7% 0-17 5
 
77.6% 18-33 83
 
7.5% 34-49 8
 
4.7% 50-64 5
 
2.8% 65+ 3
 

Education

43.0% No education 46
 
12.1% Primary school 13
 
14.0% Middle school 15
 
25.2% High school 27
 
1.9% College degree 2
 
1.9% Graduate degree 2
 
0.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

57.0% Farmer/agriculture 61
 
13.1% Day labourer 14
 
4.7% Student 5
 
2.8% Shopkeeper 3
 
2.8% Housewife 3
 
2.8% Mechanic 3
 
0.9% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
0.9% Unemployed 1
 
15.0% Other 16
 

Urban / Rural

89.7% Rural 96
 
 
5.6% Urban 6

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

37.4% Yes 40
 
 
62.6% No 67

Prior torture

30.8% Yes 33
 
 
6.5% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

79.4% Yes 85
 
 
18.7% No 20

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

16.9% Yes 12
 
 
69.0% No 49

Witnesses to abduction

66.4% Yes 71
 
 
2.8% No 3

Victim abduction location

19.6% Friend/relative's residence 21
 
12.1% Victim’s residence 13
 
10.3% Roadside 11
 
7.5% Village fields 8
 
2.8% Police station 3
 
2.8% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
1.9% Shop/market 2
 
0.9% Village drain 1
 
17.8% Other 19
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

61.7% Yes 66
 
 
17.8% No 19

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

19.6% Denied involvement 21
 
15.9% Other 17
 
11.2% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 12
 
8.4% Told family to go to another police station 9
 
7.5% Gave no response 8
 
3.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 4
 
2.8% Admitted custody only 3
 
0.9% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.9% Yes 1
 
 
55.1% No 59

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

94.4% Extrajudicial executions 101
 
 
5.6% Enforced disappearances 6

Number of victims per family

74.8% 1 victim 80
 
15.0% 2 victim 16
 
4.7% 3 victim 5
 
5.6% 7 victim 6
 

Related incidents

4.7% Genuine encounters in family 5
 
 
94.4% No genuine encounters in family 101

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

37.4% Cremated the body 40
 
2.8% Dumped body in canal or river 3
 

Security forces returned body

15.9% Yes 17
 
0.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
77.6% No 83
 

Condition of corpse, if known

17.8% Bullet wounds 19
 
4.7% Bruises 5
 
4.7% Cuts/wounds 5
 
1.9% Other 2
 
1.9% Broken bones 2
 
0.9% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

70.1% Yes 75
 
 
17.8% No 19

Security forces uniformed

80.3% Yes 57
 
 
1.4% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

76.6% Punjab Police 82
 
15.0% CRPF 16
 
0.9% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

94.4% Punjab police 101
 
13.1% CRPF 14
 
0.9% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.6% Combatant 37
 
 
64.5% Non-combatant 69

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

21.5% Yes 23
 
 
42.1% No 45

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.3% Yes 11
 
 
9.3% No 10

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

43.0% Yes 46
 
 
55.1% No 59

Approached security officials

53.3% Yes 57
 
 
46.7% No 50

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

46.7% Afraid of retaliation 50
 
14.0% Didn’t know what to do 15
 
8.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 9
 
6.5% Couldn’t afford 7
 

Remedies desired from government

78.5% Monetary compensation to family 84
 
64.5% Employment 69
 
39.3% Truth commission 42
 
35.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 38
 
29.9% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 32
 
19.6% Rehabilitation services to family members 21
 
18.7% Investigations into abuses 20
 
10.3% Memorial for victims 11
 
1.9% Other 2
 
0.9% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District 

District

86.9% Amritsar 93
 
0.9% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
0.9% Hoshiarpur 1
 
4.7% Kapurthala 5
 
1.9% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.9% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.9% 1987 1
 
4.7% 1988 5
 
13.1% 1989 14
 
7.5% 1990 8
 
21.5% 1991 23
 
23.4% 1992 25
 
21.5% 1993 23
 
0.9% 1994 1
 
0.9% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.7% Date Unknown 5
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.