Bhikhiwind (Bainka)

109 documented cases implicating security forces based in Bhikhiwind (Bainka):


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Harjeet Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhindi Aulakh Kalan
Malagar Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehmadpura
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Tehal Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shafipur
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sathiala
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Subekh Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kang
Patti Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Udhoke
Amrik Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhugian Nur Mohammad
Anwar Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kals
Avtar Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharyala Khurd
Bagicha Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotli Wasawa Singh
Baldev Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Narli
Baldev Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Kalsian Kalan
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahmudpura
Bhagat Singh Male, age 80 at time of extrajudicial execution, Farandipur
Butta Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warnala
Butta Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Darshan Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahmudpura
Darshan Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Manhala Jai Singh
Gurbinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akbarpura
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Gurjaap Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pahu Wind
Gurmeet Kaur Female, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalia
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Gurmej Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sandpura
Gurmej Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of disappearance, Mahmudpura
Gurmej Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhikhiwind
Gurnam Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhura Karimpura
Gurnam Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Udhoke
Hansa Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Kalan
Hari Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahmudpura
Hazara Singh Male, age 69-70 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balair
Jagir Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sugga
Jaimal Singh Male, age 17-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sidhwan
Jasbir Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhun
Jasbir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tut
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singhpura
Jetha Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Khurd
Jugraj Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bainka
Karj Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalairi
Kashmir Singh Male, age 23-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhul Nau
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madar Mathra Bhagi
Ladi Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Burj Puhla
Lakhbir Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manhala Jai Singh
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ahmedpur
Lakwinder Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Mangat Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Manjit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Farandipur
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Mulla Singh Male, age 57-62 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhul Kohna
Ninder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munawan
Paramjit Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhikhiwind
Paramjit Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kirtowal
Pargat Singh Male, age 45-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balair
Pargat Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warnala
Pargat Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Punjab Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sugga
Raj Singh Male, age 29-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhugian Pir Bakhash
Raj Singh Male, age 35-36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sandhra
Ram Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Ranjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dode
Ranjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Resham Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dal
Resham Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhariwal
Salwinder Singh Male, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kals
Sardool Singh Male, age 50-51 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balair
Sardul Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jodh Singhwala
Sarwan Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Satnam Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chakwalia
Subeg Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Sukhchain Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Samrai
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Wind
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singhpura
Sukhraj Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kirtowal
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balair
Sukhwinder Kaur Female, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehpur
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Surinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of disappearance, Benka
Surinder Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Surjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wiram
Surjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Surjit Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manhala Jai Singh
Swaran Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharyala Atma Singh
Swaran Singh Male, age 59-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Tarsem Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Margindpura
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of disappearance, Sakhira
Gurmel Singh Male, age 41 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Gola
Kawaljit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhullar
Khajan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thatha
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 29-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhojian
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhina Bidhi Chand
Palwinder Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohal Thathi
Sawinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohal Sain Bhagat

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Amloh Subdistrict
Kewal Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gobindgarh

Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Pargat Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chamb

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Kehar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Urmar Tanda

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurmeet Kaur Female, age 55-60 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Gurpreet Kaur Female, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 10-11 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Jaswant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapa
Jaswant Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tappa

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-29 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Santokh Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uttar Pradesh

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Bhikhiwind (Bainka):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.3% Male 105
 
 
3.7% Female 4

Marital status

60.6% Not married 66
 
 
39.4% Married 43

If married, did the victim have children?

31.2% Yes 34
 
 
6.4% No 7


Total children surviving victims: 101


Religion

100.0% Sikh 109
 

Caste

74.3% Jat 81
 
 
25.7% Non-Jat 28

Age

6.4% 0-17 7
 
76.1% 18-33 83
 
7.3% 34-49 8
 
4.6% 50-64 5
 
2.8% 65+ 3
 

Education

43.1% No education 47
 
11.9% Primary school 13
 
14.7% Middle school 16
 
24.8% High school 27
 
1.8% College degree 2
 
1.8% Graduate degree 2
 
0.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

56.9% Farmer/agriculture 62
 
12.8% Day labourer 14
 
4.6% Student 5
 
3.7% Shopkeeper 4
 
2.8% Mechanic 3
 
2.8% Housewife 3
 
0.9% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
0.9% Unemployed 1
 
14.7% Other 16
 

Urban / Rural

89.9% Rural 98
 
 
5.5% Urban 6

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

37.6% Yes 41
 
 
62.4% No 68

Prior torture

31.2% Yes 34
 
 
6.4% No 7

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.9% Yes 86
 
 
19.3% No 21

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

16.9% Yes 12
 
 
69.0% No 49

Witnesses to abduction

65.1% Yes 71
 
 
2.8% No 3

Victim abduction location

19.3% Friend/relative's residence 21
 
11.9% Victim’s residence 13
 
10.1% Roadside 11
 
7.3% Village fields 8
 
2.8% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
2.8% Police station 3
 
1.8% Shop/market 2
 
0.9% Village drain 1
 
17.4% Other 19
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

61.5% Yes 67
 
 
17.4% No 19

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.2% Denied involvement 22
 
15.6% Other 17
 
11.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 12
 
8.3% Told family to go to another police station 9
 
7.3% Gave no response 8
 
3.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 4
 
2.8% Admitted custody only 3
 
0.9% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.9% Yes 1
 
 
55.0% No 60

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

94.5% Extrajudicial executions 103
 
 
5.5% Enforced disappearances 6

Number of victims per family

75.2% 1 victim 82
 
14.7% 2 victim 16
 
4.6% 3 victim 5
 
5.5% 7 victim 6
 

Related incidents

4.6% Genuine encounters in family 5
 
 
94.5% No genuine encounters in family 103

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

38.5% Cremated the body 42
 
2.8% Dumped body in canal or river 3
 

Security forces returned body

15.6% Yes 17
 
0.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
78.0% No 85
 

Condition of corpse, if known

19.3% Bullet wounds 21
 
6.4% Bruises 7
 
6.4% Cuts/wounds 7
 
1.8% Broken bones 2
 
1.8% Other 2
 
0.9% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

70.6% Yes 77
 
 
17.4% No 19

Security forces uniformed

81.7% Yes 58
 
 
1.4% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

76.1% Punjab Police 83
 
15.6% CRPF 17
 
0.9% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

94.5% Punjab police 103
 
16.5% CRPF 18
 
0.9% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.9% Combatant 38
 
 
63.3% Non-combatant 69

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

21.1% Yes 23
 
 
41.3% No 45

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.1% Yes 11
 
 
9.2% No 10

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

43.1% Yes 47
 
 
55.0% No 60

Approached security officials

53.2% Yes 58
 
 
46.8% No 51

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

45.9% Afraid of retaliation 50
 
14.7% Didn’t know what to do 16
 
8.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 9
 
6.4% Couldn’t afford 7
 

Remedies desired from government

78.9% Monetary compensation to family 86
 
65.1% Employment 71
 
40.4% Truth commission 44
 
35.8% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 39
 
30.3% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 33
 
20.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 22
 
19.3% Investigations into abuses 21
 
10.1% Memorial for victims 11
 
1.8% Other 2
 
0.9% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District 

District

86.2% Amritsar 94
 
0.9% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
0.9% Firozpur 1
 
0.9% Hoshiarpur 1
 
4.6% Kapurthala 5
 
1.8% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.9% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.9% 1987 1
 
4.6% 1988 5
 
14.7% 1989 16
 
7.3% 1990 8
 
21.1% 1991 23
 
22.9% 1992 25
 
21.1% 1993 23
 
0.9% 1994 1
 
0.9% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.6% Date Unknown 5
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.