Patti

106 documented cases implicating security forces based in Patti:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Bikramjit Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sehnsra
Harinder Singh Male, age 44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Motla
Sawinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhoewali
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Dhera Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Kashmir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Patti Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rattoke
Amolak Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Budh Singh
Amrik Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dubli
Amrik Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nadohar
Bakhsheesh Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido
Bakhshish Singh Male, age 39-41 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhul Nau
Balbir Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dholan
Balbir Singh Male, age 38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sito Nauabad
Balbir Singh Male, age 45-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur
Baldev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manhala Jai Singh
Bhajan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sungwan
Bikar Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Butta Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warnala
Chanchal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Dara Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ram Singh Wala
Darshan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahmniwala
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhagana
Gurbinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sur Singh
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehdipur
Gurdarshan Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti Rural
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Sobha Singh
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharyali Rarian Wali
Gurmej Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tut
Gurnam Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saido
Gurnam Singh Male, age 37-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Gurnam Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Asal Uttar
Gurnam Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ahmedpur
Gursahib Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akbarpura
Harbans Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Harbans Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Harpal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Kalan
Jagir Singh Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madar Mathra Bhagi
Jagtar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ram Singh Wala
Jaimal Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaur Singhwala
Jaimal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Sobha Singh
Jasbir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tut
Jaspal Singh Male, age 23-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharyali Rarian Wali
Jaswant Singh Male, age 59 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lauhka
Jaswant Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bathe Bhaini
Kanwaljit Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhagana
Karnal Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gharyala
Kartar Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chuslewar
Kartar Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Kulwant Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Asal Uttar
Kulwant Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kairon
Malinder Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uboke
Mangal Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gajjal
Mangal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagupura
Mehar Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warnala
Nasib Kaur Female, age 45-46 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rasulpur
Nikku Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ahmedpur
Partap Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Budha
Ram Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manhala Jai Singh
Ranjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Ranjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dode
Rasal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uboke
Sarabpal Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarai Valtoha
Saraj Singh Male, age 13 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sito Nauabad
Sarwan Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maneke Jand
Satinder Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Mutsadda Singh
Shamir Singh Male, age 75-76 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dubli
Shamsher Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madar Mathra Bhagi
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Valtoha
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kirtowal
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahid
Sukhraj Singh Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, Bahmniwala
Sukhwant Singh Male, age 38-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahmniwala
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chima Kalan
Surta Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of disappearance, Buh Havelian
Taar Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sabhrai
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koharaka
Didar Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhappa
Gulzar Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hawelian
Gulzar Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hawelian
Gurdev Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gulalipur
Gurmej Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhira
Kamaljit Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malia
Nirwail Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Walipur
Parmjit Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura
Rattan Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koharaka
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali Kalan
Satnam Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gidri Bhagiari
Tarlok Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhappa

Firozpur District

Jalalabad Subdistrict
Kashmir Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madyake
Zira Subdistrict
Resham Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arazi Sabrah
Resham Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Variah

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Pargat Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mugal Chak
Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Bhajan Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarupwal
Shinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarupwal

Sangrur District

Sangrur Subdistrict
Nirang Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kakra

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Pargat Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Delhi

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Patti:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.1% Male 105
 
 
0.9% Female 1

Marital status

61.3% Not married 65
 
 
37.7% Married 40

If married, did the victim have children?

29.2% Yes 31
 
 
5.7% No 6


Total children surviving victims: 89


Religion

100.0% Sikh 106
 

Caste

72.6% Jat 77
 
 
27.4% Non-Jat 29

Age

2.8% 0-17 3
 
74.5% 18-33 79
 
15.1% 34-49 16
 
2.8% 50-64 3
 
0.9% 65+ 1
 
0.9% Age unknown 1
 

Education

37.7% No education 40
 
15.1% Primary school 16
 
15.1% Middle school 16
 
27.4% High school 29
 
1.9% College degree 2
 
0.9% Graduate degree 1
 
1.9% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

57.5% Farmer/agriculture 61
 
13.2% Day labourer 14
 
4.7% Shopkeeper 5
 
4.7% Unemployed 5
 
3.8% Student 4
 
2.8% Driver (bus/truck/car) 3
 
0.9% Housewife 1
 
15.1% Other 16
 

Urban / Rural

87.7% Rural 93
 
 
8.5% Urban 9

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

43.4% Yes 46
 
 
54.7% No 58

Prior torture

30.2% Yes 32
 
 
13.2% No 14

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.3% Yes 83
 
 
21.7% No 23

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 14
 
 
71.4% No 50

Witnesses to abduction

66.0% Yes 70
 
 
2.8% No 3

Victim abduction location

19.8% Victim’s residence 21
 
16.0% Friend/relative's residence 17
 
11.3% Roadside 12
 
10.4% Village fields 11
 
3.8% Bus station/stand 4
 
2.8% Shop/market 3
 
1.9% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
0.9% Village drain 1
 
8.5% Other 9
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

60.4% Yes 64
 
 
17.9% No 19

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.3% Denied involvement 13
 
10.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 11
 
10.4% Gave no response 11
 
7.5% Other 8
 
4.7% Admitted custody only 5
 
3.8% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 4
 
3.8% Told family to go to another police station 4
 
0.9% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

3.8% Yes 4
 
 
49.1% No 52

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

98.1% Extrajudicial executions 104
 
 
1.9% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

80.2% 1 victim 85
 
15.1% 2 victims 16
 
4.7% 3 victims 5
 

Related incidents

5.7% Genuine encounters in family 6
 
 
94.3% No genuine encounters in family 100

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

60.4% Cremated the body 64
 
0.9% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

14.2% Yes 15
 
1.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
82.1% No 87
 

Condition of corpse, if known

17.0% Bullet wounds 18
 
4.7% Burn marks 5
 
3.8% Cuts/wounds 4
 
2.8% Broken bones 3
 
2.8% Bruises 3
 
0.9% Other 1
 
0.9% Missing fingernails 1
 
0.9% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

57.5% Yes 61
 
 
24.5% No 26

Security forces uniformed

85.7% Yes 60
 
 
5.7% No 4

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

71.7% Punjab Police 76
 
12.3% CRPF 13
 
1.9% Other 2
 
0.9% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

92.5% Punjab police 98
 
10.4% CRPF 11
 
0.9% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

43.4% Combatant 46
 
 
54.7% Non-combatant 58

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

19.8% Yes 21
 
 
34.0% No 36

If provided support, support was voluntary

7.5% Yes 8
 
 
9.4% No 10

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

60.4% Yes 64
 
 
37.7% No 40

Approached security officials

45.3% Yes 48
 
 
53.8% No 57

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

31.1% Afraid of retaliation 33
 
13.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 14
 
9.4% Didn’t know what to do 10
 
5.7% Couldn’t afford 6
 
0.9% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

76.4% Monetary compensation to family 81
 
61.3% Employment 65
 
41.5% Truth commission 44
 
34.0% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 36
 
31.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 33
 
22.6% Investigations into abuses 24
 
13.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 14
 
6.6% Memorial for victims 7
 
3.8% Other 4
 
1.9% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District  

District

89.6% Amritsar 95
 
2.8% Firozpur 3
 
2.8% Kapurthala 3
 
0.9% Sangrur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.9% 1984 1
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.9% 1986 1
 
2.8% 1987 3
 
5.7% 1988 6
 
4.7% 1989 5
 
14.2% 1990 15
 
24.5% 1991 26
 
28.3% 1992 30
 
11.3% 1993 12
 
3.8% 1994 4
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.