Budha Theh (Beas)

67 documented cases implicating security forces based in Budha Theh (Beas):


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gehri
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Sakattar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gilwali
Satnam Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warpal
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Amanpreet Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajpura
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhardeo
Amarjit Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dehriwala
Angrej Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalal
Avtar Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Baba Bakala
Bachan Singh Male, age 38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajadewal
Balkar Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shahpur
Darshan Kaur Female, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajadewal
Dawinder Kaur Female, age 23-24 at time of disappearance, Pallah
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pheruman
Gurbaljit Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lohgarh
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangli
Gurdev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Gurjant Kaur Female, age 1 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajadewal
Gurmail Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chimabath
Gurnam Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rayya
Gurvinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butala
Gurwinder Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pheruman
Hardyal Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehta
Harjinder Kaur Female, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajadewal
Harjinder Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butala
Harjinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of disappearance, Sheron Nigah
Harminderpal Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Baba Bakala
Inder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butala
Jasbir Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Baba Bakala
Jatinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Rayya
Joga Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajadewal
Kawaljit Kaur Female, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kammonke
Kawaljit Kaur Female, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajadewal
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadala Khurd
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balsarai
Kulwant Kaur Female, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, Pallah
Madanjit Kaur Female, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajadewal
Major Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapiala
Manjit Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lohgarh
Manjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sathiala
Manjit Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhardeo
Manjit Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sadhar Rajputan
Nanak Singh Male, age 45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Naurangpura
Prem Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chimabath
Rajbir Kaur Female, age 7 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajadewal
Sahib Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Sarmukh Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Muchhal
Sarwan Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malik Nangal
Satnam Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of disappearance, Khanpur
Sawinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Paddey
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaler Ghumman
Yadwinder Singh Male, age 4-5 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajadewal
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangar
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khojkipur
Gurmej Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Vain Poin
Gurpal Singh Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gagrewal
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Khella
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Paddri

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Cheema
Maswinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Purian Khurd
Narinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bharath
Sarabjit Singh Male, age 25-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ladha Munda
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Lakhwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sathiali

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Jaspal Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Subhana
Randhir Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Gurbakhsh Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhaliwal Bet

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Didar Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haripur Alias Rormajra

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Budha Theh (Beas):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

86.6% Male 58
 
 
13.4% Female 9

Marital status

58.2% Not married 39
 
 
41.8% Married 28

If married, did the victim have children?

34.3% Yes 23
 
 
7.5% No 5


Total children surviving victims: 43


Religion

100.0% Sikh 67
 

Caste

85.1% Jat 57
 
 
14.9% Non-Jat 10

Age

9.0% 0-17 6
 
77.6% 18-33 52
 
10.4% 34-49 7
 
1.5% 65+ 1
 

Education

13.4% No education 9
 
17.9% Primary school 12
 
11.9% Middle school 8
 
50.7% High school 34
 
3.0% College degree 2
 
3.0% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

31.3% Farmer/agriculture 21
 
9.0% Student 6
 
9.0% Driver (bus/truck/car) 6
 
9.0% Unemployed 6
 
7.5% Housewife 5
 
4.5% Day labourer 3
 
3.0% Shopkeeper 2
 
1.5% Mechanic 1
 
28.4% Other 19
 

Urban / Rural

94.0% Rural 63
 
 
4.5% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

35.8% Yes 24
 
 
64.2% No 43

Prior torture

26.9% Yes 18
 
 
9.0% No 6

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

76.1% Yes 51
 
 
22.4% No 15

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

25.0% Yes 8
 
 
115.6% No 37

Witnesses to abduction

47.8% Yes 32
 
 
6.0% No 4

Victim abduction location

17.9% Roadside 12
 
16.4% Friend/relative's residence 11
 
14.9% Victim’s residence 10
 
6.0% Checkpoint (naka) 4
 
3.0% Shop/market 2
 
1.5% Village fields 1
 
1.5% Police station 1
 
13.4% Other 9
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

52.2% Yes 35
 
 
22.4% No 15

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

17.9% Other 12
 
11.9% Gave no response 8
 
10.4% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
10.4% Denied involvement 7
 
9.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 6
 
4.5% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
3.0% Admitted custody only 2
 
1.5% Victim accidentally killed in custody 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

1.5% Yes 1
 
 
37.3% No 25

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

91.0% Extrajudicial executions 61
 
 
9.0% Enforced disappearances 6

Number of victims per family

74.6% 1 victim 50
 
4.5% 2 victim 3
 
6.0% 3 victim 4
 
1.5% 4 victim 1
 
13.4% 9 victim 9
 

Related incidents

1.5% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
98.5% No genuine encounters in family 66

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

40.3% Cremated the body 27
 
1.5% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

17.9% Yes 12
 
1.5% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
71.6% No 48
 

Condition of corpse, if known

25.4% Bullet wounds 17
 
7.5% Broken bones 5
 
1.5% Other 1
 
1.5% Bruises 1
 
1.5% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
1.5% Cuts/wounds 1
 
1.5% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

74.6% Yes 50
 
 
17.9% No 12

Security forces uniformed

109.4% Yes 35
 
 
3.1% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

76.1% Punjab Police 51
 
13.4% CRPF 9
 
1.5% Army 1
 
1.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

91.0% Punjab police 61
 
11.9% Black cat 8
 
9.0% CRPF 6
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

32.8% Combatant 22
 
 
67.2% Non-combatant 45

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

35.8% Yes 24
 
 
28.4% No 19

If provided support, support was voluntary

22.4% Yes 15
 
 
11.9% No 8

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

76.1% Yes 51
 
 
23.9% No 16

Approached security officials

47.8% Yes 32
 
 
52.2% No 35

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

16.4% Afraid of retaliation 11
 
7.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 5
 
4.5% Couldn’t afford 3
 
4.5% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
3.0% Not applicable 2
 

Remedies desired from government

79.1% Monetary compensation to family 53
 
56.7% Truth commission 38
 
55.2% Employment 37
 
55.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 37
 
52.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 35
 
14.9% Investigations into abuses 10
 
10.4% Rehabilitation services to family members 7
 
6.0% Memorial for victims 4
 
3.0% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District 

District

85.1% Amritsar 57
 
7.5% Gurdaspur 5
 
3.0% Jalandhar 2
 
1.5% Kapurthala 1
 
1.5% Rupnagar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
6.0% 1987 4
 
4.5% 1988 3
 
3.0% 1989 2
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
31.3% 1991 21
 
37.3% 1992 25
 
10.4% 1993 7
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
1.5% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
1.5% 1997 1
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.5% Date Unknown 3
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.