Begowal (Patti Mikhowal)

3 documented cases implicating security forces based in Begowal (Patti Mikhowal):


Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Amir Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of disappearance, Nangal Lubana
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of disappearance, Nangal Lubana
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Lubana

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Begowal (Patti Mikhowal):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 3
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

100.0% Not married 3
 
 
0.0% Married 0

If married, did the victim have children?


Total children surviving victims: 0


Religion

100.0% Sikh 3
 

Caste

100.0% Non-Jat 3
 

Age

33.3% 0-17 1
 
33.3% 18-33 1
 

Education

66.7% Primary school 2
 
33.3% High school 1
 

Employment

66.7% Farmer/agriculture 2
 
33.3% Other 1
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 3
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 3

Prior torture

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
66.7% No 2

Witnesses to abduction

100.0% Yes 3
 

Victim abduction location

100.0% Victim’s residence 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
66.7% No 2

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

33.3% Gave no response 1
 
33.3% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
33.3% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 3

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

33.3% Extrajudicial executions 1
 
 
66.7% Enforced disappearances 2

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 3
 

Related incidents

33.3% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
66.7% No genuine encounters in family 2

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces


Security forces returned body

0.0% Yes 0
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
33.3% No 1
 

Condition of corpse, if known


Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

66.7% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 3
 
33.3% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

33.3% Punjab police 1
 
33.3% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

0.0% Combatant 0
 
 
100.0% Non-combatant 3

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

66.7% Yes 2
 
 
33.3% No 1

If provided support, support was voluntary

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
33.3% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

33.3% Yes 1
 
 
66.7% No 2

Approached security officials

100.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

33.3% Afraid of retaliation 1
 

Remedies desired from government

100.0% Monetary compensation to family 3
 
100.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 3
 
66.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 2
 
66.7% Truth commission 2
 
66.7% Investigations into abuses 2
 
33.3% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Kapurthala 3
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
100.0% 1993 3
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.