Sultanpur Lodhi (Sultanpur)

32 documented cases implicating security forces based in Sultanpur Lodhi (Sultanpur):


Amritsar District

Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Kanwalmanjit Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghasitpura
Nirmal Singh Kehra Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khadur Sahib
Patti Subdistrict
Janga Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhugian Natha Singh
Jarnal Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kirtowal
Kulwant Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, Kot Budha
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Jasbir Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manochahal
Vasan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sakhira

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Atma Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maste Ke
Jagroop Singh Male, age 36-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Baghewala
Zira Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 45-50 at time of disappearance, Killi Godha

Gurdaspur District

Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Badhai

Jalandhar District

Nakodar Subdistrict
Harnek Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Durgawal
Phillaur Subdistrict
Sukwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalla

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Bagicha Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khukhrain
Palwinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dialpur
Ranjit Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kanjli
Phagwara Subdistrict
Balvir Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhadda
Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Anil Kumar Thakur Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sultanpur Lodhi
Avtar Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kalru
Balkar Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of disappearance, Ahli Kalan
Balvir Kaur Female, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rampur Jagir
Gurmej Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sheikh Manga
Jagir Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wadhel Harnampur
Jagir Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gill
Jasbir Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mand Indresa
Pritam Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sheikh Manga
Raj Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhugian Gamun
Rajinder Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Chaudhrian
Shinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarupwal

Muktsar District

Malout Subdistrict
Parkash Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kutianwali

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 60 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Sultanpur Lodhi (Sultanpur):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.9% Male 31
 
 
3.1% Female 1

Marital status

50.0% Not married 16
 
 
50.0% Married 16

If married, did the victim have children?

37.5% Yes 12
 
 
12.5% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 32


Religion

96.9% Sikh 31
 
 
3.1% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

56.2% Jat 18
 
 
43.8% Non-Jat 14

Age

6.2% 0-17 2
 
78.1% 18-33 25
 
12.5% 34-49 4
 
3.1% 50-64 1
 

Education

40.6% No education 13
 
9.4% Primary school 3
 
25.0% Middle school 8
 
21.9% High school 7
 
3.1% Some college 1
 

Employment

53.1% Farmer/agriculture 17
 
15.6% Day labourer 5
 
6.2% Student 2
 
6.2% Shopkeeper 2
 
3.1% Unemployed 1
 
3.1% Mechanic 1
 
12.5% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

90.6% Rural 29
 
 
3.1% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

50.0% Yes 16
 
 
50.0% No 16

Prior torture

43.8% Yes 14
 
 
6.2% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

90.6% Yes 29
 
 
6.2% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

22.7% Yes 5
 
 
86.4% No 19

Witnesses to abduction

68.8% Yes 22
 
 
9.4% No 3

Victim abduction location

31.2% Victim’s residence 10
 
21.9% Friend/relative's residence 7
 
9.4% Shop/market 3
 
6.2% Village fields 2
 
3.1% Roadside 1
 
15.6% Other 5
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

68.8% Yes 22
 
 
21.9% No 7

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

15.6% Denied involvement 5
 
12.5% Gave no response 4
 
12.5% Other 4
 
9.4% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
3.1% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
3.1% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.2% Yes 2
 
 
71.9% No 23

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

90.6% Extrajudicial executions 29
 
 
9.4% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

81.2% 1 victim 26
 
15.6% 2 victim 5
 
3.1% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

3.1% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
96.9% No genuine encounters in family 31

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

40.6% Cremated the body 13
 
6.2% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

15.6% Yes 5
 
3.1% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
71.9% No 23
 

Condition of corpse, if known

21.9% Bullet wounds 7
 
6.2% Bruises 2
 
3.1% Other 1
 
3.1% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
3.1% Broken bones 1
 
3.1% Cuts/wounds 1
 
3.1% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

71.9% Yes 23
 
 
21.9% No 7

Security forces uniformed

86.4% Yes 19
 
 
9.1% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

90.6% Punjab Police 29
 
9.4% CRPF 3
 
3.1% Black cat 1
 
3.1% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

87.5% Punjab police 28
 
6.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
3.1% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

37.5% Combatant 12
 
 
59.4% Non-combatant 19

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.8% Yes 6
 
 
40.6% No 13

If provided support, support was voluntary

3.1% Yes 1
 
 
12.5% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.9% Yes 7
 
 
75.0% No 24

Approached security officials

56.2% Yes 18
 
 
40.6% No 13

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

62.5% Afraid of retaliation 20
 
18.8% Didn’t know what to do 6
 
9.4% Couldn’t afford 3
 
9.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
3.1% Other 1
 

Remedies desired from government

71.9% Monetary compensation to family 23
 
59.4% Employment 19
 
56.2% Truth commission 18
 
40.6% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 13
 
31.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 10
 
25.0% Investigations into abuses 8
 
15.6% Memorial for victims 5
 
6.2% Desire nothing from government 2
 
6.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 
3.1% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

21.9% Amritsar 7
 
9.4% Firozpur 3
 
3.1% Gurdaspur 1
 
6.2% Jalandhar 2
 
50.0% Kapurthala 16
 
3.1% Muktsar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
9.4% 1987 3
 
6.2% 1988 2
 
12.5% 1989 4
 
12.5% 1990 4
 
12.5% 1991 4
 
21.9% 1992 7
 
12.5% 1993 4
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
12.5% Date Unknown 4
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.