Jalandhar (Bhandala, Dhanowali, Kaki Pind, Maqsudan, Transport Nagar)

108 documented cases implicating security forces based in Jalandhar (Bhandala, Dhanowali, Kaki Pind, Maqsudan, Transport Nagar):


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Gurmej Singh Male, age 45 at time of disappearance, Mananwala
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Dilbag Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Devi Dasspura
Palwinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roopowali Khurd
Paramjit Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Wadala Viram
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Kanwarjit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Amritsar
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Amanjeet Singh Male, age 17 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Davinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 41-42 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Gurmej Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhardeo
Hardev Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Labh Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uchoke Kalan
Sadhu Singh Male, age 80-85 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sharanjit Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Patti Subdistrict
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Puhla
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Milkha Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chichrewal

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bish Nandi

Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Karaj Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pir Mohamad

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Baljit Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Dhira
Balwinder Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Buchian
Dharam Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kastiwal
Gurinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagowal
Kamaljit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghanieke Bangar
Makhan Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hardo Jhanda
Navroop Singh Malli Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Maulvi
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Ajaib Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Baryar
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, Kala Bala
Shingara Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sadda
Tarsem Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohar

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Korala Kalan
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahla
Jaswant Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Alawal Isa
Mukhminder Singh Sandhu Male, age 35-36 at time of disappearance, Data
Sarabjit Singh Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shekhupur Kalan
Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Ajitpal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hoshiarpur
Avtar Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sahari
Bachittar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nasran
Harminder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chalopur
Mukerian Subdistrict
Fumman Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bela Sariana
Manmohan Singh Male, age 42 at time of disappearance, Bhangala

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Baljit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Balvir Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Hardeep Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Phulpur
Harminder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jamsher
Jas Pal Male, age 40-50 at time of disappearance, Dhanal
Jaspal Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manko
Joginder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pholriwala
Kamaljeet Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhanal
Kamaljit Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Manjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Bambianwali
Manmohan Singh Male, age 29 at time of disappearance, Jalandhar
Nirmal Singh Male, age 27-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Palwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandar
Parmjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Daroli Kalan & Daroli Khurd
Ranbir Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Randhir Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Rashpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhin
Ravinder Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of disappearance, Jalandhar
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandar
Satveer Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Isharwal
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhanal
Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirowal
Bahadur Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Haller
Balbir Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pattar Kalan
Balveer Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manak Rai
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 64-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirpur
Gurdev Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirpur
Jagdev Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalla Singh
Ravinderjit Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Binpalke
Sarabhjit Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of disappearance, Sanaura
Nakodar Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur Dhadda
Dalbinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mundh
Harmail Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mundh
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sidhwan
Manjit Kaur Female, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nurpur
Pardeep Singh Male, age 11-12 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nurpur
Ravinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gohir
Ravinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Littran
Phillaur Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kangniwal
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwan
Jhilman Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gursian Piran
Joga Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwan
Satpal Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalewal
Shahkot Subdistrict
Lakhvir Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Mala Chhanna

Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Baldhir Singh Multani Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramgarh
Kapurthala Subdistrict
Makhan Singh Male, age 33 at time of disappearance, Sandhu Chatha
Swaran Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hamira
Tarsem Singh Male, age 44-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Badshahpur
Phagwara Subdistrict
Manbir Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of disappearance, Chaheru

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Gurmail Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Poonian
Chuhar Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behram
Inderjeet Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagoran
Sital Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Lidhar Kalan

Patiala District

Nabha Subdistrict
Nirmal Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nauhra

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 27-29 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 47 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Baljinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajasthan
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 41-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bombay

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Jalandhar (Bhandala, Dhanowali, Kaki Pind, Maqsudan, Transport Nagar):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.1% Male 107
 
 
0.9% Female 1

Marital status

64.8% Not married 70
 
 
35.2% Married 38

If married, did the victim have children?

34.3% Yes 37
 
 
0.9% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 98


Religion

99.1% Sikh 107
 
 
0.9% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

75.9% Jat 82
 
 
24.1% Non-Jat 26

Age

6.5% 0-17 7
 
75.9% 18-33 82
 
13.9% 34-49 15
 
0.9% 65+ 1
 

Education

10.2% No education 11
 
9.3% Primary school 10
 
15.7% Middle school 17
 
41.7% High school 45
 
3.7% Some college 4
 
10.2% College degree 11
 
8.3% Graduate degree 9
 
0.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

32.4% Farmer/agriculture 35
 
19.4% Student 21
 
5.6% Driver (bus/truck/car) 6
 
3.7% Shopkeeper 4
 
3.7% Day labourer 4
 
3.7% Unemployed 4
 
3.7% Mechanic 4
 
0.9% Carpenter 1
 
0.9% Housewife 1
 
33.3% Other 36
 

Urban / Rural

75.9% Rural 82
 
 
14.8% Urban 16

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

53.7% Yes 58
 
 
44.4% No 48

Prior torture

42.6% Yes 46
 
 
11.1% No 12

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

81.5% Yes 88
 
 
17.6% No 19

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

14.8% Yes 9
 
 
78.7% No 48

Witnesses to abduction

56.5% Yes 61
 
 
8.3% No 9

Victim abduction location

17.6% Roadside 19
 
15.7% Victim’s residence 17
 
7.4% Friend/relative's residence 8
 
5.6% Bus station/stand 6
 
4.6% Police station 5
 
3.7% Shop/market 4
 
1.9% Village fields 2
 
0.9% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
18.5% Other 20
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

52.8% Yes 57
 
 
27.8% No 30

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

22.2% Denied involvement 24
 
16.7% Gave no response 18
 
12.0% Told family to go to another police station 13
 
8.3% Admitted custody only 9
 
4.6% Other 5
 
3.7% Victim had escaped 4
 
2.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.4% Yes 8
 
 
57.4% No 62

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

74.1% Extrajudicial executions 80
 
 
25.9% Enforced disappearances 28

Number of victims per family

75.0% 1 victim 81
 
22.2% 2 victims 24
 
2.8% 3 victims 3
 

Related incidents

2.8% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
97.2% No genuine encounters in family 105

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

19.4% Cremated the body 21
 

Security forces returned body

22.2% Yes 24
 
1.9% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
50.0% No 54
 

Condition of corpse, if known

20.4% Bullet wounds 22
 
5.6% Other 6
 
3.7% Bruises 4
 
3.7% Cuts/wounds 4
 
3.7% Missing fingernails 4
 
2.8% Burn marks 3
 
2.8% Broken bones 3
 
0.9% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

65.7% Yes 71
 
 
11.1% No 12

Security forces uniformed

88.5% Yes 54
 
 
14.8% No 9

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

70.4% Punjab Police 76
 
12.0% CRPF 13
 
10.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 11
 
2.8% Black cat 3
 
1.9% BSF 2
 
0.9% Other 1
 
0.9% Army 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

68.5% Punjab police 74
 
6.5% CRPF 7
 
5.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 6
 
4.6% BSF 5
 
0.9% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

59.3% Combatant 64
 
 
34.3% Non-combatant 37

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

7.4% Yes 8
 
 
25.0% No 27

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.6% Yes 6
 
 
1.9% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

27.8% Yes 30
 
 
71.3% No 77

Approached security officials

41.7% Yes 45
 
 
54.6% No 59

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

57.4% Afraid of retaliation 62
 
23.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 25
 
11.1% Didn’t know what to do 12
 
8.3% Couldn’t afford 9
 
6.5% Not applicable 7
 
2.8% Other 3
 

Remedies desired from government

68.5% Truth commission 74
 
55.6% Monetary compensation to family 60
 
50.9% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 55
 
44.4% Employment 48
 
42.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 46
 
40.7% Investigations into abuses 44
 
32.4% Memorial for victims 35
 
21.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 23
 
11.1% Desire nothing from government 12
 
7.4% Other 8
 

Time & Place  

District

16.7% Amritsar 18
 
0.9% Faridkot 1
 
0.9% Firozpur 1
 
11.1% Gurdaspur 12
 
10.2% Hoshiarpur 11
 
40.7% Jalandhar 44
 
4.6% Kapurthala 5
 
0.9% Ludhiana 1
 
3.7% Nawanshahr 4
 
0.9% Patiala 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.9% 1984 1
 
0.9% 1985 1
 
10.2% 1986 11
 
13.9% 1987 15
 
13.9% 1988 15
 
14.8% 1989 16
 
3.7% 1990 4
 
13.9% 1991 15
 
15.7% 1992 17
 
9.3% 1993 10
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.9% 1995 1
 
0.9% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.