Jalandhar (Bhandala, Dhanowali, Kaki Pind, Maqsudan, Transport Nagar)

116 documented cases implicating security forces based in Jalandhar (Bhandala, Dhanowali, Kaki Pind, Maqsudan, Transport Nagar):


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Gurmej Singh Male, age 45 at time of disappearance, Mananwala
Amritsar I Subdistrict
Dilbag Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Devi Dasspura
Palwinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Roopowali Khurd
Paramjit Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Wadala Viram
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Balraj Singh Male, age 37 at time of disappearance, Amritsar
Kanwarjit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Amritsar
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Amritsar
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Amanjeet Singh Male, age 17 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Davinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 41-42 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Gurmej Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhardeo
Hardev Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Labh Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Uchoke Kalan
Sadhu Singh Male, age 80-85 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sharanjit Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of disappearance, Bagga
Patti Subdistrict
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Puhla
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Milkha Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chichrewal

Bathinda District

Rampura Phul Subdistrict
Harmej Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Gill Kalan
Palwinder Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Gill Kalan

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bish Nandi

Firozpur District

Zira Subdistrict
Karaj Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pir Mohamad

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Baljit Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Dhira
Balwinder Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Buchian
Dharam Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kastiwal
Gurinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagowal
Kamaljit Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghanieke Bangar
Makhan Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hardo Jhanda
Navroop Singh Malli Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Batala
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shampura
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kot Maulvi
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Ajaib Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Baryar
Bawa Singh Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jharoli
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, Kala Bala
Shingara Singh Male, age 33-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sadda
Tarsem Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kohar

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Korala Kalan
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahla
Jaswant Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Alawal Isa
Mukhminder Singh Sandhu Male, age 35-36 at time of disappearance, Data
Sarabjit Singh Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shekhupur Kalan
Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Ajitpal Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hoshiarpur
Avtar Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sahari
Bachittar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nasran
Harminder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chalopur
Mukerian Subdistrict
Fumman Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bela Sariana
Manmohan Singh Male, age 42 at time of disappearance, Bhangala

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Baljit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Balvir Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Hardeep Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Phulpur
Harminder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jamsher
Jas Pal Male, age 40-50 at time of disappearance, Dhanal
Jaspal Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manko
Joginder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pholriwala
Kamaljeet Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhanal
Kamaljit Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Manjit Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Bambianwali
Manmohan Singh Male, age 29 at time of disappearance, Jalandhar
Nirmal Singh Male, age 27-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Palwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandar
Parmjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Daroli Kalan & Daroli Khurd
Ranbir Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Randhir Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Rashpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhin
Ravinder Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of disappearance, Jalandhar
Sarbjit Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandar
Satveer Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Isharwal
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhanal
Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Amarjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirowal
Bahadur Singh Male, age 30 at time of disappearance, Haller
Balbir Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pattar Kalan
Balveer Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manak Rai
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 64-65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirpur
Gurdev Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhirpur
Jagdev Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalla Singh
Jaswant Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gakhal
Ravinderjit Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Binpalke
Sarabhjit Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of disappearance, Sanaura
Nakodar Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khanpur Dhadda
Dalbinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mundh
Harmail Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mundh
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sidhwan
Manjit Kaur Female, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nurpur
Pardeep Singh Male, age 11-12 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nurpur
Ravinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gohir
Ravinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Littran
Phillaur Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kangniwal
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwan
Jhilman Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gursian Piran
Joga Singh Male, age 31-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwan
Satpal Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalewal
Shahkot Subdistrict
Lakhvir Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Mala Chhanna

Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Baldhir Singh Multani Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramgarh
Kapurthala Subdistrict
Makhan Singh Male, age 33 at time of disappearance, Sandhu Chatha
Swaran Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hamira
Tarsem Singh Male, age 44-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Badshahpur
Phagwara Subdistrict
Manbir Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of disappearance, Chaheru

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Gurmail Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke

Nawanshahr District

Balachaur Subdistrict
Parmjeet Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bulewal
Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Poonian
Chuhar Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behram
Inderjeet Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagoran
Sital Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Lidhar Kalan

Patiala District

Nabha Subdistrict
Nirmal Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nauhra

Rupnagar District

Rupnagar Subdistrict
Inderjit Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatana

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 47 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 27-29 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Baljinder Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajasthan
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 41-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bombay

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Jalandhar (Bhandala, Dhanowali, Kaki Pind, Maqsudan, Transport Nagar):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

99.1% Male 115
 
 
0.9% Female 1

Marital status

63.8% Not married 74
 
 
36.2% Married 42

If married, did the victim have children?

34.5% Yes 40
 
 
1.7% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 108


Religion

99.1% Sikh 115
 
 
0.9% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

77.6% Jat 90
 
 
22.4% Non-Jat 26

Age

6.0% 0-17 7
 
75.9% 18-33 88
 
14.7% 34-49 17
 
0.9% 65+ 1
 

Education

11.2% No education 13
 
8.6% Primary school 10
 
14.7% Middle school 17
 
42.2% High school 49
 
3.4% Some college 4
 
10.3% College degree 12
 
7.8% Graduate degree 9
 
1.7% Vocational degree 2
 

Employment

34.5% Farmer/agriculture 40
 
18.1% Student 21
 
5.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 6
 
3.4% Unemployed 4
 
3.4% Day labourer 4
 
3.4% Shopkeeper 4
 
3.4% Mechanic 4
 
0.9% Housewife 1
 
0.9% Carpenter 1
 
34.5% Other 40
 

Urban / Rural

76.7% Rural 89
 
 
14.7% Urban 17

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

53.4% Yes 62
 
 
44.8% No 52

Prior torture

40.5% Yes 47
 
 
12.9% No 15

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

82.8% Yes 96
 
 
16.4% No 19

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

18.5% Yes 12
 
 
75.4% No 49

Witnesses to abduction

56.0% Yes 65
 
 
7.8% No 9

Victim abduction location

18.1% Roadside 21
 
16.4% Victim’s residence 19
 
8.6% Friend/relative's residence 10
 
5.2% Bus station/stand 6
 
4.3% Police station 5
 
3.4% Shop/market 4
 
1.7% Village fields 2
 
1.7% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
18.1% Other 21
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

54.3% Yes 63
 
 
27.6% No 32

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

20.7% Denied involvement 24
 
16.4% Gave no response 19
 
13.8% Told family to go to another police station 16
 
8.6% Admitted custody only 10
 
6.0% Other 7
 
3.4% Victim had escaped 4
 
2.6% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.8% Yes 9
 
 
58.6% No 68

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

73.3% Extrajudicial executions 85
 
 
26.7% Enforced disappearances 31

Number of victims per family

76.7% 1 victim 89
 
20.7% 2 victim 24
 
2.6% 3 victim 3
 

Related incidents

2.6% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
97.4% No genuine encounters in family 113

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

19.8% Cremated the body 23
 

Security forces returned body

21.6% Yes 25
 
1.7% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
50.0% No 58
 

Condition of corpse, if known

19.8% Bullet wounds 23
 
5.2% Other 6
 
4.3% Missing fingernails 5
 
3.4% Bruises 4
 
3.4% Cuts/wounds 4
 
2.6% Broken bones 3
 
2.6% Burn marks 3
 
0.9% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

64.7% Yes 75
 
 
13.8% No 16

Security forces uniformed

90.8% Yes 59
 
 
15.4% No 10

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

72.4% Punjab Police 84
 
12.9% CRPF 15
 
9.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 11
 
2.6% Black cat 3
 
1.7% BSF 2
 
0.9% Army 1
 
0.9% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

68.1% Punjab police 79
 
6.0% CRPF 7
 
5.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 6
 
4.3% BSF 5
 
0.9% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

56.9% Combatant 66
 
 
37.1% Non-combatant 43

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.6% Yes 10
 
 
26.7% No 31

If provided support, support was voluntary

6.9% Yes 8
 
 
1.7% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

27.6% Yes 32
 
 
71.6% No 83

Approached security officials

42.2% Yes 49
 
 
54.3% No 63

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

56.9% Afraid of retaliation 66
 
23.3% Believed it would have been ineffective 27
 
12.9% Didn’t know what to do 15
 
10.3% Couldn’t afford 12
 
6.0% Not applicable 7
 
2.6% Other 3
 

Remedies desired from government

70.7% Truth commission 82
 
56.0% Monetary compensation to family 65
 
51.7% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 60
 
44.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 52
 
44.0% Investigations into abuses 51
 
43.1% Employment 50
 
31.0% Memorial for victims 36
 
21.6% Rehabilitation services to family members 25
 
10.3% Desire nothing from government 12
 
6.9% Other 8
 

Year & District 

District

16.4% Amritsar 19
 
1.7% Bathinda 2
 
0.9% Faridkot 1
 
0.9% Firozpur 1
 
12.1% Gurdaspur 14
 
9.5% Hoshiarpur 11
 
38.8% Jalandhar 45
 
4.3% Kapurthala 5
 
0.9% Ludhiana 1
 
4.3% Nawanshahr 5
 
0.9% Patiala 1
 
0.9% Rupnagar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.9% 1984 1
 
0.9% 1985 1
 
9.5% 1986 11
 
14.7% 1987 17
 
13.8% 1988 16
 
13.8% 1989 16
 
3.4% 1990 4
 
14.7% 1991 17
 
16.4% 1992 19
 
9.5% 1993 11
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.9% 1995 1
 
0.9% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.9% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.