Nurmahal

8 documented cases implicating security forces based in Nurmahal:


Jalandhar District

Nakodar Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bir Pind
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai
Phillaur Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gursian Nihal
Balraj Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarhali
Jasvir Kumar Male, age 15-16 at time of disappearance, Bilga
Manjit Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bilga
Santokh Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Samrai
Satnam Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwan

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Nurmahal:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 8
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

75.0% Not married 6
 
 
25.0% Married 2

If married, did the victim have children?

25.0% Yes 2
 


Total children surviving victims: 2


Religion

100.0% Sikh 8
 

Caste

75.0% Jat 6
 
 
25.0% Non-Jat 2

Age

12.5% 0-17 1
 
62.5% 18-33 5
 
12.5% 34-49 1
 

Education

25.0% Primary school 2
 
62.5% High school 5
 
12.5% Graduate degree 1
 

Employment

37.5% Student 3
 
25.0% Day labourer 2
 
25.0% Farmer/agriculture 2
 
12.5% Shopkeeper 1
 
12.5% Other 1
 

Urban / Rural

100.0% Rural 8
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

62.5% Yes 5
 
 
37.5% No 3

Prior torture

62.5% Yes 5
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

75.0% Yes 6
 
 
25.0% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 3

Witnesses to abduction

37.5% Yes 3
 
 
37.5% No 3

Victim abduction location

25.0% Victim’s residence 2
 
12.5% Police station 1
 
12.5% Roadside 1
 
12.5% Friend/relative's residence 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

50.0% Yes 4
 
 
25.0% No 2

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.5% Victim had escaped 1
 
12.5% Other 1
 
12.5% Gave no response 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

12.5% Yes 1
 
 
62.5% No 5

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

87.5% Extrajudicial executions 7
 
 
12.5% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 8
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 8

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

37.5% Cremated the body 3
 

Security forces returned body

12.5% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
75.0% No 6
 

Condition of corpse, if known

12.5% Broken bones 1
 
12.5% Bruises 1
 
12.5% Missing fingernails 1
 
12.5% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

50.0% Yes 4
 
 
25.0% No 2

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 3
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

75.0% Punjab Police 6
 
12.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

87.5% Punjab police 7
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

62.5% Combatant 5
 
 
25.0% Non-combatant 2

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

12.5% Yes 1
 
 
12.5% No 1

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.5% Yes 1
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

12.5% Yes 1
 
 
87.5% No 7

Approached security officials

37.5% Yes 3
 
 
62.5% No 5

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

62.5% Afraid of retaliation 5
 
37.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
37.5% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
12.5% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

62.5% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 5
 
50.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 4
 
50.0% Truth commission 4
 
25.0% Employment 2
 
25.0% Memorial for victims 2
 
25.0% Monetary compensation to family 2
 
25.0% Investigations into abuses 2
 
12.5% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District 

District

100.0% Jalandhar 8
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
12.5% 1987 1
 
12.5% 1988 1
 
62.5% 1989 5
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
0.0% 1991 0
 
0.0% 1992 0
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
12.5% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.