Urmar Tanda

16 documented cases implicating security forces based in Urmar Tanda:


Amritsar District

Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Balraj Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sathiala
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Panjwar

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Bachittar Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Tanda
Dharam Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lil Kalan
Major Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kulla

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mand
Bhadur Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Baranda
Iqbal Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bagha
Kashmir Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Passi Bet
Kuljit Singh Dhatt Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ambala Jattan
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Zahura
Rajwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Zahura
Saroop Singh Male, age 27-30 at time of disappearance, Nangal Khunga
Swaran Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khuda

Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mand Raipur Araian

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Urmar Tanda:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 16
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

68.8% Not married 11
 
 
31.2% Married 5

If married, did the victim have children?

31.2% Yes 5
 


Total children surviving victims: 11


Religion

100.0% Sikh 16
 

Caste

93.8% Jat 15
 
 
6.2% Non-Jat 1

Age

68.8% 18-33 11
 
18.8% 34-49 3
 
6.2% 50-64 1
 

Education

6.2% No education 1
 
18.8% Primary school 3
 
18.8% Middle school 3
 
43.8% High school 7
 
6.2% College degree 1
 

Employment

43.8% Farmer/agriculture 7
 
6.2% Unemployed 1
 
6.2% Day labourer 1
 
6.2% Mechanic 1
 
6.2% Student 1
 
43.8% Other 7
 

Urban / Rural

93.8% Rural 15
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

50.0% Yes 8
 
 
50.0% No 8

Prior torture

50.0% Yes 8
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

68.8% Yes 11
 
 
31.2% No 5

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 2
 
 
50.0% No 5

Witnesses to abduction

62.5% Yes 10
 

Victim abduction location

18.8% Victim’s residence 3
 
12.5% Roadside 2
 
12.5% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
12.5% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

43.8% Yes 7
 
 
25.0% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.8% Other 3
 
18.8% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
12.5% Victim had escaped 2
 
6.2% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
6.2% Denied involvement 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
62.5% No 10

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

93.8% Extrajudicial executions 15
 
 
6.2% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

93.8% 1 victim 15
 
6.2% 2 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 16

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

25.0% Cremated the body 4
 

Security forces returned body

18.8% Yes 3
 
6.2% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
68.8% No 11
 

Condition of corpse, if known

18.8% Bullet wounds 3
 
6.2% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

75.0% Yes 12
 
 
18.8% No 3

Security forces uniformed

80.0% Yes 8
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

68.8% Punjab Police 11
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

93.8% Punjab police 15
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

37.5% Combatant 6
 
 
56.2% Non-combatant 9

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.8% Yes 3
 
 
37.5% No 6

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.5% Yes 2
 
 
6.2% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

12.5% Yes 2
 
 
87.5% No 14

Approached security officials

25.0% Yes 4
 
 
75.0% No 12

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

75.0% Afraid of retaliation 12
 
18.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 3
 
18.8% Couldn’t afford 3
 
6.2% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

75.0% Truth commission 12
 
50.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 8
 
50.0% Monetary compensation to family 8
 
37.5% Investigations into abuses 6
 
31.2% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 5
 
25.0% Employment 4
 
25.0% Memorial for victims 4
 
18.8% Other 3
 
18.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 3
 
12.5% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District 

District

12.5% Amritsar 2
 
18.8% Gurdaspur 3
 
56.2% Hoshiarpur 9
 
6.2% Kapurthala 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
6.2% 1987 1
 
6.2% 1988 1
 
31.2% 1989 5
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
12.5% 1991 2
 
25.0% 1992 4
 
6.2% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
12.5% 1995 2
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.