Garhshankar

16 documented cases implicating security forces based in Garhshankar:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramana Chak
Gurnam Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Sultan Singh

Gurdaspur District

Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Jaswant Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Machharala

Hoshiarpur District

Dasuya Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahla
Garhshankar Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kukar Majara
Gurlat Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Paddi Sura Singh
Heera Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Tuto Mazara
Mahinderpal Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Laksihan
Umrao Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akalgarh
Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Charnjit Singh Jeeta Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Herian
Jarnail Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bihala

Jalandhar District

Nakodar Subdistrict
Gurnek Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehsampur

Nawanshahr District

Balachaur Subdistrict
Bagicha Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sahungra
Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Satnam Singh Male, age 47-48 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pathlawa

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Garhshankar:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 16
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

62.5% Not married 10
 
 
37.5% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

37.5% Yes 6
 


Total children surviving victims: 16


Religion

100.0% Sikh 16
 

Caste

93.8% Jat 15
 
 
6.2% Non-Jat 1

Age

81.2% 18-33 13
 
12.5% 34-49 2
 

Education

18.8% Middle school 3
 
37.5% High school 6
 
12.5% Some college 2
 
18.8% College degree 3
 
6.2% Graduate degree 1
 
6.2% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

50.0% Student 8
 
43.8% Farmer/agriculture 7
 
25.0% Other 4
 

Urban / Rural

87.5% Rural 14
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

81.2% Yes 13
 
 
18.8% No 3

Prior torture

81.2% Yes 13
 
 
0.0% No 0

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

87.5% Yes 14
 
 
12.5% No 2

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 2
 
 
40.0% No 4

Witnesses to abduction

62.5% Yes 10
 
 
6.2% No 1

Victim abduction location

18.8% Roadside 3
 
18.8% Village fields 3
 
6.2% Victim’s residence 1
 
6.2% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
6.2% Bus station/stand 1
 
6.2% Police station 1
 
6.2% Village drain 1
 
18.8% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

68.8% Yes 11
 
 
18.8% No 3

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

18.8% Gave no response 3
 
6.2% Admitted custody only 1
 
6.2% Victim had escaped 1
 
6.2% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
6.2% Other 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

37.5% Yes 6
 
 
50.0% No 8

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

93.8% Extrajudicial executions 15
 
 
6.2% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

75.0% 1 victim 12
 
18.8% 2 victim 3
 
6.2% 3 victim 1
 

Related incidents

6.2% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
93.8% No genuine encounters in family 15

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

12.5% Cremated the body 2
 
12.5% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

18.8% Yes 3
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
75.0% No 12
 

Condition of corpse, if known

18.8% Cuts/wounds 3
 
12.5% Bullet wounds 2
 
12.5% Burn marks 2
 
6.2% Bruises 1
 
6.2% Broken bones 1
 
6.2% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
6.2% Other 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

68.8% Yes 11
 
 
18.8% No 3

Security forces uniformed

100.0% Yes 10
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

62.5% Punjab Police 10
 
18.8% Other 3
 
12.5% CRPF 2
 
12.5% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

93.8% Punjab police 15
 
6.2% Other 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

56.2% Combatant 9
 
 
37.5% Non-combatant 6

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

25.0% Yes 4
 
 
6.2% No 1

If provided support, support was voluntary

12.5% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

37.5% Yes 6
 
 
62.5% No 10

Approached security officials

31.2% Yes 5
 
 
68.8% No 11

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

50.0% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
12.5% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
12.5% Couldn’t afford 2
 
6.2% Not applicable 1
 
6.2% Didn’t know what to do 1
 

Remedies desired from government

68.8% Truth commission 11
 
56.2% Investigations into abuses 9
 
50.0% Employment 8
 
43.8% Monetary compensation to family 7
 
43.8% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 7
 
18.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
12.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 2
 
12.5% Memorial for victims 2
 
12.5% Desire nothing from government 2
 
6.2% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

12.5% Amritsar 2
 
6.2% Gurdaspur 1
 
50.0% Hoshiarpur 8
 
6.2% Jalandhar 1
 
12.5% Nawanshahr 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
18.8% 1987 3
 
6.2% 1988 1
 
6.2% 1989 1
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
25.0% 1991 4
 
12.5% 1992 2
 
25.0% 1993 4
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
6.2% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.