Banga

16 documented cases implicating security forces based in Banga:


Hoshiarpur District

Garhshankar Subdistrict
Bahadur Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dogarpur
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rihala
Hoshiarpur Subdistrict
Harwinder Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Singriwala

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Gurnaam Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alawalpur
Nakodar Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bir Pind
Phillaur Subdistrict
Gurdev Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rurka Kalan

Ludhiana District

Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhurkot

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Poonian
Baljinder Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Taharpur
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alachaur
Des Raj Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Khan Khana
Krishan Lal Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hamirowal
Kulbir Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Behram
Pyara Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ladhana Jhikka
Sarwan Singh Male, age 43-44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharmkot
Vinod Kumar Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Poonian

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Banga:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 16
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

75.0% Not married 12
 
 
25.0% Married 4

If married, did the victim have children?

18.8% Yes 3
 


Total children surviving victims: 9


Religion

81.2% Sikh 13
 
 
18.8% Non-Sikh 3

Caste

56.2% Jat 9
 
 
43.8% Non-Jat 7

Age

87.5% 18-33 14
 
12.5% 34-49 2
 

Education

6.2% No education 1
 
18.8% Primary school 3
 
25.0% Middle school 4
 
31.2% High school 5
 
6.2% Some college 1
 
6.2% Graduate degree 1
 
6.2% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

25.0% Student 4
 
25.0% Farmer/agriculture 4
 
12.5% Day labourer 2
 
12.5% Mechanic 2
 
6.2% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
6.2% Shopkeeper 1
 
18.8% Other 3
 

Urban / Rural

93.8% Rural 15
 
 
6.2% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

68.8% Yes 11
 
 
31.2% No 5

Prior torture

43.8% Yes 7
 
 
25.0% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

81.2% Yes 13
 
 
18.8% No 3

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

33.3% Yes 4
 
 
50.0% No 6

Witnesses to abduction

75.0% Yes 12
 

Victim abduction location

31.2% Victim’s residence 5
 
6.2% Police station 1
 
6.2% Roadside 1
 
6.2% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
6.2% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
6.2% Shop/market 1
 
18.8% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

37.5% Yes 6
 
 
43.8% No 7

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

31.2% Gave no response 5
 
6.2% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
6.2% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

12.5% Yes 2
 
 
50.0% No 8

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

81.2% Extrajudicial executions 13
 
 
18.8% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 16
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
81.2% No genuine encounters in family 13

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

25.0% Cremated the body 4
 

Security forces returned body

12.5% Yes 2
 
6.2% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
62.5% No 10
 

Condition of corpse, if known

18.8% Bullet wounds 3
 
6.2% Burn marks 1
 
6.2% Missing fingernails 1
 
6.2% Cuts/wounds 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

43.8% Yes 7
 
 
37.5% No 6

Security forces uniformed

91.7% Yes 11
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

81.2% Punjab Police 13
 
12.5% CRPF 2
 
6.2% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

81.2% Punjab police 13
 
12.5% CRPF 2
 
6.2% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

43.8% Combatant 7
 
 
50.0% Non-combatant 8

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
31.2% No 5

If provided support, support was voluntary

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

12.5% Yes 2
 
 
81.2% No 13

Approached security officials

50.0% Yes 8
 
 
43.8% No 7

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

43.8% Afraid of retaliation 7
 
25.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 4
 
25.0% Didn’t know what to do 4
 
25.0% Couldn’t afford 4
 
6.2% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

50.0% Investigations into abuses 8
 
43.8% Truth commission 7
 
43.8% Monetary compensation to family 7
 
31.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 5
 
25.0% Employment 4
 
18.8% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
18.8% Memorial for victims 3
 
6.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 1
 

Year & District 

District

18.8% Hoshiarpur 3
 
18.8% Jalandhar 3
 
6.2% Ludhiana 1
 
56.2% Nawanshahr 9
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
6.2% 1982 1
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
12.5% 1987 2
 
12.5% 1988 2
 
6.2% 1989 1
 
6.2% 1990 1
 
12.5% 1991 2
 
25.0% 1992 4
 
0.0% 1993 0
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
18.8% Date Unknown 3
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.