Ludhiana (Daba, Dhandari Khurd, Jamalpur, Sarabha Nagar, Sekhewal, Sherpur)

132 documented cases implicating security forces based in Ludhiana (Daba, Dhandari Khurd, Jamalpur, Sarabha Nagar, Sekhewal, Sherpur):


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Kulbir Kaur Female, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raipur Kalan
Piara Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chogawan Roopowali
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Balraj Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bal Khurd
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajpura
Harpreet Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butala
Prem Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehta
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehta
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Harbhajan Kaur Female, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tur
Ranbir Kaur Female, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tur
Shital Singh Male, age 44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhut Wind
Patti Subdistrict
Jasbir Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalloke
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sanghe
Chanan Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warana
Sheetal Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhullar

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Bakhtour Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bathinda
Gurjeet Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Poohli

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Partap Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of disappearance, Tut
Zira Subdistrict
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattewala
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gatta Badshah

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Balraj Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daulatpur
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veela Teja
Kashmir Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rampur
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Baja Singh
Partap Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khokhar
Rajwant Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kala Afgana
Surjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Awan
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagtana Boharwala
Avtar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pabbarali
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Thetharke
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mangian
Surjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ratta
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mangian
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Mughian
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arjanpur
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saidowal Khurd
Gurpal Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaler Kalan
Rupinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahbal Chak
Santokh Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Danianwali
Sarvan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chitti
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bangowani

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Jaswinderpal Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Narmeet Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Chamiara
Ravinderjit Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Binpalke
Nakodar Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mundh

Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Malkit Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai
Kapurthala Subdistrict
Kuldeep Singh Dhillon Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti Jallu Ki
Phagwara Subdistrict
Dalbir Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Phagwara
Sher Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sheikh Daulat
Balwinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sheikh Daulat
Darshan Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalla
Gurdev Singh Kaunke Male, age 42-43 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke Kalan
Harjinder Singh Buggar Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Kalan
Parkash Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kular
Pawandeep Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Punjab Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sibian
Sulakhan Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raowal
Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Sarabha Nagar
Balwinder Kaur Female, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Ludhiana
Darshan Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jarkhar
Davinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Lehra
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Gurjeet Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhandari Khurd
Harmesh Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lehra
Joginder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Maghar Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Ala
Mahinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiwanpur
Nirmal Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butahri
Nirmal Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of disappearance, Ludhiana
Rashpal Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhandaran
Rupinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhandaran
Sarabdidar Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Satbir Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Majri
Sudama Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dheri
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Surinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiwanpur
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of disappearance, Sarabha Nagar
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daba
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Bakshish Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alamgir
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hambran
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raqba
Darshan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gill
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alamgir
Gurpreet Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugri
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Gill
Manjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Saraba
Manjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Isewal
Pappu Male, Gill
Rajinder Singh Male, age 49-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bulara
Randhir Singh Male, age 32-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raqba
Shingara Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarih
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gill
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jassian
Tarlok Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Mullanpur Dakha
Payal Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghudani Kalan
Dalip Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Payal
Hardev Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhamat
Jarnail Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of disappearance, Kaddon
Jasvir Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maksudra
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sihaura
Kulwant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Balaspur
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Aluna Palla
Mohan Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Haraichan
Raikot Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jand
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Rajoana Kalan
Samrala Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Salodi
Gulzar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khatran

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Gurjant Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Budh Singhwala
Gurnam Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Jagroop Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gajanwala
Moga Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Kushkaranjot Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lopon

Nawanshahr District

Balachaur Subdistrict
Parmjeet Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bulewal
Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Poonian
Gurnam Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rehpa

Patiala District

Nabha Subdistrict
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akalgarh

Rupnagar District

Anandpur Sahib Subdistrict
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Anandpur Sahib

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 44-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 29 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Balwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Guwahati, Assam
Bir Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, New Delhi
Rattan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, New Delhi

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Ludhiana (Daba, Dhandari Khurd, Jamalpur, Sarabha Nagar, Sekhewal, Sherpur):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

97.0% Male 128
 
 
3.0% Female 4

Marital status

64.4% Not married 85
 
 
34.8% Married 46

If married, did the victim have children?

31.8% Yes 42
 
 
2.3% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 101


Religion

99.2% Sikh 131
 

Caste

72.7% Jat 96
 
 
26.5% Non-Jat 35

Age

3.8% 0-17 5
 
81.1% 18-33 107
 
10.6% 34-49 14
 
2.3% 50-64 3
 
0.8% 65+ 1
 
0.8% Age unknown 1
 

Education

7.6% No education 10
 
12.9% Primary school 17
 
18.2% Middle school 24
 
40.9% High school 54
 
6.1% Some college 8
 
5.3% College degree 7
 
5.3% Graduate degree 7
 
3.0% Vocational degree 4
 

Employment

34.8% Farmer/agriculture 46
 
17.4% Student 23
 
10.6% Day labourer 14
 
7.6% Shopkeeper 10
 
6.8% Driver (bus/truck/car) 9
 
2.3% Unemployed 3
 
2.3% Mechanic 3
 
0.8% Housewife 1
 
0.8% Carpenter 1
 
27.3% Other 36
 

Urban / Rural

75.8% Rural 100
 
 
15.2% Urban 20

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

58.3% Yes 77
 
 
40.9% No 54

Prior torture

45.5% Yes 60
 
 
12.9% No 17

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

84.8% Yes 112
 
 
14.4% No 19

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

11.5% Yes 9
 
 
78.2% No 61

Witnesses to abduction

59.1% Yes 78
 
 
8.3% No 11

Victim abduction location

22.0% Roadside 29
 
15.9% Victim’s residence 21
 
9.8% Friend/relative's residence 13
 
6.8% Shop/market 9
 
2.3% Village fields 3
 
2.3% Police station 3
 
2.3% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
1.5% Bus station/stand 2
 
0.8% Village drain 1
 
14.4% Other 19
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

44.7% Yes 59
 
 
40.2% No 53

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

9.8% Other 13
 
8.3% Gave no response 11
 
6.8% Told family to go to another police station 9
 
5.3% Killed victim in an “encounter” 7
 
5.3% Denied involvement 7
 
2.3% Victim had escaped 3
 
2.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
1.5% Admitted custody only 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

1.5% Yes 2
 
 
54.5% No 72

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

84.8% Extrajudicial executions 112
 
 
15.2% Enforced disappearances 20

Number of victims per family

76.5% 1 victim 101
 
19.7% 2 victim 26
 
1.5% 3 victim 2
 
0.8% 4 victim 1
 
1.5% 5 victim 2
 

Related incidents

2.3% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
97.7% No genuine encounters in family 129

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

30.3% Cremated the body 40
 
1.5% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

11.4% Yes 15
 
1.5% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 2
 
72.0% No 95
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.8% Bullet wounds 13
 
4.5% Missing fingernails 6
 
4.5% Cuts/wounds 6
 
3.0% Other 4
 
3.0% Broken bones 4
 
3.0% Burn marks 4
 
2.3% Bruises 3
 
2.3% Missing hair from head or face 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

40.2% Yes 53
 
 
40.2% No 53

Security forces uniformed

79.5% Yes 62
 
 
15.4% No 12

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

79.5% Punjab Police 105
 
6.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 8
 
6.1% CRPF 8
 
2.3% Other 3
 
2.3% Black cat 3
 
1.5% BSF 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

81.8% Punjab police 108
 
4.5% CRPF 6
 
3.8% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
1.5% Other 2
 
1.5% Black cat 2
 
0.8% Army 1
 
0.8% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

60.6% Combatant 80
 
 
35.6% Non-combatant 47

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

8.3% Yes 11
 
 
22.7% No 30

If provided support, support was voluntary

5.3% Yes 7
 
 
3.0% No 4

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

22.7% Yes 30
 
 
75.8% No 100

Approached security officials

32.6% Yes 43
 
 
65.9% No 87

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

62.1% Afraid of retaliation 82
 
17.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 23
 
15.2% Couldn’t afford 20
 
14.4% Didn’t know what to do 19
 
4.5% Not applicable 6
 
2.3% Other 3
 

Remedies desired from government

68.2% Truth commission 90
 
68.2% Monetary compensation to family 90
 
57.6% Employment 76
 
47.0% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 62
 
34.1% Investigations into abuses 45
 
32.6% Memorial for victims 43
 
31.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 41
 
29.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 39
 
6.1% Other 8
 
4.5% Desire nothing from government 6
 

Year & District 

District

11.4% Amritsar 15
 
1.5% Bathinda 2
 
2.3% Firozpur 3
 
16.7% Gurdaspur 22
 
3.0% Jalandhar 4
 
3.0% Kapurthala 4
 
45.5% Ludhiana 60
 
3.8% Moga 5
 
2.3% Nawanshahr 3
 
0.8% Patiala 1
 
0.8% Rupnagar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.8% 1983 1
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.8% 1985 1
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
2.3% 1987 3
 
12.9% 1988 17
 
12.9% 1989 17
 
6.8% 1990 9
 
20.5% 1991 27
 
28.0% 1992 37
 
8.3% 1993 11
 
0.8% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
1.5% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.5% Date Unknown 6
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.