Ludhiana (Daba, Dhandari Khurd, Jamalpur, Sarabha Nagar, Sekhewal)

122 documented cases implicating security forces based in Ludhiana (Daba, Dhandari Khurd, Jamalpur, Sarabha Nagar, Sekhewal):


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Kulbir Kaur Female, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raipur Kalan
Piara Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chogawan Roopowali
Amritsar II Subdistrict
Balraj Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bal Khurd
Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Gurbachan Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajpura
Harpreet Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butala
Prem Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehta
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mehta
Khadoor Sahib Subdistrict
Harbhajan Kaur Female, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tur
Ranbir Kaur Female, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tur
Shital Singh Male, age 44 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhut Wind
Patti Subdistrict
Jasbir Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalloke
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sanghe
Chanan Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warana
Sheetal Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhullar

Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Gurjeet Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Poohli

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Partap Singh Male, age 28-29 at time of disappearance, Tut
Zira Subdistrict
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fattewala
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gatta Badshah

Gurdaspur District

Batala Subdistrict
Balraj Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daulatpur
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Veela Teja
Kashmir Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rampur
Mukhtiar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Baja Singh
Partap Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khokhar
Rajwant Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kala Afgana
Surjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Awan
Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhagtana Boharwala
Avtar Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pabbarali
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Thetharke
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mangian
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mangian
Gurdaspur Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kotla Mughian
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arjanpur
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Saidowal Khurd
Gurpal Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaler Kalan
Rupinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bahbal Chak
Santokh Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Danianwali
Sarvan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chitti
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bangowani

Jalandhar District

Jalandhar I Subdistrict
Jaswinderpal Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jalandhar
Jalandhar II Subdistrict
Ravinderjit Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Binpalke
Nakodar Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mundh

Kapurthala District

Kapurthala Subdistrict
Kuldeep Singh Dhillon Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti Jallu Ki
Phagwara Subdistrict
Dalbir Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Phagwara
Sher Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sheikh Daulat
Balwinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sheikh Daulat
Darshan Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dalla
Harjinder Singh Buggar Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Kalan
Parkash Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kular
Pawandeep Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Punjab Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sibian
Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Sarabha Nagar
Balwinder Kaur Female, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Ludhiana
Darshan Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jarkhar
Davinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Lehra
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Gurjeet Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhandari Khurd
Harmesh Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lehra
Joginder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Maghar Singh Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaini Ala
Mahinder Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiwanpur
Nirmal Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Butahri
Nirmal Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of disappearance, Ludhiana
Rashpal Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhandaran
Rupinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhandaran
Sarabdidar Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Satbir Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Majri
Sudama Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dheri
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ludhiana
Surinder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jiwanpur
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of disappearance, Sarabha Nagar
Tarlochan Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Daba
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raqba
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hambran
Darshan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gill
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Alamgir
Gurpreet Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dugri
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Gill
Manjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Isewal
Manjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of disappearance, Saraba
Pappu Male, Gill
Rajinder Singh Male, age 49-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bulara
Randhir Singh Male, age 32-34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raqba
Shingara Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarih
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gill
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jassian
Tarlok Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Mullanpur Dakha
Varinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Dakha
Payal Subdistrict
Dalip Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Payal
Hardev Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhamat
Jarnail Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of disappearance, Kaddon
Jasvir Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maksudra
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sihaura
Kulwant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of disappearance, Balaspur
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Aluna Palla
Mohan Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Haraichan
Raikot Subdistrict
Amarjit Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jand
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Rajoana Kalan
Samrala Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Salodi
Gulzar Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Khatran

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Gurnam Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Jagroop Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gajanwala
Moga Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Kushkaranjot Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lopon

Nawanshahr District

Nawanshahr Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Poonian
Gurnam Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rehpa

Patiala District

Nabha Subdistrict
Kulwinder Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Akalgarh

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 44-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 29 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Balwinder Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Guwahati, Assam
Bir Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, New Delhi
Rattan Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, New Delhi

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Ludhiana (Daba, Dhandari Khurd, Jamalpur, Sarabha Nagar, Sekhewal):

Victim Demographics 

Gender

96.7% Male 118
 
 
3.3% Female 4

Marital status

65.6% Not married 80
 
 
33.6% Married 41

If married, did the victim have children?

31.1% Yes 38
 
 
1.6% No 2


Total children surviving victims: 88


Religion

99.2% Sikh 121
 

Caste

72.1% Jat 88
 
 
27.0% Non-Jat 33

Age

3.3% 0-17 4
 
81.1% 18-33 99
 
10.7% 34-49 13
 
2.5% 50-64 3
 
0.8% 65+ 1
 
0.8% Age unknown 1
 

Education

7.4% No education 9
 
13.1% Primary school 16
 
18.0% Middle school 22
 
41.0% High school 50
 
7.4% Some college 9
 
4.9% College degree 6
 
4.9% Graduate degree 6
 
2.5% Vocational degree 3
 

Employment

34.4% Farmer/agriculture 42
 
18.9% Student 23
 
11.5% Day labourer 14
 
7.4% Driver (bus/truck/car) 9
 
5.7% Shopkeeper 7
 
2.5% Unemployed 3
 
1.6% Mechanic 2
 
0.8% Carpenter 1
 
0.8% Housewife 1
 
27.0% Other 33
 

Urban / Rural

75.4% Rural 92
 
 
14.8% Urban 18

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

56.6% Yes 69
 
 
42.6% No 52

Prior torture

43.4% Yes 53
 
 
13.1% No 16

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

85.2% Yes 104
 
 
13.9% No 17

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

12.3% Yes 9
 
 
79.5% No 58

Witnesses to abduction

59.8% Yes 73
 
 
9.0% No 11

Victim abduction location

21.3% Roadside 26
 
15.6% Victim’s residence 19
 
10.7% Friend/relative's residence 13
 
6.6% Shop/market 8
 
2.5% Bus station/stand 3
 
2.5% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
1.6% Village fields 2
 
1.6% Police station 2
 
0.8% Village drain 1
 
14.8% Other 18
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

43.4% Yes 53
 
 
41.8% No 51

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

9.8% Other 12
 
9.0% Gave no response 11
 
7.4% Told family to go to another police station 9
 
5.7% Denied involvement 7
 
4.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 6
 
3.3% Victim had escaped 4
 
1.6% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
1.6% Admitted custody only 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.5% Yes 3
 
 
52.5% No 64

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

83.6% Extrajudicial executions 102
 
 
16.4% Enforced disappearances 20

Number of victims per family

75.4% 1 victim 92
 
21.3% 2 victims 26
 
1.6% 3 victims 2
 
1.6% 5 victims 2
 

Related incidents

2.5% Genuine encounters in family 3
 
 
97.5% No genuine encounters in family 119

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

29.5% Cremated the body 36
 
1.6% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

11.5% Yes 14
 
0.8% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 1
 
71.3% No 87
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.0% Bullet wounds 11
 
4.1% Cuts/wounds 5
 
4.1% Missing fingernails 5
 
3.3% Other 4
 
3.3% Burn marks 4
 
3.3% Broken bones 4
 
2.5% Bruises 3
 
2.5% Missing hair from head or face 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

39.3% Yes 48
 
 
40.2% No 49

Security forces uniformed

78.1% Yes 57
 
 
15.1% No 11

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

80.3% Punjab Police 98
 
5.7% CRPF 7
 
4.1% Criminal Investigation Agency 5
 
1.6% Other 2
 
1.6% BSF 2
 
1.6% Black cat 2
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

80.3% Punjab police 98
 
4.9% CRPF 6
 
1.6% Other 2
 
1.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
0.8% BSF 1
 
0.8% Black cat 1
 
0.8% Army 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

60.7% Combatant 74
 
 
35.2% Non-combatant 43

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

7.4% Yes 9
 
 
23.8% No 29

If provided support, support was voluntary

4.9% Yes 6
 
 
2.5% No 3

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

23.0% Yes 28
 
 
75.4% No 92

Approached security officials

32.8% Yes 40
 
 
65.6% No 80

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

61.5% Afraid of retaliation 75
 
17.2% Believed it would have been ineffective 21
 
16.4% Couldn’t afford 20
 
14.8% Didn’t know what to do 18
 
4.9% Not applicable 6
 
1.6% Other 2
 

Remedies desired from government

72.1% Monetary compensation to family 88
 
66.4% Truth commission 81
 
59.0% Employment 72
 
47.5% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 58
 
33.6% Investigations into abuses 41
 
33.6% Memorial for victims 41
 
30.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 37
 
29.5% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 36
 
5.7% Other 7
 
3.3% Desire nothing from government 4
 

Time & Place  

District

12.3% Amritsar 15
 
0.8% Bathinda 1
 
2.5% Firozpur 3
 
17.2% Gurdaspur 21
 
2.5% Jalandhar 3
 
2.5% Kapurthala 3
 
46.7% Ludhiana 57
 
3.3% Moga 4
 
1.6% Nawanshahr 2
 
0.8% Patiala 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.8% 1983 1
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.8% 1985 1
 
0.8% 1986 1
 
1.6% 1987 2
 
12.3% 1988 15
 
11.5% 1989 14
 
7.4% 1990 9
 
21.3% 1991 26
 
27.0% 1992 33
 
8.2% 1993 10
 
0.8% 1994 1
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
1.6% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.