Mullanpur Dakha

17 documented cases implicating security forces based in Mullanpur Dakha:


Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Jagjit Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raowal
Jaswant Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Kalan
Jaswinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lihan
Mejor Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Majri
Pawandeep Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaunke
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai Kalan
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chaminda
Varinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of disappearance, Dakha
Payal Subdistrict
Gurtej Singh Male, age 16 at time of disappearance, Ghudani Kalan
Raikot Subdistrict
Bhagwan Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Hisowal
Manmohan Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghuman

Mansa District

Mansa Subdistrict
Dharampal Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mansa

Patiala District

Patiala Subdistrict
Major Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalpur

Sangrur District

Barnala Subdistrict
Jagdish Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Nihaluwala
Jagga Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tapa
Jagroop Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ugoke

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 54 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Mullanpur Dakha:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 17
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

58.8% Not married 10
 
 
41.2% Married 7

If married, did the victim have children?

41.2% Yes 7
 


Total children surviving victims: 20


Religion

100.0% Sikh 17
 

Caste

76.5% Jat 13
 
 
23.5% Non-Jat 4

Age

5.9% 0-17 1
 
64.7% 18-33 11
 
17.6% 34-49 3
 
5.9% 50-64 1
 

Education

17.6% No education 3
 
5.9% Primary school 1
 
5.9% Middle school 1
 
47.1% High school 8
 
17.6% Some college 3
 
5.9% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

23.5% Student 4
 
17.6% Farmer/agriculture 3
 
11.8% Day labourer 2
 
11.8% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
11.8% Unemployed 2
 
29.4% Other 5
 

Urban / Rural

82.4% Rural 14
 
 
11.8% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

58.8% Yes 10
 
 
41.2% No 7

Prior torture

41.2% Yes 7
 
 
17.6% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

70.6% Yes 12
 
 
23.5% No 4

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

20.0% Yes 2
 
 
60.0% No 6

Witnesses to abduction

58.8% Yes 10
 
 
5.9% No 1

Victim abduction location

17.6% Victim’s residence 3
 
11.8% Bus station/stand 2
 
5.9% Friend/relative's residence 1
 
5.9% Shop/market 1
 
5.9% Roadside 1
 
11.8% Other 2
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

41.2% Yes 7
 
 
29.4% No 5

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

17.6% Other 3
 
11.8% Denied involvement 2
 
11.8% Victim had escaped 2
 
5.9% Told family to go to another police station 1
 
5.9% Gave no response 1
 
5.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 1
 
5.9% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

11.8% Yes 2
 
 
58.8% No 10

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

82.4% Extrajudicial executions 14
 
 
17.6% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

94.1% 1 victim 16
 
5.9% 2 victim 1
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 17

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

23.5% Cremated the body 4
 
5.9% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

11.8% Yes 2
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
70.6% No 12
 

Condition of corpse, if known

5.9% Bullet wounds 1
 
5.9% Bruises 1
 
5.9% Cuts/wounds 1
 
5.9% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

52.9% Yes 9
 
 
11.8% No 2

Security forces uniformed

70.0% Yes 7
 
 
20.0% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

64.7% Punjab Police 11
 
5.9% Other 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

82.4% Punjab police 14
 
5.9% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

47.1% Combatant 8
 
 
47.1% Non-combatant 8

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

17.6% Yes 3
 
 
29.4% No 5

If provided support, support was voluntary

11.8% Yes 2
 
 
5.9% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

23.5% Yes 4
 
 
76.5% No 13

Approached security officials

52.9% Yes 9
 
 
47.1% No 8

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

70.6% Afraid of retaliation 12
 
11.8% Couldn’t afford 2
 
11.8% Didn’t know what to do 2
 
11.8% Believed it would have been ineffective 2
 
5.9% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

82.4% Employment 14
 
82.4% Monetary compensation to family 14
 
82.4% Truth commission 14
 
52.9% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 9
 
47.1% Investigations into abuses 8
 
41.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 7
 
17.6% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
5.9% Memorial for victims 1
 

Year & District 

District

64.7% Ludhiana 11
 
5.9% Mansa 1
 
5.9% Patiala 1
 
17.6% Sangrur 3
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
5.9% 1986 1
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
0.0% 1989 0
 
5.9% 1990 1
 
17.6% 1991 3
 
35.3% 1992 6
 
17.6% 1993 3
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
5.9% 1995 1
 
5.9% 1996 1
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
5.9% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.