Raikot

15 documented cases implicating security forces based in Raikot:


Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Rasulpur Malla
Raikot Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangal Khurd
Charnjit Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Halwara
Hardev Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Leel
Jarnail Singh Male, age 48 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pheru Raien
Lakhvir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Binjal
Manmohan Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghuman
Satwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Andlu
Shamsher Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raikot
Surjit Singh Male, age 41 at time of extrajudicial execution, Littar
Ujagar Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Binjal

Moga District

Moga Subdistrict
Jagjeet Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirak
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Kushkaranjot Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lopon

Sangrur District

Dhuri Subdistrict
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ladda

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 31 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Raikot:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 15
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

60.0% Not married 9
 
 
40.0% Married 6

If married, did the victim have children?

33.3% Yes 5
 
 
6.7% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 13


Religion

100.0% Sikh 15
 

Caste

73.3% Jat 11
 
 
26.7% Non-Jat 4

Age

73.3% 18-33 11
 
20.0% 34-49 3
 

Education

6.7% No education 1
 
13.3% Primary school 2
 
26.7% Middle school 4
 
46.7% High school 7
 
6.7% Some college 1
 

Employment

40.0% Farmer/agriculture 6
 
20.0% Day labourer 3
 
13.3% Student 2
 
6.7% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
6.7% Mechanic 1
 
20.0% Other 3
 

Urban / Rural

86.7% Rural 13
 
 
6.7% Urban 1

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

53.3% Yes 8
 
 
46.7% No 7

Prior torture

40.0% Yes 6
 
 
13.3% No 2

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

100.0% Yes 15
 
 
0.0% No 0

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

15.4% Yes 2
 
 
69.2% No 9

Witnesses to abduction

86.7% Yes 13
 

Victim abduction location

46.7% Victim’s residence 7
 
13.3% Roadside 2
 
13.3% Shop/market 2
 
13.3% Police station 2
 
6.7% Village fields 1
 
6.7% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

73.3% Yes 11
 
 
26.7% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

26.7% Gave no response 4
 
20.0% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 3
 
6.7% Victim had escaped 1
 
6.7% Victim killed while trying to escape 1
 
6.7% Told family to go to another police station 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
100.0% No 15

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

93.3% Extrajudicial executions 14
 
 
6.7% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

100.0% 1 victim 15
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 15

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

33.3% Cremated the body 5
 

Security forces returned body

6.7% Yes 1
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
86.7% No 13
 

Condition of corpse, if known

6.7% Bullet wounds 1
 
6.7% Cuts/wounds 1
 
6.7% Missing hair from head or face 1
 
6.7% Missing fingernails 1
 
6.7% Burn marks 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

80.0% Yes 12
 
 
20.0% No 3

Security forces uniformed

107.7% Yes 14
 
 
0.0% No 0

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

100.0% Punjab Police 15
 
20.0% CRPF 3
 
6.7% BSF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

86.7% Punjab police 13
 
6.7% BSF 1
 
6.7% CRPF 1
 
6.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.0% Combatant 6
 
 
53.3% Non-combatant 8

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

13.3% Yes 2
 
 
33.3% No 5

If provided support, support was voluntary

13.3% Yes 2
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

46.7% Yes 7
 
 
53.3% No 8

Approached security officials

53.3% Yes 8
 
 
46.7% No 7

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

53.3% Afraid of retaliation 8
 
13.3% Not applicable 2
 
6.7% Believed it would have been ineffective 1
 
6.7% Didn’t know what to do 1
 
6.7% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

80.0% Monetary compensation to family 12
 
73.3% Truth commission 11
 
66.7% Employment 10
 
53.3% Rehabilitation services to family members 8
 
46.7% Investigations into abuses 7
 
20.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 3
 
13.3% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 2
 
6.7% Memorial for victims 1
 
6.7% Desire nothing from government 1
 

Year & District 

District

73.3% Ludhiana 11
 
13.3% Moga 2
 
6.7% Sangrur 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
13.3% 1987 2
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
6.7% 1989 1
 
0.0% 1990 0
 
13.3% 1991 2
 
26.7% 1992 4
 
26.7% 1993 4
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
13.3% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.