Payal

23 documented cases implicating security forces based in Payal:


Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Bakhtour Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bathinda

Chandigarh District

Chandigarh Subdistrict
Kuljit Singh Male, age 36-37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chandigarh

Fatehgarh Sahib District

Amloh Subdistrict
Harchand Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Salana Jiwan Singh Wala

Gurdaspur District

Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Balwant Singh Male, age 35-38 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pabbarali

Kapurthala District

Bhulath Subdistrict
Malkit Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Boparai
Phagwara Subdistrict
Sher Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Jagroop Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhajjawal
Ludhiana East Subdistrict
Gurjit Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Qilla Raipur
Ludhiana West Subdistrict
Rajinder Singh Male, age 49-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bulara
Payal Subdistrict
Avtar Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gidri
Baldev Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghudani Kalan
Balwinder Singh Male, age 32-33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghudani Kalan
Bhupinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Balaspur
Buta Singh Male, age 14-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaddon
Dalip Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Payal
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Balaspur
Jagjit Singh Male, age 15-16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jallah
Nachattar Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaddon
Sarabjit Singh Male, age 27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhathal
Swaran Singh Male, age 36 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahpur

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Payal:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 23
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

60.9% Not married 14
 
 
39.1% Married 9

If married, did the victim have children?

34.8% Yes 8
 
 
4.3% No 1


Total children surviving victims: 17


Religion

100.0% Sikh 23
 

Caste

73.9% Jat 17
 
 
26.1% Non-Jat 6

Age

13.0% 0-17 3
 
65.2% 18-33 15
 
17.4% 34-49 4
 

Education

13.0% No education 3
 
8.7% Primary school 2
 
13.0% Middle school 3
 
39.1% High school 9
 
4.3% College degree 1
 
17.4% Graduate degree 4
 
4.3% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

21.7% Farmer/agriculture 5
 
13.0% Day labourer 3
 
8.7% Mechanic 2
 
8.7% Student 2
 
4.3% Unemployed 1
 
4.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 1
 
4.3% Shopkeeper 1
 
39.1% Other 9
 

Urban / Rural

78.3% Rural 18
 
 
8.7% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

56.5% Yes 13
 
 
43.5% No 10

Prior torture

39.1% Yes 9
 
 
17.4% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

87.0% Yes 20
 
 
13.0% No 3

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

18.2% Yes 2
 
 
90.9% No 10

Witnesses to abduction

47.8% Yes 11
 
 
8.7% No 2

Victim abduction location

21.7% Village fields 5
 
21.7% Roadside 5
 
8.7% Police station 2
 
8.7% Friend/relative's residence 2
 
4.3% Victim’s residence 1
 
4.3% Checkpoint (naka) 1
 
4.3% Village drain 1
 
4.3% Shop/market 1
 
4.3% Other 1
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

69.6% Yes 16
 
 
17.4% No 4

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

17.4% Other 4
 
13.0% Gave no response 3
 
8.7% Killed victim in an “encounter” 2
 
8.7% Told family to go to another police station 2
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

0.0% Yes 0
 
 
87.0% No 20

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

95.7% Extrajudicial executions 22
 
 
4.3% Enforced disappearances 1

Number of victims per family

91.3% 1 victim 21
 
8.7% 2 victim 2
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 23

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

52.2% Cremated the body 12
 

Security forces returned body

17.4% Yes 4
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
78.3% No 18
 

Condition of corpse, if known

17.4% Bullet wounds 4
 
13.0% Bruises 3
 
8.7% Cuts/wounds 2
 
4.3% Broken bones 1
 
4.3% Missing fingernails 1
 
4.3% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

73.9% Yes 17
 
 
17.4% No 4

Security forces uniformed

109.1% Yes 12
 
 
18.2% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

82.6% Punjab Police 19
 
4.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
4.3% Black cat 1
 
4.3% CRPF 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

95.7% Punjab police 22
 
8.7% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
4.3% CRPF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

39.1% Combatant 9
 
 
60.9% Non-combatant 14

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

17.4% Yes 4
 
 
30.4% No 7

If provided support, support was voluntary

17.4% Yes 4
 
 
0.0% No 0

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.7% Yes 5
 
 
78.3% No 18

Approached security officials

34.8% Yes 8
 
 
65.2% No 15

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

69.6% Afraid of retaliation 16
 
13.0% Didn’t know what to do 3
 
4.3% Couldn’t afford 1
 

Remedies desired from government

65.2% Employment 15
 
60.9% Truth commission 14
 
60.9% Monetary compensation to family 14
 
52.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 12
 
43.5% Rehabilitation services to family members 10
 
34.8% Investigations into abuses 8
 
30.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 7
 
26.1% Memorial for victims 6
 
8.7% Desire nothing from government 2
 

Year & District 

District

4.3% Bathinda 1
 
4.3% Fatehgarh Sahib 1
 
4.3% Gurdaspur 1
 
8.7% Kapurthala 2
 
60.9% Ludhiana 14
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
8.7% 1983 2
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
0.0% 1987 0
 
0.0% 1988 0
 
26.1% 1989 6
 
13.0% 1990 3
 
26.1% 1991 6
 
13.0% 1992 3
 
8.7% 1993 2
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
4.3% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.