Dharamkot

50 documented cases implicating security forces based in Dharamkot:


Amritsar District

Amritsar I Subdistrict
Kuldip Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chogawan Roopowali
Patti Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 40-50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Mutsadda Singh
Major Singh Male, age 40-42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Narli
Rajbir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Munawan
Sukhbir Singh Male, age 22-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Thathi Jaimal Singh
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kasel
Nirmal Singh Male, age 37 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohla Sahib

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Balkar Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sodhiwala
Balkar Singh Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihala Lawera
Kulwant Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalwala
Jalalabad Subdistrict
Jagtar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Guru Har Sahai
Parkash Kaur Female, age 30 at time of disappearance, Guru Har Sahai
Zira Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Amrik Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Balwinder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Changian
Gurdas Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Warra Mansurwal
Iqbal Kaur Female, age 90 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Jaspal Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Jaswinder Kaur Female, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Joginder Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihalke
Lakhwinder Kaur Female, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Manjit Kaur Female, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Rajwinder Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla

Jalandhar District

Phillaur Subdistrict
Santokh Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Samrai
Shahkot Subdistrict
Jagtar Singh Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohal Jagir
Vajir Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of disappearance, Fakhruwal

Ludhiana District

Jagraon Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti Multani
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti Multani

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Ranjeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Moga Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Malian
Balvir Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramgarh
Balwant Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Panjtur
Buta Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Singhpura
Charanjit Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghal Kalan
Desha Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maujgarh
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaspur Alias Gehliwala
Gurmail Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mangewala
Jagroop Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lohgarh
Jasbir Singh Male, age 17-18 at time of disappearance, Bajeke
Kikar Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dholewala
Raj Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirag Shahwala
Sarban Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Sewak Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Korotana
Shinda Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhalleke
Sohan Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kamalke
Sukhmander Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lohgarh
Swaranjeet Singh Male, age 14-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kokri Kalan

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Dharamkot:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

90.0% Male 45
 
 
10.0% Female 5

Marital status

58.0% Not married 29
 
 
42.0% Married 21

If married, did the victim have children?

34.0% Yes 17
 
 
8.0% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 41


Religion

100.0% Sikh 50
 

Caste

82.0% Jat 41
 
 
18.0% Non-Jat 9

Age

8.0% 0-17 4
 
62.0% 18-33 31
 
20.0% 34-49 10
 
4.0% 50-64 2
 
4.0% 65+ 2
 

Education

32.0% No education 16
 
24.0% Primary school 12
 
12.0% Middle school 6
 
30.0% High school 15
 
2.0% College degree 1
 

Employment

58.0% Farmer/agriculture 29
 
12.0% Day labourer 6
 
10.0% Housewife 5
 
4.0% Student 2
 
4.0% Mechanic 2
 
2.0% Shopkeeper 1
 
14.0% Other 7
 

Urban / Rural

90.0% Rural 45
 
 
6.0% Urban 3

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

38.0% Yes 19
 
 
62.0% No 31

Prior torture

30.0% Yes 15
 
 
8.0% No 4

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

78.0% Yes 39
 
 
22.0% No 11

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

32.0% Yes 8
 
 
84.0% No 21

Witnesses to abduction

50.0% Yes 25
 
 
16.0% No 8

Victim abduction location

20.0% Village fields 10
 
14.0% Friend/relative's residence 7
 
12.0% Victim’s residence 6
 
6.0% Checkpoint (naka) 3
 
6.0% Roadside 3
 
4.0% Police station 2
 
2.0% Shop/market 1
 
6.0% Other 3
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

60.0% Yes 30
 
 
18.0% No 9

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

14.0% Other 7
 
14.0% Killed victim in an “encounter” 7
 
12.0% Gave no response 6
 
6.0% Told family to go to another police station 3
 
6.0% Denied involvement 3
 
2.0% Victim had escaped 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

6.0% Yes 3
 
 
60.0% No 30

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

94.0% Extrajudicial executions 47
 
 
6.0% Enforced disappearances 3

Number of victims per family

68.0% 1 victim 34
 
14.0% 2 victims 7
 
4.0% 3 victims 2
 
14.0% 7 victims 7
 

Related incidents

2.0% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
98.0% No genuine encounters in family 49

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

28.0% Cremated the body 14
 
2.0% Dumped body in canal or river 1
 

Security forces returned body

18.0% Yes 9
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
74.0% No 37
 

Condition of corpse, if known

22.0% Bullet wounds 11
 
16.0% Cuts/wounds 8
 
14.0% Broken bones 7
 
14.0% Burn marks 7
 
8.0% Bruises 4
 
6.0% Missing fingernails 3
 
6.0% Missing hair from head or face 3
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

68.0% Yes 34
 
 
28.0% No 14

Security forces uniformed

108.0% Yes 27
 
 
12.0% No 3

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

76.0% Punjab Police 38
 
6.0% CRPF 3
 
2.0% Other 1
 
2.0% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

94.0% Punjab police 47
 
18.0% CRPF 9
 
4.0% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
2.0% BSF 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

40.0% Combatant 20
 
 
58.0% Non-combatant 29

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.0% Yes 8
 
 
42.0% No 21

If provided support, support was voluntary

10.0% Yes 5
 
 
4.0% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

10.0% Yes 5
 
 
90.0% No 45

Approached security officials

58.0% Yes 29
 
 
42.0% No 21

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

66.0% Afraid of retaliation 33
 
24.0% Didn’t know what to do 12
 
22.0% Believed it would have been ineffective 11
 
16.0% Couldn’t afford 8
 
2.0% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

76.0% Truth commission 38
 
66.0% Monetary compensation to family 33
 
64.0% Employment 32
 
40.0% Investigations into abuses 20
 
22.0% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 11
 
12.0% Memorial for victims 6
 
12.0% Criminal Sanctions against those responsible 6
 
12.0% Rehabilitation services to family members 6
 
8.0% Desire nothing from government 4
 
2.0% Other 1
 

Year & District  

District

14.0% Amritsar 7
 
34.0% Firozpur 17
 
6.0% Jalandhar 3
 
4.0% Ludhiana 2
 
38.0% Moga 19
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
4.0% 1986 2
 
14.0% 1987 7
 
4.0% 1988 2
 
14.0% 1989 7
 
16.0% 1990 8
 
42.0% 1991 21
 
4.0% 1992 2
 
2.0% 1993 1
 
0.0% 1994 0
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.