Moga

77 documented cases implicating security forces based in Moga:


Amritsar District

Ajnala Subdistrict
Manjit Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jatta
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Bikramjit Singh Male, age 22 at time of disappearance, Jagatpura

Bathinda District

Rampura Phul Subdistrict
Buta Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghandawna

Faridkot District

Faridkot Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 34 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghumiara
Bhajan Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Madahar
Jatinder Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sibbian
Kulwant Singh Male, age 15-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghumiara
Jaitu Subdistrict
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bish Nandi
Harbhajan Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ramuwala
Manjeet Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Dod

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Baljinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhangar
Beant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jawahar Singhwala
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haraj
Gurdev Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Satyewala
Kuldeep Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Arifke
Mahinder Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Karman
Piyara Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihala Lawera
Sarabjit Singh Male, age 32-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pattli
Subha Singh Male, age 33 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shakoor
Zira Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pandori Khatrian
Jaspal Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Santuwala
Kehar Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padhri
Kewal Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhatra
Nishan Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Padhri

Ludhiana District

Jagroan Subdistrict
Ajmer Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Rasulpur Malla
Asgar Khan Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jagraon
Balvir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chakkar
Inderjit Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sohian
Jakkar Hussain Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jagraon
Joginder Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bangsipura

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Ajeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhaloor
Babu Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Baljeet Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bara Ghar
Baljinder Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chotia Thoba
Bhag Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mahla Kalan
Bhola Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Bhola Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Buta Singh Male, age 30-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaimalwala
Gurmail Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Gurmukh Singh Male, age 21-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Langiana Nawan
Harjinder Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chhota Ghar
Harwinder Singh Male, age 24 at time of disappearance, Gill
Jagsir Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Karnail Singh Male, age 70-75 at time of extrajudicial execution, Budh Singhwala
Nirvair Singh Male, age 26-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chida
Sadhu Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Moga Subdistrict
Angrej Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sada Singhwala
Baljeet Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ajitwal
Balwant Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhanwad
Gurdeep Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Gurmail Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Gurmail Singh Male, age 25-27 at time of extrajudicial execution, Maheshari
Gurmail Singh Gaila Male, age 28-29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ajitwal
Harbans Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Jagdish Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghal Kalan
Karnail Singh Male, age 27-28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Kulwant Singh Male, age 29 at time of extrajudicial execution, Moga
Lakhvir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhalleke
Makhan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhurkot Tahli
Malkeet Singh Male, age 55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhudike
Ranjit Singh Male, age 32 at time of disappearance, Ghal Kalan
Sarban Singh Male, age 35-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dharamkot
Satwant Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chogawan
Sawran Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tarewala
Sewak Singh Male, age 15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Korotana
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Kushkaranjot Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lopon

Sangrur District

Sangrur Subdistrict
Bahadar Singh Male, age 27 at time of disappearance, Bakhtri
Sodager Singh Male, age 25 at time of disappearance, Bakhtri

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 13-14 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 46 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Moga:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 77
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

59.7% Not married 46
 
 
39.0% Married 30

If married, did the victim have children?

31.2% Yes 24
 
 
5.2% No 4


Total children surviving victims: 60


Religion

97.4% Sikh 75
 
 
2.6% Non-Sikh 2

Caste

72.7% Jat 56
 
 
27.3% Non-Jat 21

Age

10.4% 0-17 8
 
72.7% 18-33 56
 
13.0% 34-49 10
 
1.3% 50-64 1
 
2.6% 65+ 2
 

Education

26.0% No education 20
 
15.6% Primary school 12
 
15.6% Middle school 12
 
28.6% High school 22
 
5.2% Some college 4
 
6.5% College degree 5
 
1.3% Graduate degree 1
 
1.3% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

54.5% Farmer/agriculture 42
 
14.3% Student 11
 
9.1% Day labourer 7
 
9.1% Driver (bus/truck/car) 7
 
3.9% Shopkeeper 3
 
1.3% Unemployed 1
 
1.3% Mechanic 1
 
16.9% Other 13
 

Urban / Rural

80.5% Rural 62
 
 
10.4% Urban 8

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

53.2% Yes 41
 
 
46.8% No 36

Prior torture

40.3% Yes 31
 
 
13.0% No 10

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

81.8% Yes 63
 
 
18.2% No 14

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

15.1% Yes 8
 
 
73.6% No 39

Witnesses to abduction

68.8% Yes 53
 
 
3.9% No 3

Victim abduction location

14.3% Friend/relative's residence 11
 
13.0% Victim’s residence 10
 
11.7% Roadside 9
 
10.4% Shop/market 8
 
3.9% Bus station/stand 3
 
3.9% Village fields 3
 
2.6% Police station 2
 
2.6% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
11.7% Other 9
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

57.1% Yes 44
 
 
24.7% No 19

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

15.6% Gave no response 12
 
9.1% Denied involvement 7
 
7.8% Other 6
 
7.8% Killed victim in an “encounter” 6
 
7.8% Told family to go to another police station 6
 
2.6% Victim had escaped 2
 
1.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

7.8% Yes 6
 
 
64.9% No 50

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

87.0% Extrajudicial executions 67
 
 
13.0% Enforced disappearances 10

Number of victims per family

85.7% 1 victim 66
 
7.8% 2 victim 6
 
2.6% 3 victim 2
 
1.3% 4 victim 1
 
2.6% 6 victim 2
 

Related incidents

1.3% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
98.7% No genuine encounters in family 76

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

29.9% Cremated the body 23
 
5.2% Dumped body in canal or river 4
 

Security forces returned body

6.5% Yes 5
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
80.5% No 62
 

Condition of corpse, if known

2.6% Other 2
 
2.6% Bullet wounds 2
 
2.6% Cuts/wounds 2
 
1.3% Burn marks 1
 
1.3% Missing fingernails 1
 
1.3% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

57.1% Yes 44
 
 
32.5% No 25

Security forces uniformed

88.7% Yes 47
 
 
1.9% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

79.2% Punjab Police 61
 
14.3% CRPF 11
 
3.9% BSF 3
 
3.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

83.1% Punjab police 64
 
14.3% CRPF 11
 
11.7% BSF 9
 
3.9% Criminal Investigation Agency 3
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

49.4% Combatant 38
 
 
50.6% Non-combatant 39

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

18.2% Yes 14
 
 
31.2% No 24

If provided support, support was voluntary

16.9% Yes 13
 
 
1.3% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

28.6% Yes 22
 
 
70.1% No 54

Approached security officials

44.2% Yes 34
 
 
55.8% No 43

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

59.7% Afraid of retaliation 46
 
16.9% Didn’t know what to do 13
 
10.4% Believed it would have been ineffective 8
 
7.8% Couldn’t afford 6
 
2.6% Not applicable 2
 

Remedies desired from government

74.0% Truth commission 57
 
68.8% Monetary compensation to family 53
 
59.7% Employment 46
 
51.9% Investigations into abuses 40
 
37.7% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 29
 
20.8% Memorial for victims 16
 
18.2% Rehabilitation services to family members 14
 
9.1% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 7
 
9.1% Desire nothing from government 7
 
1.3% Other 1
 

Year & District 

District

2.6% Amritsar 2
 
1.3% Bathinda 1
 
9.1% Faridkot 7
 
18.2% Firozpur 14
 
7.8% Ludhiana 6
 
49.4% Moga 38
 
2.6% Sangrur 2
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
1.3% 1982 1
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
10.4% 1984 8
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
2.6% 1986 2
 
11.7% 1987 9
 
5.2% 1988 4
 
2.6% 1989 2
 
9.1% 1990 7
 
29.9% 1991 23
 
16.9% 1992 13
 
2.6% 1993 2
 
3.9% 1994 3
 
1.3% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
2.6% Date Unknown 2
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.