Bhagha Purana

61 documented cases implicating security forces based in Bhagha Purana:


Bathinda District

Bathinda Subdistrict
Gurjant Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jandanwala
Manjeet Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jandanwala
Rampura Phul Subdistrict
Baldev Singh Male, age 13-15 at time of extrajudicial execution, Neor
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 20-22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhodipura
Harnek Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bhai Rupa
Jaffer Hussain Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Koer Singhwala
Sukhpal Singh Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, Bhagta

Faridkot District

Jaitu Subdistrict
Balwinder Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Romana Ajit Singh
Bikar Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bargari
Binder Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bargari
Suba Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Romana Ajit Singh

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Dilbagh Singh Male, age 26 at time of disappearance, Arif Ke
Jaskaran Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Haraj
Sukhmandar Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jit Singhwala

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Balbahadur Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Baljinder Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chotia Thoba
Balveer Singh Male, age 42 at time of extrajudicial execution, Smalsar
Balwinder Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Smalsar
Balwinder Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Kaleke
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Chamkaur Singh Male, age 22-23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Langiana Nawan
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 23 at time of disappearance, Rode
Gurjit Singh Male, age 10 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chand Nawan
Jagdev Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Langiana Nawan
Jagroop Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ladhaike
Jagtar Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jita Singhwala
Jasbeer Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rode
Jaswant Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Budh Singhwala
Jugraj Singh Male, age 20-25 at time of disappearance, Mahla Khurd
Kamaljeet Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Budh Singhwala
Khunda Singh Male, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Samadhbhai
Krishan Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaimalwala
Kulwant Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mari Mustafa
Mander Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chand Purana
Mehar Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatpura
Mohan Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jita Singhwala
Nachhatar Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chand Purana
Naryan Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Bara Ghar
Nirmal Singh Male, age 22-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Rajiana
Roop Singh Male, age 25-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jita Singhwala
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nathuwala Garbi
Sukhmander Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Kaleke
Veerm Singh Male, age 18 at time of disappearance, Rode
Moga Subdistrict
Darshan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Ghal Kalan
Gurcharan Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dadahur
Gursewak Singh Male, age 29-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirak
Harnek Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jhandewala
Jalaur Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dala
Jugraj Singh Male, age 26 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirak
Lakhvir Singh Male, age 22 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dhalleke
Nachatar Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Korewala Kalan
Rashpal Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirak
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chirak
Nihal Singhwala Subdistrict
Charat Singh Male, age 38 at time of disappearance, Raoke Kalan
Gurmeet Singh Male, age 16-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gholia Khurd
Jagroop Singh Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, Raina
Makhan Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Manuke

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 25 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld
Anonymous Male, age 19-20 at time of disappearance, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Bhagha Purana:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

100.0% Male 61
 
 
0.0% Female 0

Marital status

60.7% Not married 37
 
 
39.3% Married 24

If married, did the victim have children?

24.6% Yes 15
 
 
11.5% No 7


Total children surviving victims: 32


Religion

98.4% Sikh 60
 
 
1.6% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

59.0% Jat 36
 
 
41.0% Non-Jat 25

Age

11.5% 0-17 7
 
72.1% 18-33 44
 
14.8% 34-49 9
 
1.6% 50-64 1
 

Education

34.4% No education 21
 
27.9% Primary school 17
 
16.4% Middle school 10
 
11.5% High school 7
 
3.3% Some college 2
 
1.6% Graduate degree 1
 
4.9% Vocational degree 3
 

Employment

41.0% Farmer/agriculture 25
 
21.3% Day labourer 13
 
11.5% Student 7
 
6.6% Unemployed 4
 
3.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
3.3% Mechanic 2
 
1.6% Shopkeeper 1
 
19.7% Other 12
 

Urban / Rural

95.1% Rural 58
 
 
0.0% Urban 0

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

60.7% Yes 37
 
 
39.3% No 24

Prior torture

45.9% Yes 28
 
 
14.8% No 9

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

86.9% Yes 53
 
 
11.5% No 7

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

31.9% Yes 15
 
 
55.3% No 26

Witnesses to abduction

77.0% Yes 47
 

Victim abduction location

34.4% Victim’s residence 21
 
11.5% Village fields 7
 
9.8% Roadside 6
 
6.6% Friend/relative's residence 4
 
6.6% Shop/market 4
 
3.3% Police station 2
 
8.2% Other 5
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

65.6% Yes 40
 
 
21.3% No 13

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

11.5% Told family to go to another police station 7
 
11.5% Gave no response 7
 
11.5% Other 7
 
8.2% Victim had escaped 5
 
4.9% Killed victim in an “encounter” 3
 
4.9% Denied involvement 3
 
3.3% Admitted extrajudicial execution with no explanation 2
 
3.3% Admitted custody only 2
 
1.6% Victim killed by black cats 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

4.9% Yes 3
 
 
78.7% No 48

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

86.9% Extrajudicial executions 53
 
 
13.1% Enforced disappearances 8

Number of victims per family

86.9% 1 victim 53
 
11.5% 2 victim 7
 
1.6% 4 victim 1
 

Related incidents

1.6% Genuine encounters in family 1
 
 
98.4% No genuine encounters in family 60

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

16.4% Cremated the body 10
 

Security forces returned body

11.5% Yes 7
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
75.4% No 46
 

Condition of corpse, if known

9.8% Bullet wounds 6
 
4.9% Cuts/wounds 3
 
1.6% Missing hair from head or face 1
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

59.0% Yes 36
 
 
26.2% No 16

Security forces uniformed

87.2% Yes 41
 
 
4.3% No 2

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

82.0% Punjab Police 50
 
6.6% CRPF 4
 
3.3% BSF 2
 
1.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

85.2% Punjab police 52
 
4.9% CRPF 3
 
1.6% Other 1
 
1.6% Criminal Investigation Agency 1
 
1.6% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

37.7% Combatant 23
 
 
60.7% Non-combatant 37

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

16.4% Yes 10
 
 
44.3% No 27

If provided support, support was voluntary

13.1% Yes 8
 
 
3.3% No 2

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

21.3% Yes 13
 
 
78.7% No 48

Approached security officials

50.8% Yes 31
 
 
49.2% No 30

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

62.3% Afraid of retaliation 38
 
24.6% Didn’t know what to do 15
 
18.0% Couldn’t afford 11
 
13.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 8
 
1.6% Other 1
 
1.6% Not applicable 1
 

Remedies desired from government

68.9% Truth commission 42
 
67.2% Monetary compensation to family 41
 
45.9% Employment 28
 
36.1% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 22
 
34.4% Investigations into abuses 21
 
18.0% Desire nothing from government 11
 
14.8% Rehabilitation services to family members 9
 
14.8% Memorial for victims 9
 
8.2% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 5
 
3.3% Other 2
 

Year & District 

District

11.5% Bathinda 7
 
6.6% Faridkot 4
 
4.9% Firozpur 3
 
72.1% Moga 44
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
1.6% 1986 1
 
21.3% 1987 13
 
8.2% 1988 5
 
9.8% 1989 6
 
11.5% 1990 7
 
9.8% 1991 6
 
19.7% 1992 12
 
13.1% 1993 8
 
1.6% 1994 1
 
1.6% 1995 1
 
0.0% 1996 0
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
1.6% Date Unknown 1
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.