Makhu

47 documented cases implicating security forces based in Makhu:


Amritsar District

Baba Bakala Subdistrict
Pargat Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nangli
Patti Subdistrict
Amrik Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Dassuwal
Balbir Singh Male, age 18-19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Patti
Kulbir Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Harike
Pargat Singh Male, age 20-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Wara Thathi
Sarwan Singh Male, age 25-26 at time of disappearance, Bua
Tarn Taran Subdistrict
Balbir Singh Male, age 24-25 at time of disappearance, Sakhira
Balwinder Singh Male, age 23-24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malmohri
Jogga Singh Male, age 28-30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malmohri
Nirmal Singh Male, age 18-20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Norangabad

Firozpur District

Firozpur Subdistrict
Balkar Singh Male, age 19-21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihala Lawera
Tara Singh Male, age 40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Tabbi Khurd
Zira Subdistrict
Ajit Singh Male, age 65 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Amrik Singh Male, age 35 at time of disappearance, Watu Bhatti
Avtar Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Behk Walayat Shah
Balwinder Singh Male, age 18 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shianpari
Beera Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Pir Mohamad
Bikar Singh Male, age 34-35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Mithe
Bikkar Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Lohke Kalan
Daljinder Singh Male, age 28 at time of extrajudicial execution, Makhu
Fumman Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Nihalke
Iqbal Kaur Female, age 90 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Jagdish Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jaura
Jagrup Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chohlah
Jameet Singh Male, age 54-55 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Mahrana
Jaswinder Kaur Female, age 39-40 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Jugraj Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shianpari
Kulwant Singh Male, age 20 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Nepalan
Lakhwinder Kaur Female, age 50 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Major Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Variah
Malkeet Singh Male, age 21 at time of disappearance, Manjwala
Manjit Kaur Female, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Palwinder Singh Male, age 13 at time of extrajudicial execution, Shianpari
Pritam Singh Male, age 40-45 at time of extrajudicial execution, Malhewala
Rajwinder Singh Male, age 16 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Sucha Singh Male, age 30 at time of extrajudicial execution, Jogewala
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 19 at time of extrajudicial execution, Talwandi Nepalan
Sukhdev Singh Male, age 30-31 at time of extrajudicial execution, Chak Mahrana
Sukhwinder Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Killi Bodla
Surjit Singh Male, age 16-17 at time of extrajudicial execution, Fatehgarh Sabrah

Gurdaspur District

Dera Baba Nanak Subdistrict
Daljit Singh Male, age 32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Gillanwali

Kapurthala District

Sultanpur Lodhi Subdistrict
Pritam Singh Male, age 35 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sech

Moga District

Bhagha Purana Subdistrict
Sewak Singh Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sangatpura
Moga Subdistrict
Nahar Singh Male, age 24 at time of extrajudicial execution, Varah
Sajjan Singh Male, age 21 at time of extrajudicial execution, Takhtuwala

Muktsar District

Malout Subdistrict
Gurmej Singh Male, age 30-32 at time of extrajudicial execution, Sarawan Bodla

Location Withheld

Anonymous Male, age 23 at time of extrajudicial execution, location withheld

Key statistics of cases implicating security forces based in Makhu:

Victim Demographics 

Gender

91.5% Male 43
 
 
8.5% Female 4

Marital status

53.2% Not married 25
 
 
46.8% Married 22

If married, did the victim have children?

40.4% Yes 19
 
 
6.4% No 3


Total children surviving victims: 45


Religion

97.9% Sikh 46
 
 
2.1% Non-Sikh 1

Caste

74.5% Jat 35
 
 
25.5% Non-Jat 12

Age

8.5% 0-17 4
 
66.0% 18-33 31
 
17.0% 34-49 8
 
4.3% 50-64 2
 
4.3% 65+ 2
 

Education

42.6% No education 20
 
25.5% Primary school 12
 
10.6% Middle school 5
 
17.0% High school 8
 
2.1% College degree 1
 
2.1% Vocational degree 1
 

Employment

57.4% Farmer/agriculture 27
 
17.0% Day labourer 8
 
8.5% Housewife 4
 
4.3% Driver (bus/truck/car) 2
 
2.1% Unemployed 1
 
2.1% Shopkeeper 1
 
2.1% Mechanic 1
 
2.1% Student 1
 
10.6% Other 5
 

Urban / Rural

93.6% Rural 44
 
 
4.3% Urban 2

Abduction, Detention, & Torture 

Prior detentions

34.0% Yes 16
 
 
66.0% No 31

Prior torture

27.7% Yes 13
 
 
6.4% No 3

Abduction preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

70.2% Yes 33
 
 
29.8% No 14

Security officials informed witnesses where they were taking the victim

8.7% Yes 2
 
 
87.0% No 20

Witnesses to abduction

48.9% Yes 23
 
 
4.3% No 2

Victim abduction location

17.0% Village fields 8
 
12.8% Roadside 6
 
10.6% Victim’s residence 5
 
6.4% Friend/relative's residence 3
 
4.3% Police station 2
 
4.3% Checkpoint (naka) 2
 
2.1% Bus station/stand 1
 
8.5% Other 4
 

Detention facility type

Data forthcoming


Preceding detention location known

55.3% Yes 26
 
 
14.9% No 7

Witnesses to detention preceding enforced disappearance/extrajudicial execution

Data forthcoming


Security official response to victim status

12.8% Other 6
 
10.6% Gave no response 5
 
10.6% Told family to go to another police station 5
 
8.5% Killed victim in an “encounter” 4
 
4.3% Denied involvement 2
 
2.1% Victim had escaped 1
 
2.1% Victim killed in crossfire with militants 1
 

Victim presented before judge/magistrate

2.1% Yes 1
 
 
46.8% No 22

Enforced Disappearances vs. Extrajudicial Executions 

Classification

91.5% Extrajudicial executions 43
 
 
8.5% Enforced disappearances 4

Number of victims per family

68.1% 1 victim 32
 
12.8% 2 victim 6
 
4.3% 3 victim 2
 
14.9% 7 victim 7
 

Related incidents

0.0% Genuine encounters in family 0
 
 
100.0% No genuine encounters in family 47

Body Disposal 

Body disposal by security forces

29.8% Cremated the body 14
 
4.3% Dumped body in canal or river 2
 

Security forces returned body

38.3% Yes 18
 
0.0% Yes, but forced immediate cremation 0
 
53.2% No 25
 

Condition of corpse, if known

25.5% Bullet wounds 12
 
19.1% Cuts/wounds 9
 
17.0% Broken bones 8
 
14.9% Burn marks 7
 
10.6% Bruises 5
 
10.6% Missing fingernails 5
 
8.5% Missing hair from head or face 4
 
4.3% Other 2
 

Security Forces Implicated 

Names of involved security officials known

70.2% Yes 33
 
 
19.1% No 9

Security forces uniformed

87.0% Yes 20
 
 
4.3% No 1

Type(s) of security forces involved in abduction

68.1% Punjab Police 32
 
8.5% CRPF 4
 
2.1% BSF 1
 
2.1% Black cat 1
 

Type(s) of security forces involved in extrajudicial execution

91.5% Punjab police 43
 
21.3% CRPF 10
 
14.9% Army 7
 
4.3% Criminal Investigation Agency 2
 
2.1% BSF 1
 
2.1% Black cat 1
 

Militancy Involvement 

Combatant status

34.0% Combatant 16
 
 
63.8% Non-combatant 30

Non-combatant, provided support to militants

14.9% Yes 7
 
 
48.9% No 23

If provided support, support was voluntary

8.5% Yes 4
 
 
2.1% No 1

Remedies & Impact 

Approached court or commission

25.5% Yes 12
 
 
74.5% No 35

Approached security officials

53.2% Yes 25
 
 
46.8% No 22

Reason the family did not pursue any kind of action

61.7% Afraid of retaliation 29
 
19.1% Believed it would have been ineffective 9
 
19.1% Didn’t know what to do 9
 
8.5% Couldn’t afford 4
 

Remedies desired from government

78.7% Employment 37
 
78.7% Truth commission 37
 
76.6% Monetary compensation to family 36
 
40.4% Public acknowledgement of wrongful deaths 19
 
38.3% Investigations into abuses 18
 
31.9% Rehabilitation services to family members 15
 
23.4% Criminal sanctions against those responsible 11
 
12.8% Memorial for victims 6
 

Year & District 

District

21.3% Amritsar 10
 
63.8% Firozpur 30
 
2.1% Gurdaspur 1
 
2.1% Kapurthala 1
 
6.4% Moga 3
 
2.1% Muktsar 1
 

Year

0.0% 1981 0
 
0.0% 1982 0
 
0.0% 1983 0
 
0.0% 1984 0
 
0.0% 1985 0
 
0.0% 1986 0
 
6.4% 1987 3
 
2.1% 1988 1
 
6.4% 1989 3
 
6.4% 1990 3
 
38.3% 1991 18
 
25.5% 1992 12
 
6.4% 1993 3
 
4.3% 1994 2
 
0.0% 1995 0
 
4.3% 1996 2
 
0.0% 1997 0
 
0.0% 1998 0
 
0.0% 1999 0
 
0.0% 2000 0
 
0.0% 2001 0
 
0.0% 2002 0
 
0.0% 2003 0
 
0.0% 2004 0
 
0.0% 2005 0
 
0.0% 2006 0
 
0.0% 2007 0
 
0.0% 2012 0
 
0.0% Date Unknown 0
 

Boundaries based on the 2001 census. Read about our methodology.